PART THREE OF THE BOOK OF ISAIAH
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CHAPTERS 45--66 -- with commentary
1 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus,
Whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him.
I will loose the loins of kings, to open the doors before him; the
gates will not be shut.
2 I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight.
I will break in pieces the gates of brass,
And cut asunder the bars of iron.
3 I will give thee the treasures of darkness,
And hidden riches stored in their secret places,
That thou mayest know that I, the LORD,
Which call thee by thy name,
Am the God of Israel.
4 For Jacob, my servant's sake,
And Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name.
I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.
1. This speaks to Cyrus by
name, but since he is a type or pattern for both the Lord's servant in the last
days and also Jesus himself, these verses can be taken as if they were written
about either of them. Just imagine that the servant's name is Cyrus for these
few lines. The Lord has strengthened him to accomplish his mission of subduing
the nations of the world, including kings. The image is of defenses falling
apart before the servant so he can be successful in bringing them the truth. This might also refer to
"kings" of the church who have been slow to accept additional truths, or
maybe even having rejected them.
2. The Lord promises to go
before the servant, leveling and clearing his path of any and all interferences.
Iron bars and brass gates suggests that the Lord's servant is going to meet with
some great obstacles, most likely it will be people that resist him, thinking
that they have all the answers they need--much like the Jews of Jesus time.
3. Cyrus is promised the riches
of the world, but to the Lord's servant this means scriptural riches, even
treasures like the "Pearl of Great Price;" It means the books of Job,
Jonah, Isaiah, etc.. In other words, scriptural truths that have been hidden
from the world in
parables, types, and metaphors. These riches will bring the Jews back to God.
5 I am the LORD, and there is none else; there is no God beside me,
I girded thee about, though thou hast not known me,
6 That they may know from the rising of the sun,
And from the west, there is none beside me.
I am the LORD, and there is none else.
7 I form light and create darkness.
I make peace and create evil.
I, the LORD, do all these things.
8 Shower down, O ye heavens, from above,
And let the skies pour down righteousness;
Let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation,
And let righteousness spring up together;
I the LORD have created it.
9 Woe unto him that
striveth with his Maker!
Let the potsherd strive with
the potsherds of the earth.
Shall the clay say to him
that fashioneth it, What makest thou?
Or shall the clay say to him that worketh it, His hands hath no skill?
10 Woe unto him that would say
unto his father, What begettest thou?
Or that would say unto the
woman, What hast thou brought forth?
11 Thus saith the LORD, the
Holy One of Israel and his Maker,
Will ye ask me of things to come concerning my sons?
Or, command me concerning
the work of my hands?
12 I have made the earth and
created man upon it.
I, even my hands, stretched out
And all their host have I
5-6. This tells us that the
Lord has strengthened the servant so he can accomplish his mission, which is
that the whole world will come to know the true God.
7. The Lord is making sure that
Israel knows who he (God) is, that he does everything that is done. The only
way a righteous God could say that he creates evil is to mean that he gives men
their agency, and then they are free to do evil. In that way, so to speak, God
creates evil---God creates men; therefore God creates evil.
8. "Shower down, O
heavens," refers to the showering of knowledge. Heaven is the source of
all knowledge, and is the same as the treasures of verse two. Knowledge is what the Lord's servant is going to bring to Israel.
This could be construed to be
a commandment to the Lord's servant to shower Israel with the knowledge that he
has been given. All this knowledge will lead to righteousness and salvation for
9-10. This is a warning to those who would fight against God,
resisting the knowledge that God is sending by way of his servant; to those that
assume they have the answers; to those that might say, A Bible! A Bible! We have
got a Bible, and there cannot be any more Bible.
11-12. This means, If it is
not plain to you, then ask God who has all the answers--"I am Jehovah, the
Creator; hear my words.
13 I have raised him up in
And I will direct all his ways,
He shall build my city,
And he shall let go my captives,
Not for a price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.
14 Thus saith the LORD, The
labor of Egypt,
And merchandise of Ethiopia,
and of the Sabeans, men of stature,
Shall come over unto thee,
and they shall be thine; they shall come after thee.
In chains they shall come
over, and they shall fall down unto thee.
And they shall make
supplication unto thee,
Saying, Surely God is in
And there is none other,
No God besides him.
15 Verily thou art a God,
That hideth thyself, O God of
Israel, the Savior.
16 They shall be a shamed and
also confounded, all of them;
They shall go to confusion
together that are makers of idols.
17 But Israel shall be saved
in the LORD with an everlasting salvation.
Ye shall not be ashamed nor
confounded worlds without end.
18 For thus saith the LORD, he
that created the heavens,
God himself that formed the
earth and made it;
He hath established it, and not in vain.
He formed it to be inhabited.
I am the LORD, and there is none else.
13. God raised up this servant
to accomplish these things, and the servant will do it. He will build up
Jerusalem in a spiritual sense, not just a city, and give Israel the information
they need to free themselves from captivity by the wicked world. The servant's
motives will be pure and righteous, desiring no reward for himself.
14. People from the world will
come (voluntarily) bound in the chains of sin, seeking the knowledge that will
15. This is the second time Isaiah has referred to the fact that God is
16. This sums up what happened
to them. They turned away to idols and other false gods, forgetting about
Jehovah. It is the same for all that turn to idols.
17. But now Israel is never to
make that mistake again. They are to know God, and be partakers of his
18. Here he is saying that
Israel is to make this change and become spiritually strong, which means that the land
will be inhabited or will not be a desert. Israel is considered to be a
desert when none of God's children have the truth and their progression is
19 I have not spoken in
secret, in a dark place.
I said not unto the seed of
Jacob, Seek ye me in vain.
I the LORD speak
righteousness, I declare things that are right.
20 Assemble yourselves and
come; draw near together,
Ye that are escaped of the
They have no knowledge,
That carry graven images of wood,
And pray unto a god that
21 Tell ye them of it, and
bring them near,
Yea, and then let them take
Who hath declared this unto
you from ancient time?
Who hath told it from that
time? have not I, the LORD?
For there is no other God
A just God, and Savior.
There is none,
22 Look unto me,
And be ye saved,
All the ends of the earth;
For I am God, and there is
23 I have sworn by myself;
the word is gone out,
From my mouth in righteousness,
and it shall not return,
That unto me every knee shall
bow, and every tongue shall swear.
24 Surely, shall one say, Only
in the LORD have I righteousness and strength;
Even to him shall men come,
and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.
25 In the LORD shall all the
seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
19. Here God tells them that he
doesn't speak to them through soothsayers or other
mediums that operate in the
dark, in cemeteries in the middle of the night, trying to communicate with
spirits. He has not lied to Jacob. Salvation is there to find, and every word
will be fulfilled.
20. It means, Come ye that are
ignorant of God, that have no more knowledge then to worship graven images. Yea,
come and learn of the true God, all men, of every nation.
21-23. This is most likely a
command to the Jews to tell the world. They know better than any who it is that
declared this from ancient time in Job, Isaiah, Joel, and Jonah; and that nobody else has foretold anything,
certainly not the idols. Everyone is to know the truth, and every knee shall bow
and every tongue confess that Jesus is the Christ.
24. Most likely these will be
the words of the Lord's servant; i.e., "In the Lord have I righteousness,
and strength." His words will attract the righteous, and the opposition
will be put to shame.
25. This is the greatest
promise the Lord can make to anyone. Israel is to find God and learn of his
ways, even until they are justified by the Spirit, and obtain their glory.
1 Bel boweth down; Nebo stoopeth;
Their idols were upon the beasts,
and upon the cattle;
Your carriages were heavy loaden; they are a
burden to a weary beast;
2 They stoop, they bow down
together, they could not deliver the burden;
But they themselves are gone
3 Hearken unto me, O house of
And all the remnant of the house
Which have been borne by me
from the belly,
Which have been carried from
4 And even to your old age, I
To hoar hairs will I
I have made, and I will
Even I will carry, and will deliver you.
5 To whom will ye liken me,
and make my equal,
And compare me, that we may
be found to be alike?
6 They lavish gold out of a
bag, and weigh silver in the balance,
And hire a goldsmith, and he
maketh it into a god.
They fall down, yea, and they
7 They bear him upon the
They carry him, and set him in
place, and he standeth.
From his place he shall not
move; yea, and one shall cry unto him,
Yet, he can not answer, nor
save him out of his trouble.
1. Bel and Nebo are false gods of Babylon. Their gods
(idols) are a burden to them, both literally and spiritually. These beasts
represent people. Beasts and cattle are used, metaphorically, for people who
haven't advanced spiritually. They (the people) are wearied with the load of
falsehoods. Their weariness from the burden of false gods is in contrast to the
burden of Jesus: "For my yoke is easy, and my burden is
light" (Matt.11:30). See
2. They cannot save the burden
anymore then the burden can save them. Both go into captivity.
3-4. Instead of being a
burden to you, as your false gods are, the true God has taken you for his
burden, even from Israel's creation in Egypt has he carried you. In a broader
sense this means the same thing for all of us; he
will faithfully carry us and deliver (save) us.
5. His conclusion is: "If
I, your God, would carry you throughout your existence, why in the world would
you worship a god that you have to carry about. To which one would
you liken me?"
6. Time and time again God has
told them that he is the creator, that he made them. Here he is contrasting that
to their creating of false gods. Look at the results of his creation, man; and
look at the results of their creation, a block of wood. How silly it is.
7. How silly is it? They have to move it about; and it can do
nothing but stand where they put it. It cannot hear their cry or do anything to
help them when they have problems. God is everything that these false gods are
not. They, themselves, amount to more than do their false gods that they carry
about on their shoulders and bow down to .
8 Remember this, and show
And bring it again to mind,
O ye transgressors.
9 Remember the things of old,
For I am God; and there is none
I am God, and there is none like unto me;
10 That hath declared the end
from the beginning,
And from ancient times the things
that are not yet done;
And saying, My counsel shall
And I will do all my
11 Calling a ravenous bird
from the east,
The man that executeth my
counsel from a far country.
Yea, I have spoken it, and will bring it to pass.
I have purposed it, and I
will also do it.
12 Hearken unto me, all ye
That are far from
13 I bring near my righteousness.
It shall not be far off,
And my salvation shall not
And I will place salvation in
Zion for Israel, my glory.
8. He admonishes them to
remember these things about false gods, and to cease to be a beast of burden. He says,
"Show yourselves [to be] men," not beasts and cattle burdened with
falsehoods. Referring to men as beasts is akin to referring to them as natural
man, as opposed to the spiritual man. A natural man is a carnal man, one who
operates at an animal level. Adam Clark said, "The animal
man--the man who is in a state of nature, and lives under the influence of his
animal passions." It is not a stretch to refer to such men as beasts.
9. He says to look back and
see who it was that told you what would happen, everything told be Job, Isaiah,
Joel and Jonah.
10. He has told you of the end
right from the beginning. And all that has
been, and will be, is exactly as he has said it would be, right from the
beginning before Israel went astray after false gods.
11. Now he is doing exactly
that again; i.e., telling them what is to come. He returns to the main theme of
these chapters; i.e., the Lord's servant of the last day. He calls him a
ravenous bird, meaning one who is hungry for the word of God, even ravenously
hungry, searching relentlessly like a bird of prey to devour every word that has
come out of the mouth of God. The linking words "from a far country"
establishes that the servant is to be from outside of Israel, and most likely a
Gentile as we shall see. This servant will accomplish all that God has in store
for him to do. God will see to it by helping him.
12. We must assume that
"stouthearted" means the same as hardhearted or stiff-necked because he is speaking
to the unbelieving, "that are far from righteousness."
and "my salvation," are pseudonyms for "the servant" and Christ
respectively. Christ will bring salvation to Israel. The servant, as the right hand of Christ,
will bring knowledge of Christ to them.
1 Come down, and sit in the
dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon.
Sit on the ground, on no
throne, O daughter of the Chaldeans,
For thou shalt no more be
called tender and delicate.
2 Take the millstones, and
grind the meal;
Uncover thy locks; make bare the leg,
Uncover the thigh, and pass
over the rivers.
3 Thy nakedness shall be
uncovered, yea, thy shame seen;
For I will take vengeance,
and I will not meet thee as a man.
4 Our redeemer, the LORD of
hosts is my name, the Holy One of Israel.
5 Sit thou silent, and get
thee into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans;
For this thing thou shalt no
longer be called, The lady of kingdoms.
6 I was wroth with my people,
so I have polluted mine inheritance,
Given them into thine hand;
that didst show them no mercy.
Upon the aged hast thou very
heavily laid thy yoke.
7 And thou saidst, I shall be
a lady forever.
So that thou didst not lay these
things to thy heart,
And neither didst thou consider the latter end of what might
1-15. Other expositors see
this chapter as a prophecy predicting the destruction of Babylon. It is not
that, and it seems contradictory that it could have been interpreted that way by
Cyrus, king of Babylon, or why would he have let Israel go. In the previous
chapter Israel was accused of following Bel and Nebo, the Babylonian gods. Now,
because of their worship of these idols, Israel is derogatorily called the
daughter of Babylon, the daughter of the Chaldeans, instead of daughter of Zion
or the bride of Jehovah. It is the same pattern found in Chapter one, where
Israel is called Sodom and Gomorrah because she had become just as sinful.
1-4. Now the fair maiden, Israel, is likened to a daughter of nobility
(the bride of Jehovah), being dethroned and sold into slavery, to experience all
of the degrading aspects of a slave. She is even told to remove her veil, which
only an harlot was allowed to go without. Many times the Lord called wayward
Israel an harlot for chasing after false gods.
5. Israel is to go into
darkness, which is metaphorical for their spiritual slide into ignorance. It
means they are to lose their knowledge of God----cease being his bride.
6. This verse points back to
the Chaldeans of verse five, but means the world which is represented by the
Chaldeans. Israel is scattered because of their sins.
7-8. This refers to Israel again, because they were the only ones who
were made promises of becoming the Lord's bride. Because Israel was the "chosen
people" only they could feel so confident and arrogant to say, "I am, (meaning I
am the Lord's bride), and there is none else but me."
8 Therefore hear now this, thou that art given to
pleasures, that dwellest carelessly,
That saith in thine heart, I
am, and there is none else besides me;
I shall not sit as a widow,
neither shall I know the loss of children.
9 But these two things shall
come unto thee in a moment, in one day:
The loss of children, and
widowhood--they shall come upon thee,
In their perfection for the
multitude of thy sorceries,
And for the great abundance
of thine enchantments.
10 For thou hast trusted in
Thou hast said that none
Thy wisdom and thy knowledge,
It hath perverted thee.
Thou hast said in thy heart,
I am, and none else besides
11 Therefore shall evil come
Thou shalt not know from
whence it riseth.
And mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put
And desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou shalt
8-9. Israel's women did
suffer these things, but a broader and more
significant meaning would be
that Israel, as a nation, was to lose children, until only a small remnant was
left, and Israel was to be a widow because of her lose of the
"bridegroom" which is the Lord.
10-11. Because of their
previous spiritual knowledge (being the sons of Abraham and being fanatical
about it, even to being blinded to any new truth) this condemnation is justified.
This would not apply to Babylon because Babylon, in their spiritual
ignorance, could not be found guilty of these things. Where there is no
knowledge, there is no sin. Cf. verse 8.
12 Stand now with thine
And with the multitude of thy
Wherein thou hast labored
at even from thy youth:
If so be thou shalt be
able to profit,
If so be that they mayest
13 Thou art wearied in the
multitude of thy counsels.
Let now the astrologers, the stargazers,
the monthly prognosticators,
Stand up, and save thee from these things
that shall come upon thee.
14 Behold, they shall be as
stubble, and the fire shall burn them up.
They shall not deliver
themselves from the power of the flame;
There shall not be a coal to
warm at, nor fire to sit before.
15 Thus shall they be unto thee with whom thou hast labored,
Even trafficked with, all the way from thy youth;
They shall wander everyone in his own way;
None shall save thee.
12-13. Persist with your
worship of false gods if you wish, but you are only weakened by them. All that
Jehovah has said will happen. None of your false gods will change anything that
he has promised. You are wearied with their many and conflicting ideas.
14. If the idols amounted to
anything at all, one would think that after they were burned there would at
least be coals to warm oneself before; but no, not even that much good will they
15. All who have pursued them,
astrologers etc., will find that they have been in pursuit of nothing. They
cannot save anyone from what the Lord will do, not in a physical sense or in a
spiritual sense. They will not be there to help in any way.
