PART ONE OF THE BOOK OF ISAIAH
This page is part three of five
parts: Index Intro.,
Isaiah Part 1, Part 2,
and Part 3,
of web site biblesecrets.org.
Copyright © 2000 DSOTO--
Another example of Intelligent Design or Divine Design
in the scriptures.
For an explanation of the format or patterns in the lines, go to
Reformatting and commentary is done by Keith
1 THE VISION of Isaiah, the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem,
In the days of Uzziah, and Jotham,
and Ahaz, and Hezekiah, Kings of Judah.
2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O
earth, the LORD has spoken:
I have nourished and brought up
But they have rebelled against me.
3 The ox knoweth his owner,
The ass his master's crib, but Israel doth not know;
My people do not understand; Ah, they are a sinful nation,
A people laden down with iniquity; they are the offspring of evildoers,
And children that are corrupters; they have forsaken their
They have provoked the Holy One of Israel
They are all gone away backward unto
5 And why should ye be stricken more?
Ye would only revolt more.
The whole head is sick, and the whole heart faint.
2.Isaiah's vision is of the Lord
speaking to wicked Israel in the first person. What He is saying applies to
Isaiah's time, but it also applies to Israel in a broader sense, covering all of
their history since Moses. Their apostasy in Isaiah's time was a type for the
greater apostasy which followed. It was the first phase in a longer time frame,
which is summarized in (1)their trouble at home, (2)their exile, and (3)their return to favor
with God, THEIR FATHER. The children of Israel are God's children in a broader
sense then just the Jews. It includes all who have accepted His paths.
3. Dumb animals know their master,
yet Israel does not know theirs. The "chosen people," i.e., the
"children of God," do not know their Father, and they will not hear.
They are seen as dumber than animals.
5. Their sins have taken them
beyond help, because God knows they know better. Chastisement would not help now.
They would only rebel more. (Cp.2Chron.36:16--till there was no
6 From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no
Only wounds, and bruises, and putrefying
They have not been closed, nor bound up,
Nor mollified with ointment.
7 Your country lies desolate,
Your cities are burned up with fire.
Foreigners devour them in your
And it is desolate, as overthrown by
8 The daughter of Zion is left as a hut in a vineyard,
As the lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
9 Except the LORD of Hosts had left
unto us a very small remnant,
We should have been as Sodom, we
should have been like unto Gomorrah.
10 Hear the word of the LORD, ye
rulers of Sodom.
Give ear unto the law of your God,
ye people of Gomorrah.
11 To what purpose is the multitude of
your sacrifices? saith the LORD.
I am full of the burnt offerings of
rams and the fat of over-fed beasts;
And I delight no longer in the blood
of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats.
12 When ye come to appear before me, who hath requireth this of your hand, to tread my courts?
13 Bring me no more vain oblations; and
incense is also an abomination unto me.
Your New Moons and Sabbaths, the
called assemblies, I cannot approve.
They are an iniquity to me, even
the solemn meetings.
6. Metaphorically, they are
covered with spiritual sores (false beliefs and traditions), which could have
been mollified with spiritual oil (truth), before it
became too late.
7. This is looking back from today
at the condition of ancient Israel, both literally and figuratively,
literally anciently and spiritually since then.
8. The "daughter of
Zion" means primarily Jerusalem, but can be any of the cities of
Israel, as they are often
referred to as the daughters of Zion. (Cf. 3:16, 3:17,3:26, 4:4, 32:9, 22:4, 52:2,
62:11). Collectively, all of Israel is His daughter. Hut or temporary lean-to
9. The "small remnant" is what is
left of the great Israel, most destroyed, some scattered. Compare 6:13 where it
says only a seed, like that of an oak, will be left.
10. In verse nine they said (the
LORD speaking for them) that they were as Sodom and Gomorrah. Now He directly
calls them by these names to emphasize their wickedness and to indicate that
they are worthy of the same fate--except for a small remnant.