You might be wondering why
the Lord continues to issue indictments against Israel, as this chapter does,
especially after he has made such beautiful and wonderful promises about their
end times. Why does he keep bringing up the past? At least part of the answer
can be found in the structures that tie the whole book of Isaiah together.
Although the first 39 chapters are primarily indictments and curses, and the
remainder are primarily promises and blessing, there is a small intermixing of
each in the other. Avraham Gileadi explains these structures, somewhat, in his
book, THE BOOK OF ISAIAH. He has schooling in the ways of the Jews, having
actually studied in Israel. He has written other books about Isaiah, which are
very informative from a literary standpoint. Up to a point they help in
understanding Isaiah, especially when it comes to synonymous parallelisms,
chiastic structures, literary patterns, allegories, types, code names, key
words, linking words, and other mechanical tools.
1 Hearken and hear this, O
house of Jacob,
Who are called by
the name of Israel,
And are come forth out of the
waters of Judah,
Who swear by the name of
And make mention of the
God of Israel;
Yet they swear not in truth
nor in righteousness;
Nevertheless, they call
themselves of the holy city,
But they do not stay
themselves upon the God of Israel,
Who is the LORD of hosts; yea, the Lord of Hosts is his name.
3 Behold, I have declared the
former things from the beginning,
And they went forth out of my
mouth, and I showed them;
I did show them suddenly,
and they came to pass;
4 And I did it because I knew
that thou art obstinate,
And thy neck is as an iron sinew,
and thy brow as brass.
5 And I have even from the
beginning declared it to thee,
And I showed them for fear lest thou shouldst say--
Mine idol hath done them, and
my graven image,
And my molten image hath
Compare to 1 Nephi 20.
1. Come and listen to these
words all ye exiles, ye Jews, who claim to be the chosen of the Lord but do not
act like it. This summons to come forth is more appropriate to the Jews
scattered all over the world today than it was to ancient times. (See A
companion to your study of the Book of Mormon by Daniel H Ludlow, pg 120, for a
discussion of the phrase "or out of the waters of baptism," which I
did not include because this summons, "to hear," is directed to the
apostate, exiled Jews who have not heard the word yet, let alone be baptized.) A
computer search could not find the expression, "waters of Judah"
anywhere else in the scriptures to help us understand its meaning. It appears to
mean the same as "out of the loins of Judah," in the sense of being
born of the mother's waters.
2. They call themselves Jews
after Jerusalem, the Holy City, and, therefore, have a responsibility to the God
of that city to be better. They do not rely upon the God of that city, nor do
they even know him.
3-5. From their beginning
Jehovah told them of their future, and he brought it to pass, that they might
know that he is Jehovah. He did it to prevent them from saying there idol told
them these things. Until now, was the "former things." Now he is again
telling them of things that are to come, which were given to them in the
beginning but they have not been understood. He gave Job and Isaiah in the
beginning but he knew they wouldn't understand until much later, like now.
6 Thou hast seen and heard all
And will ye not declare them?
And I showed thee new things from
Even hidden things, and thou
didst not know them before.
7 They are shown unto thee now,
and were not from the beginning;
Even before the day thou
heardest them not they were declared unto thee,
Lest thou shouldest say,
Behold, I knew them.
8 Yea, thou heardest them not;
Yea, and thou also knewest them
From that time thine ear was
For I knew thou wouldest
And wast called a
transgressor even from the womb.
9 Nevertheless, for my name's
sake will I defer mine anger,
And for my praise will I
refrain from thee, that I cut thee not off.
10 For behold, I have refined thee; I have chosen thee in the
furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, yea, for
mine own sake will I do this;
For I will not suffer my name
to become polluted,
And I will not give my glory
6. Now, today, he is showing
them things given anciently, but yet are new to them because they have been
hidden. These "secret things" will result in the spiritual redemption
of Israel, which will commence from this time forth. These hidden things are the
truths that are now being revealed, especially by the Book of Job as we shall
see in the next chapter, and the other hidden books mentioned in 45:3 and 15.
7. I have corrected 7a to agree with verses 5-6, 7b, 8, and
16, which all say it was created in the beginning. This "new"
information came forth in the beginning; that way Israel couldn't claim to come
up with it now, giving some other source credit for it.
8. From of old they could not
have known these things, because God did not open their ears to hear it. God knew he
had to do it this way so there would be no doubt. He suggests that the
effectiveness of these new things would have been annulled had he not kept them
9. He is ending their trials
for his own sake, apparently to prevent the world from thinking Israel's God
does not exist, or his promises of old are not valid after 2000 years. Israel will
praise him forevermore for this extension of mercy, especially since they had
virtually given up on ever being "the chosen people" again.
10. They have been prepared
(refined like silver) to again receive their God; that is, they have been
humbled through affliction, enough to listen to the truth.
11. The Lord states that his
reputation is at stake, if he doesn't do something to show that Israel is worthy
to be called the Lord's chosen people. No one would ever believe the true God
was on their side, based on their history, at least for the last 2000 years. Cf.
12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob,
and Israel my called,
For I am he; I am the first,
and I am also the last.
13 Mine hand hath also laid
out the foundations of the earth,
And with my right hand I have
spanned the heavens.
I call unto them and they
stand up together.
14 All ye, assemble
yourselves, and hear.
Who among them hath declared these
things unto them?
The Lord hath loved him; yea, and he will fulfill his word,
Which he hath declared by them, and he will do his pleasure
And also his mighty arm shall come down upon
15 Also saith the Lord: I the
Lord, yea I have spoken,
Yea, I called him to declare.
I have brought him,
shall make his way prosperous.
16 Come ye near unto me; I have not
spoken in secret.
From the beginning, from the time it was declared have I
And the Lord GOD, and his
Spirit, hath sent me.
17 And thus saith the LORD,
thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel,
I have sent him, the LORD thy
God who teacheth thee to profit,
Who leadeth thee by the way
thou shouldest go, hath done it.
12-13. It is really Jehovah
of old, the creator, that now speaks to Israel in the last days, and they will
14. Israel is to hear this from
the Lord's servant. God has called him to bring these words to Israel as well as
the rest of the world, and God will make sure of his success.
15. The Lord
verifies that this servant is divinely called. He also declares that he will be
successful in the restoration of Israel.
16. The Lord gave Israel this information in the very beginning and did
not keep it secret; but they have not understood it. But now,
Jehovah and the Spirit of God, meaning the Holy Ghost, has sent the servant to
declare the message of old.
17. The Lord verifies that he
has sent the "Lord's servant" to declare these things.
18 O that thou hadst hearkened
unto my commandments!
Then thy peace had been as
And thy righteousness,
As the waves on the
19 And thy seed also had been as
The offspring of thy bowels
as the gravel thereof.
His name should not have
been cut off nor destroyed from before me.
20 Go ye forth of Babylon,
flee ye from the Chaldeans,
With a voice of singing
Tell it; utter it to the ends
of the earth;
Say ye, The Lord hath
redeemed his servant Jacob,
21 And they thirsted not as he
lead them through the deserts.
He caused the water to flow
out of the rock for them.
He clave the rock, and the
waters gushed out.
22 And notwithstanding he hath
done all this,
And greater also, there is no
Saith the LORD, unto the
18-19. The Lord laments Israel's past. It could have been different if they had only listened
and obeyed long ago. Their peace (Shlm, as applicable to the coming salvation)
would have been like a river, plentiful and lasting; and their offspring
would be as abundant as the sands of the sea. Though he laments their past, this
suggests how it will be for them in the future, if they will only hear.
20. Israel is admonished to
leave the wicked world, spiritually, and come back to
Jehovah. They are to joyously declare that the Lord has redeemed Israel, his
servant Jacob, even unto the ends of the earth. All this in these latter days as
a result of the servant of the Lord.
21. Shades of Mosses, but this also holds true for the great exodus of
Israel from the wicked world of today. Again the waters (truth) gushes out of
the "rock" (Jesus Christ) to bring them out of the desert.
22. He closes with a warning
that there is no other way than righteousness, which is his way. The wicked
will not find "peace like a river" because they will still not understand.
This chapter has talked about
"the new thing," which is a revelation that will turn Israel around.
The next chapter is a high point of Isaiah, which has the "new thing"
talk to us directly; it is The Book of Job. Chapter 50 then goes on to talk
about the Lord's servant who takes this news to the Jews. From this high point,
it is break forth into singing, dance, put on thy beautiful garments, O Israel
for your salvation has come.
1 Listen, O isles,
And hearken ye people from
The LORD hath called me forth
from the womb,
From the bowels of my mother
hath he made mention of my name.
2 And he hath made my mouth
like a sharpened sword;
In the shadow of his hand
hath he hid me;
He hath made me as a polished
In his quiver hath he hid me.
3 And he said unto me,
Thou art my servant,
In whom I will be glorified.
4 Then I said, I have labored
I have spent my strength for
naught, and in vain,
Surely my justice is with the
LORD, and my work is with my God.
5 And now, saith the LORD,
that formed me from the womb that I should be his servant,
To bring Jacob again to him,
that Israel might be gathered together;
Yet shall I be glorious in
the eyes of the LORD,
And my God shall be my
Compare to 1 Nephi 21.
1. This summons
everyone, and is calling us to hear the words of someone new to Israel, but at the same time old, even since the beginning. He
tells us of his special mission to bring back Israel and the Gentiles. He is not
Israel, collectively, as in 41:8&9, nor is it the Lord's servant from the
East or from the North, as in 41:2,41:25,42:1,42:19,48:15. It is Job who is emblematic of Israel. Job speaks to us in the first person, as if
he is real. The Book of Job is an allegory hiding the thoughts of Jesus during his crucifixion. Job's
suffering and complaints are really the suffering of Jesus while he was on the
cross. It was his final trial.
2. The Lord has given Job great
power, even as a sharp sword, to defeat any arguments that arise, but he has
been hidden in the shadow of God's hand until now.
"Shadow" has been chosen carefully, as it also used to mean the same
as echo, type, prefigures, parable or allegory. Job is like a sharp sword, or
polished shaft of an arrow that can pierce a heart with a wholesome wound, to be
called forth in the fullness of time when the Lord will use him.
3. Job is the personification of Israel, even though in the allegory he is from the land of Uz.
4. From Job's creation by the
Lord "in the beginning", he soon slipped into obscurity, not to be understood for some 3000 years.
He expresses some regret for being ineffectual for so long, but he never had
doubts about his great, unused power. He is saying, "Until now, I, Job,
have labored in vain, accomplishing nearly nothing for the Lord, but now I will
be of great value to him."
5. Job, was created long ago to
bring Jacob back from exile in the wicked world of today; and now, when
"new things" come forth, Job shall become glorious in the eyes of the
Lord, to glorify God in the eyes of the whole world, Jew and Gentile.
6 He said, It is a light
That thou be my servant,
To raise up the tribes of
And to restore the preserved
I will also give thee for a
light to the Gentiles,
That thou mayest be my salvation unto all the ends of the earth.
7 Thus saith the LORD, the
Redeemer of Israel, his Holy One, even Jesus Christ,
To him whom man
despiseth, to him whom the nations
abhorreth, to servants of rulers:
shall see and arise, princes also shall worship,
because of the LORD that is faithful.
8 Thus saith the LORD, In an
acceptable time have I heard thee, O isles of the sea,
And in a day of salvation
have I helped thee, and I will preserve thee,
And give thee my servant for
a covenant of the people,
To establish the earth,
To inherit desolate
9 And to say unto the
prisoners, Go forth;
And to them that sit in
darkness, Show yourselves.
They shall feed in pastures
in high places.
10 They shall not hunger nor
Neither shall the heat of the
sun smite them;
For he that hath mercy on
them shall lead them along,
Even by the springs of water
shall he guide them along the way.
11 I will make all my
mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted.
6. But, it is not enough that
Job brings Israel back to God, he will also be used to teach the Gentiles, that
all the world will come to know the Lord and be numbered with the House of
Israel, and gain salvation.
7. The Lord declares to Job,
his servant, of what is to come. Kings will see the truth, just as the Lord's
princes shall. This means both spiritual kings and worldly kings.
8. The Lord "gives"
Job, his servant, to save ("in a day of salvation") Israel and the
Gentiles. Speaking to the people of the world (on the isles of the sea as seen
from the perspective of heaven), the Lord tells them he has given them this
servant, Job, "as a covenant," or in other words, to fulfill a covenant
made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob long ago. To establish desert heritages means
to restore all those ignorant of the true God to the truth.
9. They shall feed on the
"bread" of heaven, that will free the prisoners of the darkness; even
great truths shall they "feed" upon, in rich well watered high
pastures, even high upon the Lord's mountain.
10. They shall not hunger or
thirst for the truth any longer. Knowledge of God will be abundant and clear. No
outside influences will deter them from the truth. The Lord will lead them by
the way of clear waters---precept upon precept, line upon line.
11. The Lord's mountain will be
the way for all. It is the high road, or high way,
meaning the righteous way.
"High ways" also refer to the Lord's temples, which is an exalted way.
12 And then, O house of
Israel, behold, these shall come from far;
And lo, these, from the north
and from the west;
And these, from the land of
13 Sing, O heavens; and be
joyful, O earth;
For the feet of those in the
east shall be established.
Break forth into singing, O
mountains; for they shall be smitten no more;
For the LORD hath comforted
his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.
14 But behold, Zion hath said:
The LORD hath forsaken me;
And my Lord hath forgotten
But he will show that he hath
15 For can a woman forget her
That she should not have
compassion on the son of her womb?
Yea, they may forget, yet
will I not forget thee, O house of Israel.
16 Behold, I have graven thee
upon the palms of my hands;
Thy walls are continually
17 Thy children shall make
Against thy destroyers;
And they that made thee
Thy masters, shall go forth
18 Lift up thine eyes round
about thee and behold;
All these gather themselves
together, and shall come to thee.
And as I live, saith the
LORD, thou shalt surely clothe thee with all of them,
As with an ornament, thou
shalt bind them upon thee, even as a bride.
12. All are to come to the
Lord, even from as far away as Sinin (China), which is about as far away as
anyone can get, sort of---at least long ago.
13. With the abundance of
knowledge (cool water), the Lord's mountain will be the way, an exalted way,
Zion, the bride has said
that she has been forgotten by the Bridegroom, the Lord, but he shall show them
15. But no! The Lord cannot
forget, anymore than a mother can forget her child. Even if there is a mother
that can forget, God cannot.
16. Look, how could he forget
when the scars from the crucifixion are engraved into the palms of his hands, a
reminder of his great sacrifice for them. "Walls" is a term referring
to their safety, or of their doings, or their well-being; it is based upon safe,
fortified city walls, or the safety of their house walls, or even their tent
walls. It means, then, that Israel's well-being is continually before the Lord.
17. Israel's wicked rulers, or
rulers that simply don't know and lead others astray, will be gone.
18. The Gentiles from all over
the world will come to join the Jews, especially the missionaries with the truth,
and they should be accepted and treated as ornaments would be by a bride. These
are marvelous plays on words, since Israel is the bride of the Lord and the
Gospel is a great treasure to be put on, even a covering of the Lord.
19 For thy waste and desolate
places, the land of thy destruction,
Shall even now be too narrow
by reason of the inhabitants.
And they that swallowed thee
shall be far away.
20 The children that thou
shalt have then,
After thou hast lost the
Shall say in thine ears,
This place is too strait for
Make a place for me that I
may dwell therein.
21 Then shalt thou say in
thine heart, Who hath begotten me these,
Seeing I have lost my
children and am desolate,
A captive, and removing to
And who hath brought up
Behold, I was left alone;
These, where have they been?
22 Thus saith the Lord GOD,
I will lift up mine hand to
And set up my standard to the
people from afar,
And they shall bring thy sons
cradled within their arms,
And thy daughters shall be
carried in safety upon their shoulders.
19. The spiritual condition of Israel, that of waste and desolation, in which they have so long existed, will now be too narrow and confining for them because of their expanded
knowledge from the new light.
Israel's "swallowers," or the wicked world, will
be far away in time. This suggests the Millennium would have started, or be
20. Israel's children of the
last days, with their new light and knowledge, will desire a new place to live
because the old is to "straight" (narrow) for them, meaning they
desire to live in Zion, above the realm of Satan and his hosts, even on the
mountain of the Lord.
21. Now the people of Israel, the bride, steps forth to speak.
She was forsaken by her Bridegroom, and suffered the loss of her children, but
now she is amazed at the restoration taking place.
22. The Lord will bring about
this great change through the Gentiles. "Standard" is used the same
way "Ensign" is, and has meant God's Church, but it could also be a
pseudonym for his servant Job. In any event they will be responsible for this
great host of converts that will come to Zion---spiritual Zion, primarily.
23 And kings shall be thy
nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers.
They shall bow down low unto
thee with their face towards the earth,
And lick the dust of thy
feet, and know that I am the LORD;
For they shall not be made
ashamed that wait for me.
24 Shall a prey be taken away
from the mighty?
Or captives be freed from a
25 Thus saith the LORD,
Even the captives of the
mighty shall be taken away,
And the prey of the terrible
shall be delivered from his chains.
For I will contend with him
that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.
26 I will feed them that
oppress thee with their own flesh, their strong arm.
They shall be drunken with
their own blood, as with wine.
And all flesh shall know that
I, the LORD,
Am thy Savior and thy
The mighty One of Jacob.
23. The spiritual kings and
queens of the Lord, those who have the truth, those who bear the Priesthood of
God and have the promise to be kings and queens in the hereafter, will come to
serve Israel by bringing them the true Gospel of Jesus Christ. Those who wait
for the Bridegroom will never be ashamed.
24-25. Israel, or the Jews,
has been the captives of the mighty of the earth, and yes, they will be taken
from the wicked, to Zion. The lawful captives? Maybe lawful because the Lord
himself scattered them among the nations. They will be delivered from the jaws
of the wicked one through the intervention of Jehovah. He will save the children
26. Instead of having truth
(the bread of life) to feed on, and the living water or wine which ends ones
spiritual thirst, Israel's oppressors will have only their own flesh and wine
(man's superstitions and philosophies) to "eat and drink."
Up to this point, most of the
things are referred to in the future tense. Now it changes to be more current or
even in the past tense, as if Israel is free from the chains of the wicked world
and now follows the true God of Israel, who is Jesus. This is because Job is
what starts the change in Israel. He is Jesus as shown by the allegory of Job.
You should have had a sense of building up to a climax as we have gone along.
Learning about the Book of Job in nearly to that climax. All that is left is to
repeat what this means to all the children of Israel, and then comes the most
important verses in all the scriptures and the high point of Isaiah. That
chapter is, of course, fifty-three, which is so clearly about our Savior and his
1 Yea, for thus saith the
Have I put thee away, or cast
thee off forever?
Where is your mother's bill
of divorcement, that put her away?
To whom have I put thee away?
or to which of my creditors have I sold you?
Behold, it was for your
iniquities that ye have sold yourselves;
And for your transgressions
is your mother put away.
2 Wherefore, when I came there
was no man;
When I called, yea, none
O house of Israel,
Is mine hand shortened,
So that it cannot redeem
Or have I no power to deliver
Behold, at my rebuke I have
dried up the sea.
I make their rivers a
wilderness and their fish to stink,
Because the waters are dried
up, and they die because of thirst.
3 I clothe the heavens with
the blackness of mourning,
And I put on sackcloth for
4 The Lord GOD hath given me
the tongue of the learned,
That I should know how to
speak a word in season unto the weary.
He waketh morning by morning:
he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.
Compare to 2 Nephi 7.
1. It was not the Lord who
caused the separation between himself and Zion, the mother of Israel, to whom he
was betrothed. She put herself away by choosing other gods. But there is no
divorcement, no bill of sale, nothing to prevent her from returning. (Cf. 50:1; 54:1; 54:4-8;
57:7-9.) The Lord's promises to Israel are still in effect.
2. But when the Lord looked for
righteousness, there was no one. There was no one among them that understood.
But he still has the power to deliver, for it was he who dried up their river of
knowledge, metaphorically making them stink spiritually. He can dry up their
living waters until they thirst for knowledge.
3. The heavens have been
closed, metaphorically, from giving living waters or light, causing the
darkness. There has been no light and knowledge for the Jews through God's
prophets for a very long time. It dried up after Malachi.
4. Verse one said they were not
separated forever, even though they left the Lord. Verse two says that he took
away their knowledge and he can give it back; i.e., through the Lord's servant
who now speaks. He will bring them the Gospel of deliverance with his learned
tongue, which has gained through the teaching of the Lord. His message will be
especially for the weary of Israel. "Morning by morning" suggests that
his learning will go on and on. His ear is awakened by God to the learning just
as Israel's ear will be awakened to the knowledge that the Lord's servant
5 The Lord GOD hath opened
mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither did I turn away.
6 I gave my back to the smiter,
and my cheeks to them that pluck off hair.
I hid not my face from the
shame and spitting.
7 The Lord GOD will help me;
Therefore shall I not be
Therefore have I set my face
like a flint,
And I know I shall not be
8 He is near that justifieth
Who will contend with me?
Let us stand together.
Who is my accuser?
Let him come near to me.
9 For the Lord, the LORD will
And who is there, then, that
shall condemn me,
Behold, they shall wax old as
And the moth shall eat them
10 Who among you fears the
And obeyeth the voice of his
That walketh in darkness and
hath no light?
11 Behold all ye that kindle a
fire, yea all of you,
That encircle yourselves about
with the sparks for light,
That walk in the light of the
fire that ye yourselves have kindled,
This shall ye have of mine
hand: ye shall lie down in sorrow.
5-6. When the Lord called,
the servant responded willingly, even when he knew there would be trouble ahead.
Will the troubles be just as these verses indicate, or are these words meant to
be taken figuratively? We will have to wait for the answer to that question, to
see just how bad things will get for him. But for sure, Satan will be actively
trying to stop him. Third Nephi says that he will be "marred," which
is used quite consistently in other scriptures to mean "destroyed."
But it goes on to say that he will be healed (See 3 Nephi 21:8-10).7. The trouble that is mentioned in verses five and six suggests
that there might be many who refuse to accept this new knowledge, and try to
shame the Lord's servant. He stands firm as a piece of flint because he has
complete faith in what he does; that it is the Lord's work, and the Lord will
always be there to defend him.
8. Knowing that the Lord is
behind him, he asks who would be foolish enough to challenge him. He is ready
for such a challenge. It would be like challenging the
9. He knows the Lord would help
in this kind of situation, and that if there are any that would contend with
him, they will be summarily defeated.
10. The Lord speaks again,
asking, Who will hear the Lord's servant and obey the teachings that he brings
to them? Who will walk in the light of the Lord?
11. Now he speaks to those who
do not respond to the Lord's servant (the opposite of those in verse 10). It is
to those who wish to walk in their own light, in their own fire, which is in
opposition to the Lord's light (which the servant brings). Those of verse 10
shall lie down in green pastures, beside the still waters, safe and peaceful;
but these shall have sorrow.
1 Hearken unto me,
Ye that pursue righteousness.
Look unto the rock from
whence ye were hewn,
And to the hole of the pit
from whence ye were digged.
2 Look unto Abraham, your
father, and unto Sarah that bare you;
For I called him when he
was alone, to bless him and make him many,
3 Now the LORD shall comfort
Zion; and he will comfort all her waste
And he will make her
wilderness like Eden, and her desert like unto the
garden of the LORD.
Joy and gladness shall be
found therein, thanksgiving and the voice of
4 Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my
For the law shall proceed
forth from me,
And I will make my justice a
light for the people.
5 My righteousness is near,
and my salvation is gone forth;
The isles shall wait upon me,
and on mine arm shall they have trust.
Compare to 2 Nephi 8
1. Then look back at the example
of Abraham, the epitome of faithfulness, even a rock. Hewn
from a rock or digged from a pit, refers to the origin of all men; i.e., from
the dust, or from the earth.
2. The Lord came to Abraham,
one man, and took him out from among idol worshipers, to bless all the nations of the earth; and now, just as before there was no one to hear so he will call
on one man, the servant, to again bless all the nations of the earth.
3. Zion is as a waste place, a
spiritual desert, because there is no one there who is the Lord's. Now he says
that he will change all that to make it like his personal garden. And it will
not be just a pretty garden. There will be joyful people in this new spiritually
filled Israel. They will be joyful and glad to once again have the truth, and be
accepted and taught by Jehovah, or Jesus Christ.
4. It will be his law
(commandments and ordinances) that will cause this great change, actually it
will be their living of the laws that will bring about the change.
5. It appears that
"righteousness," is a pseudonym for the servant. Then "salvation," is a pseudonym for Jesus who has
brought salvation to all who will listen and obey. Jesus is the "arm"
of the Father. "Isles" is used to mean all the children of God who
live on this planet of water, on the isles that is. "To wait on the
Lord," is to trust that he will come, bringing salvation.
6 Lift up your eyes to the
heavens above, and look down upon the earth beneath.
The heavens shall vanish away
like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment,
And they that dwell therein
shall die in a like manner.
But my salvation shall be forever,
And my righteousness shall
not be abolished.
7 Hearken unto me, ye that
In whose heart I have written
Fear ye not the reproach of
Neither be ye afraid of their
8 For the moth shall eat them
up like a garment,
And the worm shall eat them
up like wool.
But my righteousness shall be
And my salvation, unto
9 Awake, awake! Put on
strength, O arm of the LORD,
Awake, as in ancient time, as
in the generation of old.
Art thou not he that cut
Rahab to pieces, wounding the dragon?
10 Art thou not he which dried
up the sea, the waters of the great deep,
That hath made in the depths
of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over?
11 Therefore the redeemed of
the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion.
And everlasting joy and
holiness shall be upon their heads,
And they shall obtain gladness
6. Unlike all the earth and all of its inhabitants, everything the eye can see in this world, will pass away, but God's salvation will not pass away. It is eternal, just as those
who receive it will be eternal.
7. Those who choose
righteousness in this world are not to ever fear because of what the wicked
might do to them.
8. The wicked are to pass away,
while the righteous will go on for eternities.
9. The Lord falls into the
background, while it appears that those who seek after righteousness, who would
delight in the promises of verses 2 thru 8, cry out for the Lord to commence in
this mighty change to Israel that he has been leading up to. Jehovah, as Jesus
in the flesh, is the one who dried up Satan's sea, the home of the dragon (Cf.
Rev. 21:1, Isa. 27:1). He defeated Satan (the dragon or Rahab), overcoming death
10. He, Jesus, in the image of
the Red Sea miracle, is the one who dried up the Red Sea for Israel to pass
over. This event is symbolic of the escape from the wicked world that he made
possible for all mankind. He has made a way for all God's children to pass
by/over a spiritual death. All of God's children, of course, are the ransomed.
11. Again there are two levels
of meaning: first, is the physical redemption of the State of Israel, and
second, their spiritual return to Zion/God.
12 Sorrow and mourning shall all flee away, for I am he; yea, I am he that
Behold, who art thou that thou shouldest be afraid
of a mortal that shall die,
And of the son of man which
shall be made as the grass;
13 That thou forgettest the
LORD, thy maker, who stretched forth the
And laid the foundations of
the earth; that fears continually because of his fury,
As if he were ready to
destroy? Where is the fury of the oppressor now?
14 He hasteneth that the bowed
down captives shall soon be made free,
That he should not die in the
pit, nor have his bread fail.
15 I am the LORD thy God, the
LORD of hosts is my name,
That stirs up the sea so that
its waves roar.
16 And I have put my words in
And in the shadow of mine
Have I covered thee;
That I may plant the heavens,
And lay the foundations of
And say unto Zion, Behold,
thou art my people.
17 Wake thyself, wake thyself
up, stand up, O Jerusalem,
Which hast drunk at the hand
of the LORD the cup of his fury.
Thou hast drunken the dregs
of the cup of trembling, and wrung it out.
12-13. The Lord comes forward
again, verifying: Yes, "I am he [Jehovah]. Who art thou [Israel], that
thou shouldest be afraid of [me] a mortal man that shall die, and of the son of
man [Jesus Christ], which shall be made as grass; [Who art thou] that
forgettest the LORD, thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid
the foundations of the earth [the creator]; [Who art thou] that hast feared because of the fury
of the oppressor Satan], as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury
of the oppressor [now]? [Defeated]" Son of Man is a title for Jesus Christ
that is found in the Gospels about 80 times, used by him in speaking of himself,
but never used by anyone else in speaking of him(From the L.D.S. Bible
dictionary). That is the case here. Jehovah, or Jesus Christ, is speaking of
himself. See these references using "Son Of Man," all found in
Matthew: 8:20, 9:6, 10:23, 11:19, 12:8, 12:32, 12:40, 16:13, 16:27, 16:38, 17:9,
17:12, 17:22, 18:11, 19:28, 20:18, 24:27, 24:30,24:37. See these references to
understand the oppressor: Job 3:18; Psalms 72:4; Prov. 3:31; Isa. 14:4; Jer.
21:12, 22:3, 25:38; and Zech. 9:8. Jehovah defeated Satan in the person of Jesus
Christ, when he died on the cross. He died, as the grass dies, to prove that he
was perfect, and, therefore, worthy to atone for the sins of mankind. The
oppressor? Swept away, not to be seen again.
15-16. The Lord is sovereign
over Satan and the deep. Satan and his followers can only raise a big
fuss/"waves." The Lord has put his words into Israel's mouth, to
testify against Satan and for the Lord, to bring about a new world, one worthy
to be called Zion.
17. Do you feel the climax
growing, as if this will all happen any minute? Wake up Israel from your long
drunken sleep in darkness, from your many years of suffering at the hand of the
Lord. Wake up, Israel, which has done more than just drink from the cup of the
Lord's fury, but has drained it dry. (Cf. Ezek. 23:32-34.)
18 And there is none to guide
her among all her sons that she hath brought forth,
Neither is there any to take
her by the hand of all the sons that she hath brought up.
19 But now these two sons are come
unto thee, and who shall be sorry for thee?
destruction? famine and the sword?
By whom shall I comfort
20 Thy sons have all fainted,
Save these two, they lie at the head of all the streets;
As a bull in a net, they are full of the fury of
the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.
21 Therefore hear now this, you who are afflicted and drunken, and not with
22 Thus saith thy Lord, yea, even the LORD thy God,
That pleadeth the cause of
Behold, I have taken out of thine
hand the cup of trembling,
Even the wrung out dregs of the cup of
my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again.
23 But I will put it into the hand
of them that afflict thee,
Which said to thee, Bow down,
that we may go over.
And thou hast laid thy body
As the ground,
As a street to them that went
18. Israel has no prophets from
the past to guide her (as far as she knows), to take her by the hand to lift her
up. They have become ineffectual because of ignorance.
19-20. But there are two
(prophets/"sons") that have not fainted/lost their effectiveness, who
will come to comfort her from out of the past. They are as anxious to be freed
(to give their testimony) as an antelope in a net. These two are powerful
witnesses, filled with the fury of the Lord,, (By the mouth of two witnesses
shall all truth be established. Duet. 17:6.). They are Job and Jonah.
21-23. Through the
testimonies of these "two sons," the Lord will take from Israel's hand
the cup of his fury, and give it to those who have inflicted them. The end of
your suffering has come. No more will you be walked upon by others, if they will
only hear and believe.
1 Awake, awake, and put on thy
strength, O Zion;
Put on thy beautiful
garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city;
For henceforth there shall no
more come unto thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
2 Shake thyself from the dust;
arise and sit down, O Jerusalem.
Loose thyself from the bands
of thy neck,
O captive daughter of Zion.
3 For thus saith the LORD,
Ye have sold yourselves for
And ye shall be redeemed
without any money.
4 For thus saith the Lord GOD,
My people went down afore time,
Into Egypt to sojourn there;
and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.
5 Now therefore, what is it I
have here, saith the LORD,
That my people are taken away
They that have rule over
Maketh them to howl, saith
My name continually, all day,
6 Therefore my people shall
know my name.
Yea, they shall know in that
That it is I that doth speak;
here I am.
7 Then they shall lift up
their voices with song:
How beautiful upon the
mountains are the feet of him,
That bringeth good tidings
unto them, that publisheth peace,
That bringeth good tidings of
great joy, that publisheth salvation,
That saith unto Zion, Thy God
Compare to 2 Nephi 9:1, and
to 3 Nephi 20:36-45.