11-12. Not only is He tired of
their burnt offerings, and the fat (His portion, Lev. 7:3-5), but He also
implies that they (Israel) are the over-fed beasts (See note 46:8), that are
trampling His courts, even without knowing why they are there, much like the
dumb beasts that are being offered for sacrifice. Who required them to trample
His courts? Trampling implies with a heavy foot, even a booted, pride
filled foot, rather than a soft, respectful step. Although they are doing the
letter of God's laws, this implies they are doing it all wrong.
13-15. All that they have done so many times before, by commandment,
is now not acceptable to the Lord because of their sins.
14 Your monthly and appointed feasts my soul hateth.
They are a burden, I am weary to bear them.
15 And when ye spread forth your hands,
I will hide mine eyes from you.
Yea, when ye offer up your many prayers,
I will not hear; your hands are full of blood.
16 Wash yourselves, and make yourselves clean before me,
And put away the evil ways of your doings from before mine eyes.
17 Cease to do evil, learn to do well, seek justice, relieve the oppressed,
Defend the cause of the fatherless, and plead for the widow.
18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD.
Though your transgressions may be as scarlet,
They shall become as white as snow;
Though they be red as crimson,
They shall be as wool.
19 If ye be willing and obedient,
Ye shall eat the good of the land.
20 But if ye refuse and rebel against me,
Surely, ye shall be devoured with the sword,
For the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it.
21 How is the faithful city become
It was full of
Righteousness lodged in it, but now
22 Thy silver is become dross, and
thy wine mixed with water.
23 Thy princes have become rebellious
and the companions of thieves;
Every one loveth a bribe and
followeth after rewards.
They defend not the cause of the
Neither doth the cause of the widow
come unto them.
24 Therefore saith the LORD of hosts,
the Mighty One of Israel,
Ah, I will get relief of my wrath on
And avenge myself of mine
14-20. But they can, again, gain
acceptance by God, if they will only repent, which is the second principle of
the Gospel. It was taught by the prophets of the Old Testament (See 6:12, Acts
2:38, 3:19, 8:22, 17:30, 20:21, 26:20). Jesus made it clear repentance is
required of all who have sinned (See Matt. 4:17, Mark 1:14-15, 2:17, Luke 15:7,
24:46-47). Notice the relationship of verses 19 and 20: Be good, and
you will eat; be bad, and you will be eaten.
21. Jerusalem has previously been
called a daughter of Zion. This takes that comparison another step and calls the
daughter of Zion a harlot.
22.Her "silver and wine"
represent spiritual knowledge, which now has become polluted.
23. Her "princes" are
her leaders, both spiritual and secular.
24. To call them His enemies
sounds very strong, but if you are not for God then you are against God and
therefore His enemy.
25 I will turn mine hand upon thee,
To purge away thy dross,
And take away from thee all thy tin.
26 And I will restore thy judges as
at the first,
And thy counselors as at the
beginning; afterwards thou shalt be called,
The city of righteousness, the faithful city.
27 Zion shall be redeemed, with judgment,
Her converts with righteousness.
28 The destruction of the
And of all the sinners, shall be
And they that forsake the LORD shall
29 For they shall be ashamed of the
oaks which ye have desired;
Ye shall be confounded for the
gardens ye have chosen.
30 For ye shall be as an oak whose
And as the garden that hath no
31 And the strong shall be as tinder,
And their works the spark;
And they shall both burn together,
And there shall be none to quench them.
25."Dross and tin" are
the impurities commonly found in silver. Symbolically, they are falsehoods that
have polluted the spiritual truths (v22). This is a glorious promise. Their
former glory of old will be restored when they have been cleansed.
26. This is the promise of the
"gathering"-- in the latter-days--Israel's restoration.
27. The Lord says that they will
be restored to the truth by conversion. That they will be "converts,"
suggests just how far they have "gone away backward" from the truth.
28. This speaks of the destruction of the wicked, but verse 27 says it will be accomplished by their conversion, not their deaths. This idea is examined on the page explaining
29. The oaks and gardens in the
high places (where they had set up their idols to worship, even offering their
children for sacrifice) is a corruption of the scriptural "high
places" which refer to a higher spiritual plain, and even to temples. They
have misunderstood the scriptures by taking them literally, setting up their
"groves" of idols on the high mountains.