1. The time has come for the
redemption of Israel, in a
2. They are to be given their
freedom; so here the image is one of a slave sitting in the dust in chains,
loosening the chains and sitting on a throne. For over 2000 years of exile they
have been treated as slaves or outcasts. Not only will they not be walked upon
anymore (from 51:23), but they shall return to their former glory.
3. Ye sold yourself for
nothing, to idols, representing the things of the world.
4. Israel had gone down to
Egypt as guests, only to wind up as slaves. Later they were sent out into the
world as exiles, and again wound up no better than slaves.
5. What the Lord has here, is
his people enslaved by a wicked world, when the world made no payment for them
as slaves; therefore their treatment was unjust.
6. This implies that conditions
will change for them as soon as they know his name, also that they haven't known
his name for a very long time; therefore, there must be another name that they
are about to learn; and that name is Jesus Christ, which is another name for
Jehovah. This is proven to them by the Book of Job, backed up by the second
7. And with song, they will
praise the feet of any of God's servants that bring them the truth, that brings
them salvation, and says: Thy God reigneth!
8 Listen, thy watchmen shall
lift up their voice,
And with their voices
together shall they sing for joy;
For they shall see eye to eye
when the LORD shall come to Zion.
9 Break forth into joy, sing
ye together, O ye waste places of Jerusalem,
For the LORD hath comforted
his people, he hath redeemed Jerusalem.
10 The LORD hath bared his
holy arm in the eyes of all the nations,
That the ends of the earth
shall see the salvation of our God.
11 Depart ye, depart ye, go ye
out from thence,
And touch not that which is
Go ye out of the midst of
Be ye clean, that bear the
vessels of the LORD.
12 For ye shall not go out
with haste, nor go out in flight,
For the LORD will go before
you, and the God of Israel will be your rearguard.
13 Behold, my servant shall be
wise; he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.
14 As many were astonished at
thee--his appearance was so marred, more than any man,
And his form more than the
sons of men.
15 So shall he sprinkle many
The kings shall shut their
mouths at him,
For what had not been told
them, shall they see,
And that which they had not
heard, shall they consider.
8. Indeed, it is a great day
and all will sing for the return of Zion.
9. It was Jesus who died for
the sins of mankind, redeeming them from a spiritual death. Nothing could be
more comforting to mankind than to know that salvation is possible.
10. This wonderful event that
is taking place is for all the world, all the earth will see, not just Israel.
Israel is to be the Lord's witness that this is true.
11. Depart from Babylon (the
world), lift yourselves up to live on the Lord's mountain, on a higher level of
life. This requires one to be clean spiritually.
12. No reason to
panic; the Lord is in control and will lead you, and
protect your back.
13. The Lord's servant will be
successful in all that the Lord expects of him.
14. It seems the Lord's servant
will bring astonishment, almost as great as Jesus brought to the world.
According to Job, Jesus' appearance was "marred" greatly by his
experiences on the cross, even more then any man. This was because he thought he
had failed and sunk to the lowest of depths of despair, enough to break his
heart. His form was reduced to bones, according to Job.
15. The Lord's servant shall
sprinkle knowledge on many nations/Gentiles. The kings, both spiritual kings and
national kings, will be astonished to receive knowledge which they had not heard
before. The astonishment will come because this knowledge has been right there
before them all the time and they failed to understand. They assumed that they
already knew all there was to know about the Bible, perhaps because they have
the Book of Mormon which is so clear and seems to be sufficient by itself. But
this confidence has resulted in a terrible waste of the Old Testament. How could
it be when Jesus himself admonished, commanded, that we study Isaiah, saying
that great are the words of Isaiah?
1 Who hath believed our
report, and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
2 For he shall grow up before
him as a tender plant, as a root out of dry ground.
He hath no form nor
comeliness that we should look at him,
And no appearance that we
should notice him.
3 He is despised and rejected;
A man of sorrows,
And acquainted with
Like one from whom men hide
He was despised, and we
esteemed him as nothing.
4 Surely he has borne our
grief, and carried our sorrows,
Yet we did esteem him as
stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
5 But he was wounded for our
transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities.
The chastisement of our peace
was placed on him, and with his stripes we are healed.
6 We all like sheep have gone
astray; we have turned every one to his own way,
And the LORD hath laid upon
him the iniquity of us all.
Compare to Mosiah 14.
This remarkable chapter tells
us exactly what we should all be singing praises about; that Jesus has suffered
and died for our benefit; that he has paid for our sins and saved us from a
spiritual death. Eight times (4,5,6,8,10,11,12) this chapter tells us the reason
that Jehovah came down in the flesh to suffer and die----to bring the people
salvation, by taking upon himself the punishment for their sins. (Cf. Matt.
2. Jesus came as a tender shoot
(a baby), growing out from the dying root of a felled giant (Davidic line). This
says that he didn't have the stately appearance of a king, although he was.
There was nothing about his person to indicate his royalty, that he was in the
line of King David or that he was the Messiah and the Son of God. "Dry
ground" refers to the spiritual condition of his time.
3. Keil-Delitzsch say the
"men" in this verse means, men of distinction, men of rank, which
would refer to the apostles that forsook him when he was arrested. It most
likely also means the Jewish leaders of his day. Jesus knew sorrow and grief to
the extreme degree, enough that it broke his heart and caused his death. It
happened because he didn't know that God, the Father, was going to
"forsake" him, and that his death wouldn't come quickly; this caused
him to come to the conclusion that he had failed as the Messiah and was being
punished for it (See Introduction to Job).
4. The Jews thought Jesus'
suffering was deserved, but now they confess to know he suffered for their
sins---suffering which was inflicted by God, but through their hands.
5. He was wounded, bruised, and
chastised for their sins, for their peace/salvation. The word "peace"
comes from the word "shalom" in Hebrew, and means much more. It means
a condition of salvation brought about by healing, which the next line explains
has come to them as a result of his stripes/suffering, and death.
7 He was oppressed, and he was
Yet he opened not his mouth.
He is brought like a lamb to
And as a sheep before her
shearers is silent, he openeth not his mouth.
8 He was taken from prison and
Who considered it in his
He was cut off from the land
of the living,
For the transgression of my
people was he stricken.
9 And he made his grave with
And with the rich, in his
Because he had done no evil,
Nor was there deceit in his
10 Yet it pleased the LORD to
For transgression he hath put
him to grief.
When he shall make his soul
an offering for sin,
He shall see his seed, and he
shall prolong his days,
And the pleasures of the LORD
shall prosper in his hands.
11 He shall see the travail of
his soul, and shall be satisfied.
By his knowledge shall my
righteous servant justify many;
For he shall bear the heavy
burden of their iniquities.
12 Therefore will I divide his
portion with the great.
And he shall divide the spoil
with the strong,
Because he poured out his
soul unto death:
Was numbered with the
And he bare the sins of many,
And made intercession,
7. The image of
an obedient lamb following the shepherd is quite descriptive. He opened not his
mouth (Matt. 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:2-5; John 18:28:38).
8. Jesus was taken from prison and tried before the Sanhedrin. His trial was the epitome of injustice as it violated every law of his time. John the Baptist "declared it in his
generation," which is suggested by the play on words, "cut off," referring to John's head. Oppression and persecution, lacking any justice, was Jesus' lot.
9. He was crucified beside two criminals (Matt. 27:38; Luke 23:32; John 19:18). He was buried in
a borrowed tomb of a rich man (Matt. 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56;
10. Yet in the face of his pure
innocence, God was pleased that Jesus accepted this injustice.
11. It is through his
knowledge, being the greatest of all in the flesh, that he was able to complete
the Atonement. Through his Atonement we may be justified before God the Father,
meaning being made clean of our sins. Our sins will have been accepted and paid
for by Jesus, if we have sincerely repented, which the scriptures admonish us to
do on nearly every page.
12. His reward will be great
because of his great sacrifice for us. He died for our transgressions, and
becomes our intercessor before the Father. This is exactly opposite to Satan,
who continually accuses us before the Father (Rev. 12:10---"the accuser of our brethren is
cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.")
1 Sing, O barren, thou that
didst not bear, break forth into singing;
And cry aloud, thou that
didst not travail with child;
For more are the children of
Than the children of the
Saith the LORD.
2 Enlarge the place of thy
Stretch forth the curtains of
Spare not, lengthen thy
cords, and strengthen thy stakes;
3 For thou shalt break forth
on the right hand, and on the left hand.
Thy seed shall inherit the
Gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited.
4 Fear not, for thou shalt not
be ashamed, nor shalt thou be confounded;
For thou shalt not be put to
shame by me any longer,
And thou shalt forget the
shame of thy youth;
And thou shalt not remember
the reproach of thy youth,
And shalt not remember the
reproach of thy widowhood any more.
5 For thy Maker is he who
espouses thee, the LORD of hosts is his name;
And thy Redeemer, the Holy
One of Israel---The God of all the earth is he called.
6 For the LORD called thee
back as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit,
As a wife of youth, when thou
wast refused, saith thy God.
7 For a small moment have I
But now with great mercies
will I gather thee back.
8 In overflowing wrath I hid
my face from thee for a little moment,
But with everlasting kindness
will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.
Compare to 3 Nephi 22
1. This chapter is addressed to Jerusalem, which is emblematic of Israel, not in a nationalistic sense but in a spiritual sense. It is Israel that tried to give birth to a righteous
nation (Zion) but failed. Now Israel's children (the Jews, and the wife) are more plentiful than they were before Jehovah (the bridegroom) scattered them all over the world. The
children of the desolate refers to the descendants of Israel that have not known Jehovah.
2-3. Because of all the children that are to "gather," Israel is to grow, both nationally and spiritually, far beyond the old borders. (3b) This line explains that the
Gentiles will be responsible for changing Israel from a desolate condition to one of spiritual richness (of men), changing the beasts of the desolation (See note 46:8) into "men."
4. Israel is to forget the past and their shame, because now there is going to be a change that will be so glorious that the past shame will
5-6. Jehovah, thy Creator, is reclaiming his bride, Israel. It has been
two thousand years since Israel went after other gods, causing the Lord to hide
7. To the Lord it has been only a small moment since he sent her away.
8. These lines recap the previous lines, emphasizing that the relationship between
Jehovah and Israel is changed for the good of Israel, foreverlasting.
9 For this is like the waters of Noah unto me;
For as I swore the waters should no more go over the earth,
So now have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.
10 For the mountains may depart, and the hills may be removed,
But my unfailing love shall not depart from thee;
Nor shall my covenant of peace be removed,
Saith the LORD, that hath compassion upon thee.
11 O thou afflicted, tossed by tempest, and not comforted,
Behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colors:
I will lay thy foundations with sapphires;
12 I will make thy windows of agates,
And thy gates of carbuncles,
And all thy borders of precious stones.
13 And all thy children shall be taught of the LORD,
And great shall be the peace of thy children.
14 In righteousness shalt thou be established.
Thou shalt be far from oppression,
For thou shalt not fear;
And from terror, for it shall not come near.
15 Behold, if it gathers together against thee, it is not by me.
Whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall down for thy sake.
16 Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals of the fire,
And that bringeth forth an instrument for his work:
I have created the waster to destroy;
17 But no weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper,
And every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn.
This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD,
And their righteousness is of me,
Saith the LORD.
9-10. The Lord announces that
he is making a covenant with them, and he swears that like the covenant of Noah,
that nothing like the exile would ever happen again. This means, of course, that
Israel will never chase after false gods again.
11-12. Figuratively, the Lord
of light will build Jerusalem or Israel on a foundation of precious stones,
which means on a foundation of treasures, even hidden treasures, which means
great spiritual riches of knowledge---a sure foundation of truth.
14. Israel is to be made more
glorious then ever before, based on righteousness. When people live so
righteously they have nothing to fear from Satan, as he will have no power over
15. Never again will any nation
come up against Israel and succeed in destroying them, especially
like Assyria or Babylon which were instruments in the hand of the Lord.
16. Satan, who stirs things up,
is a creation of God's in a sense. He will not be able to turn Israel away from
the truth again.
17. This concludes by saying
that the people of Israel are now servants of the Lord, that their salvation has come
due to their righteousness.
1 Ho every one that thirsteth,
come ye to the waters.
And all ye that hath no
money, come ye, and buy, and eat;
Yea, come, and buy wine and
milk without money and without price.
2 Wherefore do ye spend money
for that which is not bread,
And your labor for that which
Hearken diligently unto me,
And eat ye of that which is
And let your soul delight
itself in fatness.
3 Incline your ear, and come
unto me; hear, and your soul shall live,
And I will make an
everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.
4 Behold, I have given him for
a witness to the people,
As a leader and commander to
5 Behold, thou shalt call a
That thou knowest not,
And nations that knew not
Shall run unto thee because
of the LORD thy God,
And for the Holy One of
Israel; for he hath glorified thee.
6 Seek ye the LORD while he
may be found, call ye upon him while he is near.
1. This is addressed to all
those who have come to listen because of their faith in the promises made in
previous chapters. They are spiritually thirsty for the living waters, which is
truth and knowledge from God---knowledge that will take them to eternal
salvation with God. The only cost is the personal effort to learn, and then to
obey. God has given us everything we need to find the way, but we must go find
it. Wine and milk means the same thing as living water; i.e., truth and
knowledge about God and his ways. (Cf. 2 Nephi 26:25.)
2. He asks: Why have you spent
your time and money on false things of the world? We should "harken"
to his words, which means we should study his words. They have already been
said, so there is no reason to expect more. There is an abundance of truth
available, which is referred to here as fatness. It means treasures of truth of
the richest kind. It is bread from heaven, which will satisfy our spiritual
3. Don't expect him to speak
any other words. We are to listen to his written words. "If you will only
listen to this knowledge," implies that you must also do what is learned.
Then you shall live. Jehovah makes the same promises now, that he made to David
of old. God stands behind this covenant, still.
4-5. This must be speaking to
the Lord's servant that we have seen so many times. He is to call a nation that
he does not know, namely Israel, but many others will see and believe and join
Zion. It is the work of Jehovah, but accomplished through his servant.
6. This verse goes back to
speaking to all those addressed in verse one, repeating the same idea; i.e.,
come and learn.
7 Let the wicked forsake his
way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts.
Let him turn unto the LORD,
and he will have mercy upon him;
And to our God, for he will
8 For my thoughts are not your
Neither are your ways my
ways, saith the LORD.
9 For just as the heavens are
so much higher than the earth,
So are my ways higher than
your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.
10 For as the rain cometh
down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither,
But watereth the earth, and
maketh it bring forth and bud,
That it may give seed to the
And bread to the eater;
11 So shall my word be,
That goeth forth of my mouth;
It shall not return unto me
But it shall accomplish that
which I please,
And it shall prosper in the
thing whereto I sent it.
12 For ye shall go out with
joy, and be led forth with peace;
The mountains and the hills
shall break forth before you in singing,
And all the trees of the
field shall clap their hands.
13 Instead of the thorn shall
come up the fir tree,
And instead of the brier
shall come up the myrtle tree.
And it shall be to the LORD for a
name, for an everlasting sign,
That it shall not be cut off.
This adds to the ideas of
verse three. It is the next step after learning God's laws and ordinances and
statutes. We are to do away with the sinful ways and follow the ways of
Jehovah---what we have learned.
8. God's ways are not man's
ways, and man must look to God to find the way, and not to the wisdom of the
9. It seems foolish to think
that man could ever get anywhere without God, let alone put words in his mouth
like so many of the world have done.
10-11. These verses likens
the waters from the clouds to the words of God. That they are both sprinkle
down from the heavens for the benefit of man. This analogy is used to a very
great extent in all of the Old Testament as we have seen many times before
12. Mountains and hills and
trees are again used to represent people. They are the spiritually great people
who have brought you this knowledge, and as we will soon learn, and very
clearly, they are the Gentiles that have the truth. They are "before
you" and will celebrate your return to Jehovah with singing and clapping.
13. The unbelievers (thorns and
briers), will also become great trees, both fir and myrtle trees, when they
1 Thus saith the LORD, Keep ye
justice and do righteousness;
For my salvation is near to
come, and my righteousness to be revealed.
2 Blessed is the man that
doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it,
That keepeth the Sabbath from
polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.
3 Neither let the son of the
stranger that hath joined himself to the LORD speak,
Saying, The LORD hath utterly
separated me away from his people;
Neither let the eunuch say,
Behold, I am a dry tree.
4 For thus saith the LORD unto
the eunuchs that keep my Sabbaths,
That choose the things that
please me, and take hold of my covenant,
5 Even unto them will I give
in mine house, and within my walls,
A place and a name better
than of sons and of daughters;
I will give them an everlasting
name that shall not be cut off.
6 And also to the sons of the
stranger, that join themselves to the LORD,
To serve him, and to love
the name of the LORD, and to be servants unto him;
To every one that keeping the
Sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant,
7 Even them will I bring to my holy
mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer.
Their burnt offerings and
their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar,
For mine house shall be
called an house of prayer for all people.
1. The commandment: We are to KEEP the commandments and
DO righteousness, not just believe in him and produce no works. If we do keep
his commandments and do righteousness then the Atonement, which brought (or
bought) mercy for us can come into play to give us salvation. Cf. James 2:22-25;
2. This verse emphasizes and
clarifies verse one. He that doeth will be blessed with salvation.
The Lord states it directly. Blessed is the man that does right, that keeps my
law, that keeps the Sabbath, and that does no evil. Salvation is near for those
that do these things.
3. A stranger to the Jews is a
foreigner, anyone outside the House of Israel. This says all will be welcomed if
they will DO right; i.e., those who have been outside the House of Israel can be
part of it if they will only keep God's commandments as given to Israel. Then to
clarify his point, he goes on to include the eunuch who has always been an
outcast in Jewish society. All are acceptable and "chosen," if they
keep his commandments, even if physically not perfect, or regardless of race.
(Cf. Matt. 21:7 to Matt. 21:13.)
4-5. Whether a person has children or not, the Lord promises him
something better than children. They are to receive it within the walls of his
house, in his Holy Temple. This speaks of the Temple Endowment that is received
in the House of the Lord through the Holy Priesthood.
6. This verse closes out the
thought started in verse three. That the stranger is also welcome to listen and
change his ways, to keep the commandments of Jehovah.
7. Everyone who keeps the
Sabbath and does righteousness will be included among his chosen people and
eligible for salvation. "My holy mountain" is paralleled with
"house of prayer." This means the Holy Temple. It is the same as
"high way" as we have already seen.
8 The Lord GOD which gathereth
in the outcasts of Israel saith,
Yet will I gather others to him, beside
those that are gathered unto him.
9 All ye beasts of the field,
come to devour,
Yea, all ye beasts in the
10 His watchmen are all blind;
They are all ignorant;
They are dumb dogs,
They cannot bark;
Loving to slumber.
11 Yea, they are greedy dogs,
Dogs which can never have
And they are shepherds that
They all look to their own
way, for his own gain, and his own advantage.
12 Come ye, say they, let us
fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink;
For tomorrow shall be as this
day, and much more abundant.
8. This verse is quite clear,
and is not to be passed over lightly because it is the subject of the rest of
this chapter; i.e., gathering in all God's children.
9. Others see this as an
invitation to the heathen to come into Israel to sack and "devour" the
wicked. But it is not. It is a parallel statement to verse eight. "Beasts
of the field" are those that have not found God and changed their wicked
ways; they are part of that field that is "white, ready to harvest."
They are invited to come and "eat" of the "bread," which
comes down from heaven. Then they will also become men instead of beasts. "Beasts of the
forest" means the same thing. They are also the wicked that are among us,
that is, among the trees that bear good fruit. See note of 46:8.
10. The Lord has been inviting
the wicked to come unto him, so "his watchmen" has to mean the Lord's
opponents, or in other words Satan and his helpers, whether they be in the flesh
of not. Then, Satan's watchmen, who are supposed to be on guard watching to
bring down the righteous of the flock, are not of any value. Besides being ignorant of
any truth, this suggests that part of the problem is their laziness. They are
quite satisfied with their spiritual condition, desiring nothing more. They will
not heed the warnings or the promises because it would take effort. These lines
suggest that it is easy to escape from Satan, or worldly things, if one really
11. Being greedy and not satiated,
suggests that they choose the carnal things of life, that which is immediately
obtainable, without any regard to the consequences or the future, long term.
Satan and his followers, unlike the "true shepherd," do not care for
"the flock" and cannot understand such behavior. They are only
interested in themselves. They see no end to their ways, which are
"easy" ways, without any law.
12. Their ignorance is
displayed in their attitude of uncaring and self-indulgence, thinking
that all is well and will never be any different. It is the mentality similar
to that of those living on handouts, never thinking that the handouts
will come to an end.
1 The righteous perisheth, but
no man layeth it to heart;
And merciful men are taken
away, none considering,
The righteous is taken from the
evil to come.
2 He shall enter into peace;
They shall rest in their
Each one walking in his uprightness.
3 But draw hither, ye sons of
The offspring of the
adulterer and of the whore.
4 Against whom do ye make sport, and whom are ye mocking?
Against whom make ye a
wide mouth, and put out your tongue?
Are ye not children of
transgression, a seed of falsehood,
5 Inflaming yourselves with
idols under every green tree,
Slaying children in the valleys under
6 Among the smooth river stones is thy portion.
They, they are thy lot; but even to them,
Hast thou poured out a drink offering,
And hast offered a meat offering.
Should I be appeased with these?
1-2. Sometimes the righteous are taken by the Lord, so that
they will not have to suffer the terrible events that are to come. The righteous
shall have their peace, salvation, in the image of lying beside still waters,
bedding down in safety.
3. But Israel, who has been so
wicked, is to draw near and listen carefully. Their sins have been most grievous
to draw criticism this strong from the Lord. It means they are, in effect,
4-5. The Lord sees them as
completely disrespectful, even sassy to the extent of jeering and openly
mocking him. They have been inflaming themselves in sexual orgies before their
idols, which are in groves of trees in high places. They also sacrificed their own children in fires in the fashion of the
wicked Canaanites. This behavior might be explained to some extent by reviewing
the Old Testament and taking everything literally. With eyes that are blind and
ears that cannot hear, it is understandable how they could misread things and
degenerate spiritually to such a level; e.g., God says he is the rock, and he
does so many times; Abraham was commanded to sacrifice his son. The Lord's
mountain is used many times to represent a higher spiritual plane, and could be
taken literally to mean that he is on the mountains or is the mountains. Cf.
6. Instead of being in a high
place on the Lord's mountain with other rocks, speaking spiritually, they will
be at the very bottom with the troubled, ever stirred up, stones of the river.
They have even worshiped the smooth stones of the river .
7 Upon a high mountain hast
thou set up thy bed,
Even thither wentest thou up
to offer thy sacrifice.
8 Behind the doors also and the posts
hast thou set up thy symbols,
For thou hast discovered
thyself to another than me, and art gone up.
Thou hast enlarged thy bed,
and made thee a covenant with them.
Thou lovedst their bed where
thou sawest nakedness.
9 And thou wentest to Molock
And didst increase thy
Thou didst send messengers far off,
And didst debase thyself even
10 Thou art wearied in the excessiveness of thy ways,
Yet saidst thou not, There is
Thou hast found new strength; therefore thou wast not grieved.
11 And of whom hast thou been
afraid, that thou hast lied, and hast not remembered me,
Nor laid it to thy heart? Have not I held my peace even of
old, and thou fearest me not?
12 I will declare thy
righteousness and thy works; for they shall not profit thee.
13 When thou criest, let
thy companies of idols come forth to deliver thee;
But a wind shall carry them
all away, a breath will take them away.
But he that putteth his trust
in me shall possess the land,
And shall inherit my holy
8. "Behind the doors and
posts" makes reference to the fact that they now do just the opposite as they
should. They were taught to put up remembrance of him on the front of the door
post when they were in Egypt. Now as evidence that they follow another God, in
rebellion, they do something different. They love their wicked way.
9. They looked far and wide for
other ways to debase themselves, and the bed that they choose was one of
whoredom, not one of peace and safety (Cf. Verse 2)
10-11. This seems to jump forward in time, to today. Their
wicked ways have become tiring and common place for them, but they still hold
out hope they are right. It seems strange that Jehovah would ask the question,
Have I turned my face away to long? when only he knows the answer.
12. He will expose what they
think is righteousness, and thy works (or the lack of) and show them the truth.
13. They are not going to like
what they hear (v12), but he challenges them to bring forth their idols to prove him
wrong. But their idols are nothing but wind, and a mere whisper of wind will
blow them all away.
14 And it shall be said,
Cast ye up, cast ye up,
prepare the way;
Take up the stumbling block
out of the way of my people.
15 For thus saith the high and
lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is holy.
I dwell in the high and holy
place, with him of a contrite and humble spirit,
To revive the spirit of the
humble, and the heart of the contrite ones.
16 For I will not contend forever, neither will I be always wroth,
For the spirit should fail before me,
And the souls which I have made.
17 For the iniquity of his
greed was I wroth;
And I smote him, and hid my face and was wroth,
But he went on frowardly in
the way of his own heart.
18 I have seen his ways and
will heal him; I will lead him also,
And restore comforts unto
him, and to all the mourners in Israel.
19 I create the fruit of the
lips: Peace, peace, to him that is far off;
And also to him that is near,
saith the LORD, and I will heal him.
20 But the wicked are like the troubled sea when it cannot rest,
Whose waters cast up mire and
21 There is no peace, saith my
God, to the wicked.
14. Cast up the way, or prepare
the way, means to cast up a temple and the truth. Stumbling blocks are Satan's
many lies or false beliefs that he has given mankind to lead them away from the
15. It is Jehovah who speaks.
16. Jehovah says that he will
not contend with wicked Israel forever, that doing so might do irreversible
17. Jehovah says that he tried
to turn them but they would not. Again He says he has hidden himself from
Israel. "Froward" means: Stubbornly contrary and disobedient:
18. The Lord says that he will
turn them. Evidently because they will listen now.
19. The "fruit of the
lips" is the praises of thanksgiving that men give to the Lord. Peace is
the great gift of Jesus. See John 14:27, 16:33, 20:19, 20:21, 20:26, Romans
15:33. When people come near to Jesus by repenting, he will heal them, and bring
20-21. But the wicked will
get no rest/peace. This is a similar image as that of the smooth stones in the
river of verse six.
1 Cry aloud, spare not; lift
up thy voice like a trumpet,
And show my people their
And the house of Jacob their
2 Yet they seek me daily,
And delight to know my ways,
As if a nation doing
And forsaking not the
ordinances of God.
They ask of me for the
ordinances of justice,
And they take great delight
in approaching to God.
3 Wherefore have we fasted,
say they, and thou seest not?
Wherefore do we afflict our
soul, and thou takest no knowledge?
Behold, in the day of your
fast ye find pleasure, and oppress workers.
4 Behold, ye fast for strife
and debate, and to smite with a fist of wickedness.
Ye shall not do such a fast
as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.
5 Is it such a fast that I have
chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul?
Is it to bow down his head as
a bulrush, to spread sackcloth and ashes?
Wilt thou call this a fast,
and an acceptable day to the LORD?
1. This is possibly a
commandment to the Lord's servant, but the Lord goes on to do what he has
commanded, and explains their errors himself.
2. But even in error, the Lord
says that they are energetic and have a great desire to worship him. Perhaps
this is part of the reason that he is now going to forgive them and gather them
back to himself.
3. They know fasting is the
correct thing to do, and even approved of in the eyes of the Lord, but they
don't know why their fasting hasn't been effective. They don't understand that
God has withdrawn from them, and for a very long time, in their eyes. They have
lost the true spirit of the fast and seek after pleasures. They still pursue
their work, and oppress those that serve them.
4. This suggests that their
fasting makes them irritable, accomplishing little else.
5. The Lord suggests that a
fast is much more than the physical discomfort from not eating, or of putting
on a show of humility.
6 Is not this the kind of fast
that I have chosen:
To loose the bands of
To undo the heavy burdens,
And to let the oppressed go
And that ye breaketh every kind of yoke?
7 Is it not to share thy bread
with the hungry,
And bring the poor that are
cast out into thy house?
And when thou seest the naked
one, that thou covereth him;
And that thou hide not thyself from
thine own flesh?
8 Then shall thy light break
forth as the morning,
And thy health shall spring
Thy righteousness shall go
And the glory of the LORD
shall be thy rearward.
9 Then shalt thou call, and
the LORD shall answer.
Thou shalt cry, and he shall
say, Here I am!
If thou put away from the
midst of thee the yoke,
The putting forth of the
finger, and of speaking evil;
10 And if thou draw out thy
soul to the hungry,
And satisfy the afflicted
Then shall thy light rise
And thy darkness be as the
brightness of noon day.
6-7. An acceptable fast in
the eyes of the Lord is one done along with charitable acts. This suggests that
if we desire the Lord's approval and companionship through fasting, that the
way to do it is to mimic the kinds of the things the Lord does. One cannot read
this without thinking of Moroni 7:47 , which says that charity is the pure love
of Christ. It is a very prominent character trait of Jesus.
8. To fast in this manner will
lead to salvation, and never to have any fear.
9 (c). See verse six to see
that the yoke is a yoke of oppression; so it means to cease your oppression of
9 (d). Putting forth of the
finger is to point at those judged lower than yourself. In our time, putting
forth the finger is a vulgar expression that really means the same thing.
Surely, the Lord means both, since it is not a brotherly thing to do and these
verses are spelling out the need to love our fellow man.
10. This verse asks us to be
charitable and forgiving of our fellow man. As the scriptures say (paraphrasing), If
you don't have charity, then all else is a waste.
11 And the LORD shall guide
And satisfy thy soul in
And make strong thy bones.
Thou shalt be like a watered
And like a spring of water,
whose waters fail not.
12 And they that be of thee
shall build the old waste places,
And thou shalt raise up the
foundations of many generations.
And thou shalt be called, The
repairer of the breach,
And, The restorer of paths
with places to dwell.
13 If thou turn away thy foot
from the Sabbath,
From doing thy pleasure on my
And call the Sabbath a delight,
The holy of the LORD,
And shalt honor him,
Not doing thine own ways,
Nor finding thine own
Nor the speaking of thine own
14 Then thou shalt
delight thyself in the LORD,
And I will cause thee to
ride upon the high places of the earth,
And feed thee with
the heritage of Jacob thy father;
For the mouth of the LORD
hath spoken it.
11. "Whose waters fail
not," means, whose knowledge fails not, that they will not be found to be
wrong. To make "thy bones fat" is to make a desolate person spiritual.
It is the same thing Ezekiel describes when he says "them dry bones"
will put on flesh and sinew and begin to breathe (Ezek. 37).
12. This is still talking
primarily, and figuratively, of people being rebuilt, a generation which will be
the beginnings of many righteous generations.
13-14.. "To turn away
your foot" is to turn away from worldly things. Keeping the Sabbath day
holy is used here to symbolize keeping all of Jehovah's laws. It is probably the
most outward and distinguishing thing about the followers of Jehovah in the eyes
of outsiders. Keeping the Sabbath Day holy is a beginning. Not only will you
delight in the Lord, but you will be, figuratively, on the Lord's high mountain, even
1 Behold, the LORD'S hand is
not shortened that it cannot save,
Neither is his ear heavy
that it cannot hear.
2 But your iniquities have separated between you and your God,
And your sins have hid his
face from you, that he will not hear.
3 For your hands are defiled
with blood, and your fingers with iniquity.
Your lips have brought forth
lies, and your tongue hath muttered perverseness.
4 None calleth for
justice, nor did any plead for truth.
They trust in vanity, and
They conceive mischief, and
bring forth iniquity.
5 They hatch cockatrice' eggs,
and weave the spider's web.
He that eateth of their eggs
dieth, and that which is crushed,
Breaketh out into a viper.
6 Their webs shall not become
Neither shall they cover
themselves with their works.
Their works are works of
iniquity; the act of violence is in their hands.
1. This continues the order given in 58:1, to tell Israel what their sins have been. It is apparent to all that Israel's relationship to God is not what it once was, but it is not
because God has changed. He, we know, is the same yesterday, today, and tomorrow. He has seen, and he has heard, regardless of how it seems.
2.The change in their relationship with God is solely because of their iniquities. Although he says that he has turned away from them because of their sins, in a real sense they have
separated themselves from him. God has accused them of rejecting him over and over in Isaiah, accusing them of chasing after false gods. It was only then that he turned away.
3-4. They are guilty of both words and deeds.
5. What they do destroys people, which is expressed here in the image of them producing offspring of harmful, poisonous creatures.