30. He tells them that they shall
be as the false gods they have chosen, dry and lifeless, and implies that they
could be like the true God with an abundance of water. A garden without water is
a play on words, using the metaphor of water to represent truth and
knowledge--"living waters" (Cf. John 4:10-15; Zech. 14:8).
31. Instead of being an eternal
being, even as God, they will burn as dry fibers used to start fires (tow),
There will be no one to "quench" them with "living" water.
1 The word that Isaiah, the son of Amoz, has seen,
Concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
2 It shall come to pass in the last
When the mountain of the house of
Shall be established in the top of
And shall be exalted above the
hills, and all nations shall flow unto it.
3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
To the house of the God of Jacob, and he will teach us of his
And we will walk in his
For out of Zion shall go forth the
And the word of the LORD from out of Jerusalem.
4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many
They shall beat their swords into
plowshares, and their spears
into pruning hooks.
Nation shall not lift up sword
Neither shall they learn war any
Compare to 2 Nephi 12.
2. The Hebrew word that translates
"mountains" also means nations and kingdoms, and
"highest/top" equates to chief, so we can have multiple meanings.
First, and not so apparent, is the spiritual meaning that refers to a condition
on a higher plane referred to metaphorically as the Lord's mountain. This
metaphor is used often and represents just the opposite to the sea, which is the dragon's or the
serpent's realm, Satan's. The Lord's mountain is also referred to as Zion when Zion is used as a
spiritual condition, not a physical place.
3. In Hebrew "house"
equates to temple. We learn from this that the true God would have us learn of
his ways, and expect us to live his commandments. His commandments constitute
"his law" which is the way of the true God.
4. This verse gives us an image of
peace, which is the message (the promise) of Christ. Cf. Isa. 32:17--"And
the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness
quietness and assurance forever." The
Scriptures, especially the New Testament, make it plain that peace, combined
with love and faith, come to us from God and Christ. For example, Paul, the
apostle, in most of his epistles greeted the recipient with a wish for them to
have peace from God and Jesus Christ.
5 O house of Jacob, come ye,
And let us walk in the light of the
6 Therefore, thou hast forsaken thy people, the house of Jacob,
Because they be replenished from the east,
And they are soothsayers
like the philistines,
And they please themselves with the children of strangers.
7 Their land is also full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures;
Their land is also full of horses, neither is there any end of their chariots:
8 Their land is also full of idols; they
worship the work of their hands,
That which their own fingers have
9 And the mean man boweth not down,
The great man is humbled not; therefore forgive him not.
10 O ye wicked ones, enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust,
For the fear of the LORD, lest the glory of his majesty shall smite thee.
11 And it shall come to pass the lofty looks of man shall be humbled,
And the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down into dust,
And the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.
12 For the day of the Lord of hosts soon cometh,
Yea, upon every one who is proud and lofty,
And upon every one who is lifted up; and he shall be brought low.
6. They are not "filled" with the Holy Ghost; they rely on soothsayers from the East.
7-8. These verses parallel each other saying the same thing. It is speaking of the spiritual condition of Israel.
9. "Mean," as in average or common. Neither the common man or the great man will bow down.
10. This verse sounds like a
warning to Israel, as well as to us in the latter-days.
11. The Lord of hosts will be
exalted, meaning revealed, meaning Jesus Christ. All the proud will be humbled
before Him. All false gods will be exposed as such.
12. The day of the Lord will be
that day when Jesus Christ will be revealed through a flood of great knowledge.
This flood will bring the destruction of the wicked by conversion(cp.1:28).
13 Yea, and the day of the LORD will
come upon all the cedars of Lebanon,
For they are high and lifted up;
and upon all the oaks of Bashan;
14 And upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills;
And upon all the nations which are lifted up,
And upon every people,
15 And upon every high tower,
upon every fortified wall;
16 And upon all the ships of the sea,
And upon all the ships from Tarshish,
all the tall and gallant barks.
17 The loftiness of man shall
be bowed down,
And the haughtiness of men shall be
And the LORD alone shall be exalted in
18 And the idols of wood and stone he shall utterly
19 And they shall shall be hidden away into the holes of the rocks,
And into the caves of the earth, for the fear of the LORD
shall come upon men,
And the glory of his majesty shall smite them, when he ariseth to shake
20 In that day a man shall cast his idols
of silver and his idols of gold,
Which he hath made for himself to
To the moles and to the
21 To go into the clefts of the
And into the tops of the ragged
For the fear of the LORD shall come upon
And the majesty of his glory will
smite them down,
When he ariseth to shake terribly
22 Cease ye from man, whose breath is
in his nostrils,
For wherein is he anything to be
12-17. In these verses we learn
some of Isaiah's symbolic terms for the proud and lofty. Most of these terms we
will see again, but without the explanation given here. "Ships" are
used to symbolize people because we come down to a planet of mostly water,
which, therefore, is referred to as "the sea," and mankind are referred to as
ships while we sojourn here. And in this same symbolism, the sea, or the great deep,
represents the realm of Satan, and he becomes the serpent of the sea, or dragon
of the deep.
Cf. Prov. 30:19, Isa. 33:21, Psa. 48:7, Psa. 107:23.
18-21. When their pride is
brought down, their shame will drive them into holes in the earth to hide from the majesty
of the Lord, and they will also hide their idols in shame, where they belong--in
22. Cease ye in the way of any man who's very life
is a gift of God. Next to God, man is nothing, let
alone any objects (idols) by him, even if they are made of silver and gold (v20).
1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of
Doth take away from Jerusalem, and
Judah, the stay and the staff,
The whole stay of bread, and the
whole stay of water:
2 The mighty man, and the man of war, the
And the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
3 The captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counselor,
And the skillful artificer, and the
4 And I will give children to be their
And young babes shall rule over them.
5 And the people shall be oppressed,
Every one by another,
And every one by his neighbor.
The young shall be against the
And the base shall be against the
6 When a man shall take hold of his
brother of the house of his father,
Saying, Thou hast the
clothing, be thou our ruler,
And let not this ruin be under thy
7 In that day shall he swear, saying,
I will not be an healer.
For in my house there is neither bread nor
Therefore make me not a ruler of the
people; for Jerusalem is ruined and Judah is fallen,
Because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD,
Which is an affront of his glory before his
1. "Bread and Water"
represent truth and knowledge, (Jesus is the bread and the water.) which had come from the leaders of
Israel. Now it is taken away (by the Lord) from those leaders listed in verses 2 and 3. Verse 4 says that
there leaders are now children, meaning the spiritually unqualified, instead of
prophets and the great, or those not holding the priesthood.
5.This equates "young" to "base," and "elderly" to "honorable,"
which is interesting.
8. "The clothing" suggests the Holy robes of the priesthood. They will search for spiritual leadership but find none.
7. "Healer" is used in
the same sense Christ used it, meaning a spiritual leader. "Bread"
means knowledge, and "clothes" means authority. For more about these
metaphors see note of 4:1.
8. Over and over, the Lord makes
it clear that Israel, meaning the Jews, not just the northern kingdom, has gone
into complete apostasy.
9 And their countenances doth witness against
And declares their sin to be even as Sodom,
And they cannot hide it; woe unto their
For they have rewarded evil even
10 Say ye to the righteous, that it
shall be well with him;
For they shall eat the fruit of
11 But say woe unto the wicked,
For it shall be a disaster for him;
For the reward of his hands shall be
12 As for my people, children are
their oppressors and women rule over them.
O my people, they which lead thee cause
thee to err and destroy the way of thy paths.
13 The LORD standeth up to plead his
cause, and standeth to judge the people.
14 The LORD will enter into judgment
with the ancients of his people;
The princes thereof, for they have eaten
up the vineyard;
The spoil of the poor is in your
15 What mean ye, that ye beat my
people to pieces,
And grind the faces of the poor?
saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
9. Either they cannot hide their
sins or they make no attempt to hide them, or both.