6. And just as clothing can be made from silken strands of spider's webs, the Lord points out that such foul clothing will never cover their sins or be of any use, as the covering of
the Lord will be. This also suggests that our works contribute to the covering of the Lord that covers our sins. Part of those works would certainly be repentance, which requires us to
change our ways. Then the covering of the Lord would come into play, through mercy.
See 22:7; 25:7-8; 29:1; 61;10; 64:6; Zech.3:3.
7 Their feet run to
evil; and they make haste to shed innocent blood.
Their thoughts are thoughts
of iniquity; wasting and destruction are in their paths.
8 The way of peace they know
not; and there is no judgment in their goings.
They have made their pathways
crooked for themselves;
Whosoever goeth therein shall
not know peace.
9 Therefore is judgment far
from us, neither doth justice overtake us.
We wait for light, but behold
obscurity; for brightness, but we walk in darkness.
10 We grope for the wall like
the blind, and we grope as if we had no eyes.
We stumble at noonday as in
the night, in desolate places as dead men.
11 We all roar all like bears, and mourn sore like doves;
We look for judgment, but there is none;
For salvation, but it is far from us.
12 For our transgressions are multiplied before thee,
And our sins testify against us;
For our transgressions are with us.
As for our iniquities, we do know them:
13 In transgressing and lying against the LORD,
Departing from our God, speaking oppression and revolt,
Conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood.
14 Judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off,
For truth is fallen down in the street, and equity cannot enter in.
15 Yea, truth faileth, and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey.
The LORD saw it, and it was displeasing in his eye that there was no judgment.
7-8. They have been a very wicked people.
9 This suggests that at least some know that they are in apostasy, that the Lord has been missing for many years.
10. The Jews have the prayer wall, which surely, Isaiah is referring to here. They grope for God not knowing that their ways are not the right way to approach God. This suggests that
"light" is available, but they just can't see it.
11. They complain like an
irritable bear, and cry like a dove, which suggests that they know something is
wrong, that the promises of the scriptures is not yet theirs.
12-15. They speak for
themselves, and seem to know what the problem is.
16 And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no
Therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness,
it sustained him.
17 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate; and also an helmet of salvation upon his head;
And he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was
clad with zeal as a cloak.
18 According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his
Recompense to his enemies: to the islands he will repay recompense.
19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west,
And his glory from the rising of the sun.
For he shall come in like a flood,
Driven by the wind of the Lord.
20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion,
And unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob.
21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD:
My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth,
Shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed,
Nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD,
From henceforth and forever.
16. Even though these lines
seem to apply primarily to Israel, Israel is emblematic for all mankind. So what
is said to Israel applies to all mankind also. The Lord God himself became
intercessor for all mankind, bringing them salvation through his righteousness,
meaning his sinlessness while in the flesh.
17. Righteousness was at the
heart of Jesus. Salvation for all men was on his mind. He was filled with
vengeance toward Satan, to take back what was lost to sin. He was filled with
zeal to accomplish his goal, which was to bring all mankind salvation.
18. According to the deeds or
sins of each of us, will he pay (has paid). Justice and death are his enemies;
justice, because it requires that we pay for our sins, and in his great love for
us he desires that we need not have to do it. It is justice and death that he
has overturned or defeated directly. Indirectly he has defeated Satan, who has
tried to destroy all of us by causing us to follow falsehoods and to do wrong.
Here, his burning wrath is revealed to be against sin, in love, in behalf of us.
The islands mean the earth, as we have seen before (See 23:1).
19. They will "fear"
(respect and honor) the Lord, "when he comes in like a flood"----This is
the linking words used throughout Isaiah to refer to the missionaries who will
bring the "vengeance" of the Lord, which will be salvation for those who repent.
Lines c and d are in agreement with the New International Version and the
21. Israel is never again to be
"exiled" from the Lord, or lose the true Gospel. This verse stands as
the very best evidence that the book of Isaiah really applies to the last days,
and not just to the exiles in Babylon as this had not happened yet.
1 Arise, shine, for thy light
is come, the glory of the LORD has risen upon thee.
2 For behold, darkness
shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people,
But the LORD shall arise, and
his glory shall be seen upon thee.
3 And the Gentiles shall come to
And kings to the
brightness of thy rising.
4 Lift up thine eyes round
about and see;
All they gather themselves
together; they come to thee:
Thy sons shall come from far; thy daughters shall come upon
5 Then thou shalt see,
and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged,
Because the abundance of the
sea shall be converted unto thee;
The wealth of the Gentiles
shall come unto thee.
6 The multitude of camels
shall cover thee,
The dromedaries of Midian and
All they from Sheba shall
They shall bring gold
And they shall show forth the
praises of the LORD.
1. "Arise and shine"
means for Israel to come forth and begin to shine spiritually, especially in the
eyes of the Lord, even to shine forth with a righteous continence.
2. This verse repeats and adds
to verse one. They are to shine forth now, after being in the darkness for two
thousand years. Now they will return to righteous ways.
3. These Gentiles are not just
Gentiles in the general sense, but the Gentiles that have the Gospel of Jesus
Christ. It will be their
missionaries that will bring the truth (Cp. V5). The truth and their acceptance
of it is what will make Israel shine.
4. Those who gather and come
with the "light" are the Gentiles of verse three. They are Israel's
sons and daughters through adoption, if not directly through the blood lines of
the ten tribes, such as the tribe of Ephraim.
5. Then "thou"
(Israel) "shall see" (understand), and flow together with the Gentiles
that bring the truth. The exiled have been lost among the
world, which is to say, scattered in the sea (darkness of the deep) with the
others that await conversion to the true church. An "abundance of the
sea," means the many that have been converted from Satan's realm, or those
who bring the truth, even the "fishers of men." The Jews will be
caught ("converted") to the truth by the "wealth of the
Gentiles." "Forces of the Gentiles is changed to read "Wealth of the
Gentiles" in both the New International Version and the Revised Standard
6-7. In the image of long
caravans of supply across the desert, all of the spiritual riches of "gold
and incense" (truth and knowledge) of the Gentiles shall come to thee.
7 All the flocks of Kedar
shall be gathered together unto thee,
And all the rams of Nebaioth
shall minister unto thee.
They shall come with
acceptance on mine altar,
And I will glorify the house
of my glory.
8 Who are these that fly as a
As the doves to their windows?
9 Surely the isles shall wait
And the ships of Tarshish first,
to bring thy sons from far,
Their silver and their gold
with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God,
And to the Holy One of
Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
10 And the sons of strangers
shall build up thy walls,
And their kings shall
minister unto thee.
For in my wrath I smote thee,
But in my favor have I had
mercy on thee.
11 Therefore thy gates shall
be open continually;
They shall not be shut day
That men may bring into
The wealth of the Gentiles;
And that their kings may be
12 For the nation or kingdom
that will not serve thee shall perish,
Yea, all those nations shall
be utterly laid to waste.
8. Those that come, come
swiftly, swarming like a cloud or homing pigeons to their coup. Who are they?
They are the missionaries of the Gentiles that hold the true Priesthood of God.
9. "Isles" again
means the continents of the earth, all of them. They will "wait" on
the Lord, meaning that they will hear and follow "His" teachings. They
come, the vessels of the Lord from all over the world.
10. The "sons of
strangers" is the same as the "sons of the Gentiles," and here it
is paralleled with "their kings." It means spiritual kings, which are
those that have the promise of the priesthood of being kings with Christ in his
kingdom. "Build up thy walls" is equivalent to building the people up,
or ministering to them by teaching them the truth. It also means administering
the ordinances of the priesthood, such as baptisms, sealings, and endowments,
taking them to "peace" behind spiritually strong walls, even to a
point of being worthy of salvation in the highest kingdom (In my fathers house
are many mansions.)
11. This says that Israel will
open its doors to the missionaries, which means there will be a big change from
the way it is today. The wealth of the Gentiles is the TRUE Gospel of Jesus
Christ, which is
to say, the Keys of the Priesthood of God. The priesthood bearers are their
kings. See verse 5 above to explain "forces" changed to "Gentiles."
12. This means, simply, that
any nation or individual that does not respond to the true message of Jesus Christ
will ultimately face destruction, He is the only way.
13 And the glory of Lebanon
shall also come to thee,
The fir tree, the pine tree,
and box together,
To beautify the place of my
And I will make the place of
my feet glorious.
14 The sons also of them that
afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee,
And all they that have despised
thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet,
And they shall call thee, The
city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
15 Whereas thou hast been
forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee,
I will make thee an eternal
excellency, a joy of many generations.
16 Thou shalt also suck the
milk of the Gentiles,
And shalt suck the breast of
And then thou shalt know,
That I, the LORD,
Am thy Savior,
And thy Redeemer,
The mighty One of Jacob.
17 For brass, I will bring
And for iron, I will bring
For wood, brass, and for
I will also make peace to be
And replace thy exactors
13. Besides meaning beautiful
kinds of woods to rebuild the temple, trees also refer to righteous people, the
kind of people that bear "good fruit." The temple, which is often
referred to as his footstool, will be glorious because of the righteous people
14-15. "Them that
afflicted thee" (Israel), means the whole world. Israel will be known to
the world once again as a people of the true God. The people of the world will
then honor Israel, symbolized by their bowing down to her. Israel is to remain
16. This is obviously meant
metaphorically. It only repeats what has been said above. The kings are used the
same way as verses 3 and 10. These Gentile kings are "fat" with
"milk," meaning they have truth and knowledge of God in abundance, to
"feed" (administer) to Israel. From this abundance of truth and
knowledge, the next lines explain Israel will come to know their God, even their Savior and Redeemer,
even Jesus Christ.
17. Compared to their present
knowledge, which is represented by iron and brass and wood, he will replace it
with gold and silver. He will rebuild their knowledge with divine truths. He
will give them "peace," and become their "taskmaster," but a
purely righteous one.
18 Violence shall no more be
heard in thy land,
Neither devastation nor
destruction within thy borders.
Thou shalt call thy walls
Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day,
Neither for brightness shall the moon give
light unto thee,
But the LORD shall be unto
thee an everlasting light;
Thy God shall be unto thee
20 Thy sun shall no more go
Neither shall thy moon
For the LORD shall be thine
And the days of thy mourning
21 Thy people shall be
And inherit the land forever,
The branch of my planting,
The work of my hands,
That I may be glorified.
22 A little one shall become a
And a small one shall become a strong
I the LORD will hasten it in
18. He has promised them peace,
and these lines describe a peace almost beyond belief in this world.
19-20. The gist of these
verses is that the light of Christ will be so abundant that, relatively
speaking, it will outshine the great lights of the heavens, even so much the son
and the moon will not be comparable as "lights." It means that their
will be a flood of knowledge to come forth unequaled in the history of the
21. This verse uses the image
of Israel being a vine, and now a vine of righteousness that will glorify the
22. These are promises of peace
and prosperity for Israel, soon.
22c. JST changed "his time" to "my time."
1 The spirit of the Lord GOD
is upon me;
Because the LORD hath
anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek.
He hath sent me to bind up
the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives,
And the opening of the prison
to them that are bound in darkness;
2 To proclaim the acceptable
year of the LORD'S favor,
And the day of vengeance of
To comfort all that mourn;
3 To endow them that mourn in
With a crown of beauty,
instead of ashes;
With the oil of gladness,
instead of mourning,
And a garment of praise for the spirit of heavyness,
That they may be called trees of righteousness,
A planting of the LORD, that he
may be glorified.
1. Jesus tells us in Luke
4:16-20 that he was the fulfillment of this prophecy; but, because it goes on to
talk about the last days and the riches of the Gentiles, etc, it also has to,
typologically, apply to the Lord's servant. Jesus did all of the things
mentioned in this chapter for all mankind; i.e., for spiritual Israel. The
Lord's servant will only be instrumental in bringing the Jews to an
understanding of what Jesus has done. This knowledge will change the nation, but
only after it changes the people.
2. The "day of the Lord's
vengeance" is the same as "the year of his favor" which is the
same as line 1c through 3e. That may be a surprise, but what else would you
expect from a God of perfect love. His vengeance, then, is directed toward
Satan, who brings sin and spiritual death, and also toward our physical death.
Both had to be overcome or defeated by him. (Cf. D&C 133:49-51.)
3. "To appoint" is
not clear in this line. Others use "reward," "endow," and
even "to put upon." "Endow" is the right idea, especially
since in Hebrew it means to make a contract with a bride, which the lines
following agree. God's church is his bride, collectively, and we are his bride,
individually. The lines following definitely suggest the temple endowment:
first, there is a crown of beauty (3b) and the promise to become kings and
queens in the kingdom of God---which is what is meant by becoming his bride;
second, there is an anointing of oil (3c) with blessings given; third, there are
garments (3d) given, representing the metaphorical "covering of the
Lord," with blessing promised if worn faithfully. See verse ten for an
additional insight into this interpretation.
4 And they shall build up the
And raise up the former
They shall repair ruined
And the desolations of many
5 And strangers shall stand
and feed your flocks;
The sons of aliens shall be
your plowmen and your vine dressers.
6 And then ye shall be named
the Priests of the LORD.
Men shall call you the
Ministers of our God.
Ye shall eat the riches of
And in their glory boast
7 Instead of your shame ye shall have double,
And for confusion they shall
rejoice in their portion.
Therefore in their land they shall
possess the double,
Everlasting joy shall be unto
8 For I the LORD love justice,
I hate robbery for burnt offerings.
And I will direct all their
work in truth,
And I will make an
everlasting covenant with them.
4. We are talking about a
spiritual renewal primarily, but the nation of Israel will also rebuild to the
glory of old, to the glory of Kink Solomon or King David's time.
5. The "strangers"
are the Gentiles that have brought the truth. They will "feed" the
flocks ("His lambs" ) "bread from heaven" and "living
waters." The "vine," Israel, shall be "dressed" (taught)
by the Gentile's sons and daughters, who will come as missionaries.
6. Ye shall be once again the
children of Jehovah, receiving all of the promises made to Abraham, Isaac and
Jacob, even a priest unto the Most High God. "Eating the riches of the
Gentiles" will cause this to happen. Israel will be united with the
Gentiles, but again only those Gentiles of the Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints. No other church has the fullness of the gospel of Jesus
7. The "double" will
bring them shame and joy, because while it exposes their errors of the past, it
also shows them the correct path to take in the future (cf. 40:2). The double
consists of the books of Job and Jonah, which are two powerful testimonies that
Jesus is the Christ when understood. These books also bring about rejoicing
because they lead the Jews back to Jehovah, restoring all that made them great
in the past. Also compare Zech. 9:11-17 which promises grain and wine (bread and
water), which is metaphorically the same thing as books.
8. This is a promise that the
law of the harvest will be upheld (cf. Gal. 6:7). Our works do matter. The
wicked will never be rewarded for their wickedness, the law of the harvest is
clear: As ye sow, so shall ye reap.
9 And their seed shall be known
among the Gentiles,
And their offspring among the
And all that see them shall
That they are the seed
which the LORD hath blessed.
10 I will greatly rejoice in
the LORD; my soul shall be joyful in my God,
For he hath clothed me with
the garments of salvation,
He hath covered me with the
robe of righteousness,
As a bridegroom decketh
himself with ornaments,
And as a bride adorneth
herself with jewels.
11 For as the earth bringeth
forth her bud,
And the garden causeth the
things sown in it to spring forth,
So the Lord GOD will cause
righteousness and praise to spring forth before all nations.
9. The great spiritual change
in the Jews will be apparent to the rest of the world. They will then know that
the promises made to Abraham are being carried out by God. But in a broader
sense, spiritual Israel, which includes all those that accept and live the
Gospel of Jesus Christ, will also be recognized as the people of the true God.
For the first time since Babylon, the world will know that the House of Israel
is a chosen people of the Lord.
10. In this verse we see more
clearly the use of the "covering of the Lord" or "robes of
righteousness." The Lord's covering, in general, covers our sins, making us
righteous before God. We are considered naked until we repent and put on this
covering. Israel closes with the great rejoicing because "his"
nakedness is clothed in the righteousness of the Lord. This verse closes with a
play on words in that when we are clothed in these robes it makes us the Lord's
bride. (Cf. 22:17, 25:7-8, 30:1.)
11. Clearly, the Lord, Jehovah, is the one responsible for these great
changes, any others players are only as tools in his hand.