10-11. This is another way to express the law of the harvest- as ye
sow, so shall ye reap. Gal. 6:7.
12. Again Jehovah refers to their
leaders as women and children, emphasizing their lack of priesthood authority.
13. The leaders have destroyed the
vineyard (Israel). The spiritual leaders have literally and spiritually robbed the poor.
14. Ancients and princes equate to elders and/or leaders.
16 Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are
And they walk about with their stretched forth necks
and their wonton eyes,
Walking and mincing as they go,
and making a tinkling with their feet ornaments,
17 Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of
the daughters of Zion;
And the LORD will discover their
covered parts; in that day the Lord will take
The bravery of their tinkling
ornaments about their feet,
And their cauls, and their crescents
like the moon;
19 The chains, and the bracelets, and the
20 The bonnets, and the ornaments of the
And the headbands, and the tablets;
21 And the ear-rings, the rings, and nose
22 The changeable suits of apparel,
and the mantles;
And the wimples, and the crisping pins,
glasses; and the fine linen,
And the hoods, and
24 And it shall come to pass,
That instead of a sweet smell, there shall be a stink;
And instead of a girdle, a rent; and instead of well set hair,
And instead of a stomacher, a
girding of sackcloth; and a burning instead of
25 Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy mighty in the war.
26 And her gates shall lament and mourn.
And she being desolate shall sit upon
16. From 1:8 we know that the
"daughter of Zion," is Jerusalem in particular, and Israel in general.
17-20. So in hyperbole, and
speaking of Jerusalem or Israel as a women, he describes how he will humble
her--strip her of all her beauty, meaning her prophets, teachers, princes, and
consequently, her truths.
25. "Thy men," as
opposed to beasts (See note 46:8), means the ones that have been the spiritual
leaders, and they "will fall by the sword of the Lord." All of these
terms refer to being humbled before God. It will happen in the last days through
the flood of knowledge that is promised.
26. Jerusalem's gates in
particular, or Israel's gates in general, will lament and mourn. Picture ravaged
Israel, or Jerusalem, with her gates sagging from broken hinges, and creaking in
the wind as if a ghost town--anything but proud now, after being humbled, even
is the image these verses portray.
1 And in that day seven women shall take
hold of one man,
Saying, We will eat our own bread,
and wear our own apparel,
Only let us be called by thy name,
to taketh away our reproach.
2 In that day shall the branch of the
LORD be beautiful and glorious,
And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely,
To them that are escaped of Israel.
3 And it shall come to pass, he that is left in Zion,
And he that remaineth in Jerusalem
shall be called Holy,
Even every one that is written
among the living in Jerusalem.
4 When the Lord shall have washed
away the filth of the daughters of Zion,
And shall have purged the blood of
Jerusalem from the midst thereof,
By the spirit of his judgment, and by the
spirit of his burning,
5 And the LORD will create upon every
dwelling of mount Zion,
And upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day,
And the shining of a flaming fire by
For upon all the glory of Zion shall be a defense.
6 And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the
And for a place of refuge, and a
covert from storm and from rain.
Compare to 2 Nephi 14.
1.This verse uses three
metaphors. The first is the seven women. These seven women are metaphorical like
the woman that the Lord speaks of as his bride, meaning his Church, the people
(See 50:1, 54:4-7, 57:7-9).The number seven, in Jewish symbolism, means
"completeness," or "fullness," so this would mean, many people (See Customs, p. 239, Smith, Dictionary, 4:293 for a discussion on the
number seven). Second, to eat their own bread refers to metaphorical bread, the
same bread Jesus claimed to be, or in other words, the knowledge of salvation.
So, it means they reject his Gospel, at least partly, wishing to keep their old
ways. And third, they reject his apparel. His apparel represents his authority.