1 For Zion's sake, I will not
hold my peace,
And for Jerusalem's sake, I
will not remain still,
Until her righteousness
thereof go forth as a brightness,
And the salvation thereof as
a torch that burneth;
2 And the Gentiles shall see
And all their kings shall see
And thou shalt be called by a new
Which the mouth of the
LORD shall give.
3 And thou shalt also be a crown of
And a royal diadem in the
hand of thy God.
4 And thou shalt no more be
termed Forsaken one,
Neither shall thy land any
more be termed Desolate,
But thou shalt be called
Delightful, and thy land Married,
For the LORD delighteth in
thee, and thy land shall be married.
5 For as a young man marrieth
a virgin, so shall thy sons marry thee;
And as the bridegroom
rejoiceth over the bride,
So shall thy God rejoice over
1. The Lord is speaking, and
his words are reminiscent of Moses 1:39: "For behold, this is my work and
my glory--to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man." Our
eternal life is his goal, and he will not rest until he has done everything he
can to accomplish it.
2. When the righteousness of
the Jews shines, the Gentiles shall see it because they will have been
instrumental in bringing it about; i.e., through their kings (those who hold the
priesthood of God and are promised to be kings in the eternities, based on their
faithfulness). The Jews are to receive a new name. Because these lines are
connected with the Gentiles of the same verse, the new name is likely to be
something common to the gentiles, or The Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints, which is the name given them by the Lord (See D&C 115:4).
3. Without question, the Jews
will be glorious again in the eyes of God.
4. "Hephzibah" (KJV)
means, "my delight is in her": "Beulah" (KJV) means,
"married." These lines are an extension of the Bridegroom and bride
scenario. Israel will be a delight spiritually, and married to Christ (the
Bridegroom), which will fulfill an ancient prophecy to Abraham.
5. Israel's future sons shall
accept the new Zion, and the new name, as a groom accepts his bride, even as
Jehovah, Christ, accepts his bride and rejoices over her.
6 I have set watchmen upon thy
walls, O Jerusalem,
Which shall never be silent
day nor night.
Ye that make mention of the
Keep not silent,
7 And give him
no rest, till he establish,
And till he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.
8 The LORD hath sworn by his
And by the arm of his strength,
Surely I will no more give thy
grain to be meat for thine enemies,
And the sons of the stranger shall not drink
thy wine, for which thou hast labored.
9 But they that have harvested the grain shall eat it, and praise the LORD,
And they that have gathered the grapes shall drink it in the courts of my sanctuary.
10 Go through, go through the gates, prepare ye the way of the people.
Cast up, cast up the highway;
gather out the stones; lift up an standard for the people.
11 Behold, the LORD hath
proclaimed it abroad unto the end of the world.
Say ye to the daughter of
Zion, Behold, thy salvation cometh.
Behold, his reward is with
him, and his work before him.
12 And they shall call them,
The Holy People,
The Redeemed Of The LORD.
And thou shalt be called,
A City Not Forsaken.
6. The watchmen on the walls
must mean prophets. That they will be there to guide all unto the truth.
7. You who follow Jehovah,
pray without rest for these promises to be brought to fruition.
8. In addition to the obvious
literal meanings, these lines also refer to the truth and knowledge (bread and
wine, or water) which was taken away from Israel and given to the Gentiles. This
suggests a meaning to the lines from Matt. 19:30, "But many that are first
shall be last; and the last shall be first." In other words, the Jews were
first to receive the gospel anciently, the Gentiles being last; but they are
last to receive it in the last days, as the Gentiles have received it first and
will take it to the Jews.
9. This not only says that they
shall receive the truth, but that they will receive it in the courts of the
temple. We recognize that the temple is a place of learning, among its other
10. Go through the "strait
gate" or in other words, repent and be baptized by the Lord's Elders.
Prepare yourselves to enter the temple. Cast up a "highway" means,
Cast up a temple; and gather out the stones means, first, to gather out the
like Jesus, and second, gather building stones, to
build a temple. The temple of the Lord is an icon of the very best spiritually,
a worthy standard for all men to seek.
11. These lines clearly
connects salvation with the temple of the previous verses. Salvation is of the
Lord, but it is given in the temple of the Lord, through His Holy Priesthood.
The Lord's reward for us is our salvation, it is with him now because of the
work that he accomplished before in the flesh. Cf. Rev. 22:12
13. They shall be called, A
Holy People---Saints, even Latter-day Saints of the Church of Jesus Christ.
1 Who is this that cometh from
Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah?
He that is glorious in his
apparel, traveling in the greatness of his strength?
It is I, that speaks in
righteousness, mighty to save.
2 Wherefore art thou red in
And thy garments like him,
That treadeth in the wine
3 I have trodden the winepress
And of all the people, there
was none with me.
For I tread them in mine anger,
and trampled them in my fury.
Their blood sprinkled upon my
garments, and I stained all my raiment;
4 For the day of vengeance was
in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed has come.
5 And I looked, and there was none
to help, and I wondered that there was none to uphold;
Therefore mine own arm
brought salvation unto me, and my fury, it upheld me.
6 And I will tread down the
people in mine anger,
And make them drunk in my
And I will bring down their strength to the earth.
1. Someone is asking
these rhetorical questions. The questions are asked of Jesus Christ, who has been down to the world, emblemized by Moab and Bozrah, cities of
Moab representing the world. According to Smith's concordance "Edom" means a
place of red dye, and "Bozrah" means a sheep fold. He is glorious in his apparel because he is clothed in robes of
righteousness. He is strong because he has proven himself to be the master over
Satan and sin. He answers that he is righteousness, since one of his names is
Because of his righteousness,
he is the only one that is "mighty to save."
2 -3. His garments are red
with the blood of our sins, which he has taken upon himself during the Atonement.
Jesus had to make his
sacrifice alone, no one could help. Surely it doesn't mean that he tread down
the people literally. Instead, it means he tread down the people's sins, and
pride; i.e., he causes us to become humble and submissive to his teachings. It's interesting that such a great
and loving sacrifice is described as being done in his anger and fury. His anger
is directed towards sin and Satan.
4. His day of vengeance was his
day on the cross when he defeated Satan and death, that all might be redeemed.
5. This great burden, to be the
redeemer of all mankind, was his responsibility alone. No one else could do it
or help him.
6. The same anger (love) tramples down men to humbleness, so that they
can be raised up and saved.
7 I will mention the
loving kindnesses of the LORD,
And the praises of the LORD according to all that the LORD
hath bestowed on us,
And the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on
According to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his loving kindnesses.
8 For he said, Surely, they
are my people,
Children that will not lie;
So he was their Savior.
9 In all their affliction, he was
And the angel of his presence
In his love and in his pity
he redeemed them, and he bare them,
And carried them all the days
of old; but they rebelled and
vexed his holy spirit,
Therefore he was turned to be
their enemy, and he fought against them.
11 Then he remembered the days
of old, Moses and his people.
Where is he that brought them
up out of the sea,
With the shepherd of his
Where is he that put his holy
spirit within him?
12 That led them by the right
hand of Moses with his glorious arm,
Dividing the water before
them, to make for himself an everlasting name?
13 That led them through the
deep, like an horse in the wilderness, that they stumble not?
14 As a beast goeth down into the
valley, the spirit of the LORD causeth him to rest;
So didst thou lead thy people
to make thyself a glorious name.
7. Then as if to define the
Lord's anger and fury of v6, he speaks of loving kindnesses, which is his demeanor in
trampling men down. In this verse Isaiah parallels "us" with the "house of
Israel." He has been speaking in very general terms referring to all his
children, and this is no different in that all of his children will be of the
house of Israel, either by blood line of by adoption. He has trampled down Israel, to humble
them and make them teachable. If they are not of Israel, or his sheep, they will
rebel and be cast out from the house of Israel.
8. Now he remembers Israel of old, how they were his chosen people but
that they rebelled against him, and so he scattered them and punished them.
These verses seem to indicate that he remembers his promise to Abraham, Isaac
10-14. This continues to rehearse the Exodus of Israel from Egypt with
the LORD'S careful and loving help.
15 But now look down from
heaven and behold thy people,
From thy habitation of
holiness and glory.
Where is thy zeal and thy
The compassion of thy heart,
Of thy mercies toward us?
Are they restrained?
16 Doubtless thou art our father,
Though Abraham be ignorant of
And though Israel acknowledge
Thou, O LORD, art our father,
And thy name is from
everlasting to everlasting.
17 O LORD, why hast thou suffered us to err from thy ways,
And to harden our hearts so
that we have no more fear of thee?
Return for thy
servants' sake, the tribes that are thine inheritance.
18 Thy people of thy holiness didst possess
it but a little while:
But now our adversaries have
trodden down thy sanctuary.
19 We are become as those
thou never barest rule over,
As those that were not called
by thy name.
15. They plead for help on the
basis that they are the chosen children of Israel (Thy people). They remind the
Lord of his earlier zeal for them as a reason for help now.
16. They use the fact that
Jehovah is their God to plead for him to come down to their aid. They
express faith in him, recognizing that Abraham is dead and is not going to help
them. This acknowledges that their unrighteous pride in being Abraham's
children, or the "chosen" children of Israel is gone, and their
attention is properly placed in Jehovah and his teachings.
17. This is a continuation of
the pleadings above. Israel has been called the Lord's servant, so
"he" asks, for Israel's sake, that the Lord return the tribes of
Israel. The answer to this question is agency. The people of Israel went their
way because it was their choice. God does not intervene in our choices.
18. This refers to the temple,
and suggests that he return for the sake of the temple.
19. Israel has become like their neighbors, the heathen of their time, those who did not know the Lord,
which is another pleading for the Lord to return and heal them. (cp. NIV and
1 Oh, that thou wouldest rend
the heavens, that thou wouldest come down,
That the mountains might flow
down at thy presence,
2 As when a melting fire burneth
And causeth the waters to
To make thy name known to
That all the nations may
tremble at thy presence.
3 As when thou didst terrible
things we looked not for,
Thou camest down, and
mountains flowed down at thy presence.
4 For as far back as the
beginning of the world, men have not heard,
Nor perceived by the ear,
neither hath the eye seen, O God, besides thee,
That doeth all that he hath
prepared for them that waiteth for him.
5 Thou meetest and
rejoiceth in him that worketh righteousness,
And those that remembereth thee in all thy ways.
Behold, thou art wroth; for we have sinned;
In our sins there is
And shall we be saved?
1 -3. Their pleading for
Jehovah to come down continues from chapter 63, and uses the imagery of the
manifestations on mount Sinai. Earthquakes cause mountains to flow down. It is
probably a plea for the Millennium to begin, after which things will improve.
4. This verse argues that no
other God foretells the future and keeps his word perfectly has Jehovah has
done. False gods cannot foretell the future, let alone see that it happens.
"That waiteth for him," again alludes to the Hebrew marriage custom of
the bride waiting for the bridegroom to prepare a mansion in his father's house
for her. It means to have faith in him, and show it by keeping his commandments.
5. Thou meetest
him," means he comes forth as a friend, or comes forth to help him that
keeps his commandments. From this line we learn that to remember the Lord is the
same as following his ways. He that remembers the Lord does righteousness and good
works. They go on to confess their knowledge of their sins which have gone on
for so long. This is the first step of repentance.
6 But we are all as an unclean thing;
Our righteousnesses are as
And we do all fade away like
a decaying leaf,
And our iniquities, like the
wind, have taken us away.
7 And there is none of us that
calleth on thy name,
That stirreth up himself to
take hold of thee.
For thou hast hid thy face
And thou hast also consumed
Because of our iniquities.
8 Yet, O LORD, thou art our
We are the clay, and thou art
And we all are the work of thy
9 Be not wroth very sore, O
Neither remember our iniquity
Behold, see, we beseech thee,
that we are all thy people.
10 Thy holy cities are a
wilderness; Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation.
11 Our holy and our beautiful
temple, where our fathers have praised thee,
Is burned up with fire, and
all our pleasant things are laid waste.
12 Wilt thou refrain thyself
for doing these things, O LORD?
Wilt thou hold thy peace,
and afflict us very sore?
6. Israel continues to confess her sins, saying that she is as filthy
rags, instead of being covered by robes of righteousness. Cf. 22:7; 25:7-8;
29:1; 61;10; 64:6; Zech.3:3. They seem to express hopelessness.
7. Israel continues to confess her sins.
8-11. Israel remembers that she is or was the chosen people of the Lord
and asks for forgiveness. Israel prays for
Jehovah to help them, giving several reasons to motivate him.
First, we are thy people;
second, his holy cities are destroyed; third, his holy temple is burned; forth,
the holy vessels are gone.
12. How long will it be before
the Lord will show his boundless love and mercy? Will he continue to afflict us
1 I was ready to be sought by those that asked not for me.
I was on hand for them that
sought me not.
I said, Behold me, here am I,
Unto a nation that did not
call my name.
2 I spread out my hands all
day to a rebellious people,
Which walketh in a way not
good, after their own thoughts;
3 A people that provoketh me
to anger continually to my very face;
That sacrificeth in gardens,
and burneth incense upon altars of brick;
4 Which remain among the
graves, even spending their nights among the monuments;
Which eat swine's flesh, and
the broth of abominable things is in their vessels;
5 Which say, Stand by thyself,
and come not near me, for I am holier than thou.
Such people are a smoke in my
nose, a fire that burneth all the day.
1. In response to their prayers
of chapter 64, the Lord comes back saying that he has always been their for
them, pleading hard for them to see and hear.
2. They would not hear, even
though he used every means available to him.
3. Israel did all that the Lord
commanded them not to do, even to sacrificing their children to the idols in the
gardens of the high places. This even suggests that they went out of their way
to defy his commandments. This is shown by their sacrificing on bricks, when
they had always been taught to build their alters with unhewn stones. Any other
kind was an abomination. (Cf. 66:4)(Also see Duet 18:9-11; 1:29; 57:5.)
4. They sought answers about
the future from the dead through secret sťances, or by sleeping by the dead,
expecting to have dreams foretelling the future. They are thought to have even
worshiped the dead. All of this dealing with the dead is in sharp contrast to
what they had been taught by Jehovah. They even polluted their bodies (vessels)
with forbidden foods, possibly swine offered in sacrifice. They were rebellious
in every way, to the extreme.
5. But they were even worse
than rebellious, breaking every law given to Moses for their benefit. They had a
holier than thou attitude toward all other people because they looked on
themselves as being the chosen people of Jehovah, never thinking that being
chosen by God required their obedience. They let the Lord's words, that they
were his "chosen people," go to their
heads. They were as irritating to
God as smoke in the nose, and then unrelenting.
6 Behold, it is written before
me; I will not keep silent,
But will recompense, yea,
recompense into their bosom,
7 Their iniquities, and the iniquities of
their fathers together, saith the LORD;
Which have burned incense upon
the mountains, and blasphemed me upon the hills;
Therefore will I measure their former works into their bosom.
8 Thus saith the LORD, As the
new wine is found in the cluster,
And one saith, destroy it
not, a blessing is in it.
So I do it not, for my
That I may not destroy them
9 I will bring forth a seed
out of Jacob,
And out of Judah an
inheritor of my mountains;
And mine elect people shall
And my servants shall dwell
10 And Sharon shall be a fold
And the valley of Achor, a
resting place for herds to lie down,
For my people that have
sought after me.
11 But ye are they that forsake the
That forget my holy mountain,
That prepare a table for Fortune,
That furnish a drink offering
6-7. These harsh words are
really just the natural consequences of their actions; i.e., the law of the
harvest. As they have sown, so shall they reap---at least up to the point where
mercy takes over after repentance. (Cf. 57:7; Hos.4:13; Ezek.6:113.)
8. The Lord promises to save a
remnant of them, for Israel's sake.
9. The Lord will save a remnant
of Jacob, who will again possess the "Lords mountain," when they again
live the Gospel. Notice that "flocks" and "herds" are
paralleled with "people." They, those that seek the Lord, will have
good pastures (spiritual food) on the Lord's mountain.
10. The image of peace takes in
all of Israel, from the Mediterranean to Jericho. All will be tranquil and
peaceful. This vision of peace has been brought to our attention many times by
Isaiah. Cf. 2:4; 11:6-9; 12:1; 13:20; 17:2; ........
11. "Prepare a table"
alludes to pagan rites (Cf. Jer. 7:18). "Fortune and Destiny are sometimes
translated as "luck and fortune." They are modern
names for "Meni and Gad," which are either the planets Jupiter and
Venus which were worshiped as the stars of prosperity, or they were simply
heathen gods. Either way, the
meaning is pretty much the same. Our honoring such things as rabbits feet and
four leaf clovers amounts to worshiping these heathen gods, and is a carry-over
from those days.
12 Therefore will I number you to the sword,
And ye shall all bow down to the
Because when I called, ye did not answer;
When I spake, ye did not hear,
But did evil all day before mine
And did choose that wherein I
13 Therefore this is what the
Lord God has to say,
Behold, my servants shall
eat, but ye shall be hungry;
Behold, my servants shall
drink, but ye shall be thirsty;
Behold, my servants shall rejoice,
but ye shall be ashamed;
14 Behold, my servants shall
sing for joy of heart,
But ye shall cry for
sorrow of heart,
And shall howl from the vexation of
15 And ye shall leave your name
for a curse unto my chosen,
For the Lord GOD shall slay
thee, and call his servants by another name.
16 That he who blesseth himself
in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth,
And he that sweareth in the
earth shall swear by the God of truth,
Because the former troubles
And because they are hid from mine
12. "Number you for the
sword" is equivalent to "destine you for the sword".
13. The righteous will eat and
drink (truth and knowledge), but the wicked will go without, they will remain in
ignorance. These contrasts must be given more in a rhetorical sense then
anything else, because he has said earlier, many times, that all will come over
to him. It is possible that they are only repeated here to complete some of the
literary structures (See Gileadi's The Book of Isaiah, Pg. 7).
15. This is the second time he
has mentioned that they will have a new name. The old one has been disgraced so
badly, it must be necessary. It means that those who are called after the Holy
City (meaning the Jews), will be called by the new name (See 62:2).
16. These promises point back
to "his servants" of verse 15, meaning they will hold the priesthood
or have the sealing power.
What ever they do on earth, give blessings or make swearing, (e.g. sealings such
as father to son etc, and marriages for time and eternity) will still be in
force in heaven (Cf. 22:21). Their blessings and ordinances will be approved of
and sanctioned by God.
17 For, behold, I create new
heavens and a new earth,
And the former shall not be
remembered, nor come into mind.
18 Therefore be ye glad and
rejoice forever in that which I create.
For behold, I create in
Jerusalem a rejoicing, and in her people a joy.
19 And I will rejoice in
Jerusalem, and have joy in my people.
The voice of weeping shall no more be heard in
Nor the voice of crying.
20 There shall no more be an
Nor a man that hath not
filled his days;
For the child shall die an
hundred years old;
And the sinner an hundred
years old shall be cursed.
21 And they shall build
houses, and they shall inhabit them.
And they shall also plant
vineyards, and eat the fruit of them.
22 They shall not build houses
to have another inhabit them;
And they shall not plant
vineyards, and another eat.
As the days of a tree are
the days of my people,
And mine elect shall long
enjoy the work of their hands.
23 For they shall not labor in
vain, nor bring forth for trouble,
For they are the seed of the
blessed of the LORD,
And their offspring with
24 In that day it shall come
That before they call, I will
And while they are yet speaking, I
25 And the wolf and also the lamb shall
And the lion shall eat straw
like the bullock.
But dust shall be the
They shall not hurt, nor
In all my holy mountain,
Saith the LORD.
17-24. All of these verses describe a glorious time for Israel,
which sounds very much like we expect the Millennium to be. However, I don't
think it means that. Instead, I think the change for Israel will be so great, to
the good, that to them it might as well be the Millennium. If everyone were to
keep the commandments as the previous chapters say they will, then it will be
like the Millennium. One thing is for sure. They will have embraced the true
gospel of Jesus Christ and will be living his gospel.
25. Most likely these verses,
(a) and (b), are not to be taken literally, but are only an image of the peace
that will prevail. Line (c), is most likely a prophecy of Satan's end, the
"dust" of the grave, even a spiritual grave. Until the Millennium,
Satan will be present, but his influence will not be heeded by the righteous
Israelites; therefore "they [Satan's beasts] shall not hurt, nor destroy,
in my holy mountain."
1 Thus saith the LORD:
The heaven is my throne,
And the earth is my
What house would ye build for
Where would be the place for
2 For all these things hath
mine hand made;
All have been, because of me,
saith the LORD.
Yet to this man will I look,
to him that is poor,
And of a contrite spirit, and
trembleth at my words.
3 And them: He that killeth an
ox is as if he slew a man;
He that sacrificeth a lamb,
as if he cut off a dog's neck;
He that offereth an oblation,
as if he offered swine's blood;
He that burneth incense upon
the alter, as if he blessed an idol.
Yea, they have all chosen their
way, they delighteth in abominations.
4 I also will choose their
delusions, and will bring their fear upon them,
Because when I called, none
did answer, and when I spake, they did not hear.
But they did evil before mine
eyes, and chose that in which I taketh no delight.
5 Hear the word of the LORD,
ye that tremble at his word; your brethren that hate you,
And cast ye out for my name's
sake, say, Let the LORD show us his glory!
But he shall appear to your
joy, and they shall all be ashamed.
1. "House" refers to the Holy Temple. The Hebrew word
this comes from means both----house/temple.
2. The thread in verses one and
two is that God is the creator of everything. What is man that he should build a
house for God, or anything else for that matter? In his great majesty, he looks
for the humble in spirit, of a contrite heart.
3. But "them,"
Israel, has done wickedly. These verses repeat the Lord's indictments of Israel
made so many times before.
4. Those that fear the Lord,
are on the road to salvation, so this verse promises that the Lord is going to
help them learn reverence for him.
5. The unbelieving
challenge the Lord to show himself, and he says that he will (at his second
coming), to the joy of the
believing, and the shame of the unbelieving.
6 Hark, a voice of noise from
the city, from the temple;
It is the voice of the LORD
that will be heard,
That rendereth recompense
unto his enemies.
7 Before she travailed, she
Before her pain, she was
delivered of a man child.
8 Who hath heard of such a
thing? Who hath seen such things?
Shall the earth be made to
bring forth in one day?
Or shall a great nation be
born at once?
For as soon as Zion was in
She brought forth her
9 Shall I bring to the birth,
And not cause to bring forth?
saith the LORD.
Shall I cause to bring forth,
and shut the womb? saith thy God.
10 Rejoice ye with Jerusalem
and be glad with her, all ye that love her.
Rejoice with joy with her,
all ye that mourn for her,
11 That ye may suck and be
satisfied from her consoling breasts ,
That ye may drink deeply and
delight in the abundance of her glory.
12 For thus saith the LORD,
Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river,
And the glory of the Gentiles
like an overflowing stream;
Then shall ye nurse and be
borne upon her hip,
And be dandled upon her
6. The Lord will render
recompense to his enemies by dying on the cross. The Lord's enemies are the
sinners, which means all of us. .
7. Before Israel's total
destruction by Rome (her greatest pain), a man child (Jesus) was born, and even
though he was brought forth, it didn't mean Israel would become a great nation
overnight, which was the expectation of the Jews when their Messiah came.
8. Things seem to be reversed,
but only if taken literally. Shall a great nation, Israel be born at once, or
will it take 3000 years to accomplish it? Cf. 26:18; 37;3.
9. Israel was brought forth,
shall it continue to languish, even until dead? These questions suggest that
the answer is no, and Israel will soon be a glorious nation like never before,
even exceeding David's and Solomon's times.
10. Everyone is to rejoice with Jerusalem (emblematic of Israel),
which is to receive great consolations, returning her to even greater glory than ever before.
11. Metaphorically, the world
is to drink from Israel's new found glory, which is the result of their
knowledge of Jehovah, which has been lost. They are to share in this glory with
12. This glory, to be shared
with the world, has come from the Gentiles; that is, the Gentiles who have had
the truth. Israel will have been "nursed (taught) at their side, and be
dandled upon their knees" before sharing, as mentioned in verses 10 and 11, this new knowledge with the world.
Notice that "peace," meaning salvation, is synonymously paralleled with, "the glory of the
Gentiles." It means that the Gentiles will be bringing "peace"
(salvation) to them. (Cf. 13:3-5, 29:7.)
13 As a mother comforts hers,
So will I comfort you:
Ye shall be comforted in
14 And when ye see this, your
heart shall rejoice,
And your bones shall flourish
like a sprouting herb.
And the hand of the LORD
shall be known toward his servants,
And his indignation shall be
toward his enemies.
15 For behold, the LORD will
come with fire,
With his chariots like a
To render his anger with
And his rebuke with fire.
16 For by fire and by his
The LORD will plead with all
And those slain by the LORD
shall be many.
17 They that sanctify
themselves and purify themselves,
In the gardens, behind one in
Eating swine's flesh,
And the abomination, and the
Shall be consumed together,
saith the LORD.
18 And because I know of their
works and of their thoughts,
I will come and gather all
nations and tongues,
And they shall come and see
13. This promises that the glory to come will come to Jerusalem, in a gentle loving way.
14. One cannot help wondering why the Jews have not seen this statement for 3000 years, as this suggest they
are just now going to see it. Perhaps it is only now that they will really
understand it because of the blindness that has been imposed upon them by the Lord.
15. The Lord will come with the fire of the Holy Ghost, to convert. "Chariots" link back to the
missionaries, who will come in pairs, to teach them the truth and to baptize them.
16. For by fire (the Holy Ghost), and by the sword (the word of his mouth), will he plead with the
world; and the slain (baptized) of the world, will be many.
17. The Lord will miss no one, not even those that have worshiped idols in the gardens of the high places.
18. All nations and tongues are to see and know his glory.
19 And I will set tokens among
And send those that survive,
Unto the nations,
To Tarshish, Pul, and Lud,
That draw the bow; and to
And to Javan, and to the
isles afar off,
That have not heard of my
fame, nor seen my glory;
And there they shall declare
my glory among all the nations.
20 They shall bring all your
brethren for an offering unto the LORD,
Out of all the nations, upon
horses, in chariots, in litters, upon mules,
And upon all swift beasts,
unto my holy mountain in Jerusalem, saith the Lord,
As the children of Israel
brought offerings in clean vessels to the house of the LORD,
21 I will take some of them
for priests and for Levites, saith the LORD.
22 For, as the new heavens and
the new earth,
Which I will make,
Shall remain, saith the LORD,
So shall your seed and your
23 And it shall come to pass,
that from one new moon to another,
From Sabbath to Sabbath, shall
all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD.
24 And they shall go out and
look upon the carcasses of men,
That have transgressed
Their worm shall not die,
Neither shall their fire be
And they shall be an
abhorring unto all flesh.
19. "Those that
survive" are those that are converted, the escapees of
"Babylon." Those who receive the Gospel will be sent to share, meaning to all the nations of the world.
20. They shall bring out of
"Babylon" all the children of the Lord, your brothers. They will be
the "clean vessel," following their baptism, and their offering will
be a broken heart and a contrite spirit.
21. Some will again serve the
Lord as Priests.
22. Your name, and your
children, will endure, but it will be the new name, which was foretold of
earlier. (See 65:15, 62:2.)
23. This clearly sounds like
the Millennium, when Christ will reign in glory.
24. The image is that of there
being only one way to gain salvation. Either you are a follower of Jesus
Christ, Jehovah, or you are destroyed. There is no other way as stated by Mosiah
13:17&18 "And moreover, I say unto you, that there shall be no other name
given nor any other way nor means whereby salvation can come unto the children
of men, only in and through the name of Christ, the Lord Omnipotent. For behold he judgeth,
and his judgment is just; and the infant perisheth
not that dieth in his infancy;
but men drink damnation to their own souls except they humble themselves
and become as little children, and believe that salvation was, and is, and is
to come, in and through the atoning blood of Christ."
SEND A COMMENT
(Trans. from the Masoretic text) The Jewish Publishing .
Society of America, Philadelphia, 1982.
THE NEW LAYMAN'S PARALLEL BIBLE.
(King James Version, New International Version,
Revised Standard Version, Living Bible
Version) Zondervan Bible
Publishers, Grand Rapids, Michigan,
COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT.
C.F Keil and F. Delitzsch, Volume 7, Isaiah.
Trans. from the German by James Martin,
William B. Eerdmans Publishing, Grand Rapids, Michigan
THE ONE VOLUME BIBLE COMMENTARY.
Rev. J.R. Dummelow, New York,
Macmillan Publishing, 1936.
THE BOOK OF MORMON. Translated by
Joseph Smith; The Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City,
OLD TESTAMENT STUDENT MANUAL.
(1Kings--Malachi), The Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City,
HARMONIZING ISAIAH: COMBINING ANCIENT
SOURCES. F.A.R.M.S. Brigham Young University,
Provo, Ut. 2001
THE BOOK OF ISAIAH. Avraham
Gileadi, Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah.1989
THE LAST DAYS. Avraham Gileadi,
Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah. 1991
JOSEPH SMITH'S NEW TRANSLATION OF THE
BIBLE. Herald Publishing, Independence, Missouri.1970
JESUS THE CHRIST. James E.
Talmage, Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah,1962
LEHI IN THE DESERT, AND THE WORLD OF
THE JEREDITES. Hugh Nibley, Bookcraft, SLC, Utah, 1988.
THE BOOK OF JOB AND THE ATONEMENT Keith
Hepworth,, not published.
Salt Lake City, Utah. 801-485-9385
Fairbain, Patrick. The Typology of
Scriptures. Vol. I and II. Edinburgh. T. & T Clark. 1975.
Gileadi, Avraham. The Book of Isaiah.
Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah. 1989
Gileadi, Avraham. The Last Days: Types
and Shadows from the Bible and the Book of Mormon.
Covenant Press.. Salt Lake City,
Habershon, Ada R. The Study of the
Types. London; Morgan and Scott LTD.. 1907.
McConkie, Joseph Fielding. Gospel
Symbolism. Salt Lake City, Utah. Bookcraft. 1986
Trent, Kenneth E. Types of Christ in the
Old Testament. New York. Exposition Press. 1960
Wilson, Walter Lewis. Wilson's
Dictionary of Bible Types. Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Wm. B. Eerdman's Publishing Co.. 1975,
(Trans. from the Masoretic text) The Jewish Publishing Society of America,
THE NEW LAYMANS PARALLEL BIBLE.(King James Version, New International Version, Revised Standard Version,
Living Bible Version. Zindervan Bible Publishers, Grand Rapids, Michigan 1981.
COMMENTARY ON THE OLD TESTAMENT.
C.F Keil and F. Delitzsch, Volume 7, Isaiah.
Trans. from the German by James Martin,
William B. Eerdmans Publishing, Grand Rapids, Michigan
THE ONE VOLUME BIBLE COMMENTARY.
Rev. J.R. Dummelow, New York,
Macmillan Publishing, 1936.
THE BOOK OF MORMON. Translated by
Joseph Smith; The Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City,
OLD TESTAMENT STUDENT MANUAL.
(1Kings--Malachi), The Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City,
HARMONIZING ISAIAH: COMBINING ANCIENT
SOURCES. F.A.R.M.S. Brigham Young University,
Provo, Ut. 2001
THE BOOK OF ISAIAH. Avraham
Gileadi, Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah.1989
THE LAST DAYS. Avraham Gileadi,
Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah. 1991
JOSEPH SMITH'S NEW TRANSLATION OF THE
BIBLE. Herald Publishing, Independence, Missouri.1970
JESUS THE CHRIST. James E.
Talmage, Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah,1962
LEHI IN THE DESERT, AND THE WORLD
OF THE JEREDITES. Hugh Nibley, Bookcraft, SLC, Utah, 1988.
THE BOOK OF JOB AND THE ATONEMENT Keith
Hepworth,, not published.
Salt Lake City, Utah. 801-485-9385
Fairbain, Patrick. The Typology of Scriptures.
Vol. I and II. Edinburgh. T. & T Clark. 1975.
Gileadi, Avraham. The Book of Isaiah.
Deseret Book Co. Salt Lake City, Utah. 1989
Shadows from the Bible and the Book of Mormon.
Covenant Press.. Salt Lake City, Utah. 1991
Habershon, Ada R. The Study of the Types.
London; Morgan and Scott LTD.. 1907.
McConkie, Joseph Fielding. Gospel Symbolism.
Salt Lake City, Utah. Bookcraft. 1986
Trent, Kenneth E. Types of Christ in the Old
Testament. New York. Exposition Press. 1960
Wilson, Walter Lewis. Wilson's Dictionary of
Bible Types. Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Wm. B. Eerdman's Publishing Co.. 1975, 1983.
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