This metaphor is apparently based on the robes the priests wore when officiating
in the temple (the ephod, etc. Ex 28:4-43; Cf. Isa.3:7). It means, then, they
reject his authority, preferring their own; which means they will not give up
their traditions. It means they reject the whole truth of "him" that
they know is the "One," but they still want to be called by his name,
to take away their reproach. This tells us that in our day there will be many
churches that will call themselves Christians, but will deny a great deal of the
truths pertaining to Christ, or in other words, they will have only part of the
truth. Also implied is that to be called by some other name will bring shame.
Some will still cling to their false traditions. The true Church will be
glorious, and will include the remnant of Israel. This verse suggests the
"branch of the Lord" or the Church, will not be primarily Israelites,
but they will be part of it.
2-4. They will be part of the
Church (Zion) because they have been cleansed.
5-6. The Lord shall be a defense against the "foul weather" of the devil,
meaning the tough times of this mortal life or trial.
1 Now will I sing to my well beloved,
A song of my beloved, touching his
My well-beloved hath a vineyard in a
very fruitful hill.
2 And he fenced it and gathered out the
And he planted it with the choicest
And built a tower in the midst of it,
And also made a winepress therein.
And he looked for it to bring forth grapes,
But, alas, instead it has brought forth wild
3 And now, O inhabitants of
Jerusalem, and ye men of Judah,
Judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my
vineyard as to what was done.
4 What could have been done more to my
vineyard that I have not done in it?
Wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, it
brought forth wild grapes,
5 And now go to; for I will tell you what I am going to do
to my vineyard--
I will take away the hedge thereof,
and it shall be eaten up;
And I will break down the wall thereof,
And it shall be trodden down.
6 And I will lay it waste;
It shall not be pruned, nor
But there shall come up briers
I will also command the clouds that
they not rain.
7 For the vineyard of the LORD of
hosts is the house of Israel,
And the men of Judah his pleasant
plant; and he looked for judgment,
But beheld oppression; and he looked for righteousness, but beheld a cry.
Compare to 2 Nephi 15
1.Here, he uses a vine or
vineyard to represent Israel in a parable, and confirms the meaning of this
metaphor in verse seven.
2-4. Jehovah laments the shameful
condition of Israel, the vine.
5-6. Because it is hopeless,
Jehovah must destroy his vineyard (the people of Israel), they have become
"briars and thorns," not "vines" or "trees" producing or bearing good fruit. His commands
for the clouds to not rain represents the withdrawal or living waters, meaning
His Prophets and, therefore, spiritual truths.
7. Jehovah explains what the
vineyard and plants represent, and why the destruction came upon them.
8 Woe unto all those that join house
And lay field to field, till there
can be no place,
That they may be placed alone in the
midst of the earth.
9 In mine ears said the LORD of
In truth, many houses shall be
Even great and fair, and without
10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall
yield one bath,
And the seed of an homer shall only yield an ephah.
11 Woe unto them that rise up early in
That they may follow strong
That continue until night,
And wine inflame them!
12 And the harp, and the Viol,
And the tabret, and the pipe,
And wine, are in all their feasts;
But they regard not the work of the
Neither do they consider the
operation of his hands.
13 Therefore my people are gone into
captivity, because they have no knowledge.
And their honorable men are famished, and their multitudes are dried up with thirst.
14 Therefore hell hath enlarged
herself, and opened her mouth without
And their glory, and their multitude,
and their pomp,
And he that rejoiceth, shall descend
8. A "House" is,
metaphorically, their doings or themselves, so this describes people too busy to
hear the Gospel. It is similar to the kind of house you should not build on
sand. In Hebrew, "house" is the same word as "temple" and we
know our bodies should be; i.e., temples of God.
9. "Many houses
desolate" means the people are a waste. There is no spiritual growth. Even
if taken literally the meaning would be the same; i.e., those people living in
the houses are a waste to the Lord--a spiritual waste.
10. The Lord's vineyard will yield
very few righteous people. Many, many of the house of Israel will be no worth to
11-12. Woe unto those who fill
their day with drinking and parties or anything else that leaves no time to
learn about the Lord. To do this is the same as saying that they are completely
self-sufficient and have no need of the Lord.
13. Israel has lost their
knowledge of God, which is represented by their being famished (for bread), and
thirst (for the living waters), and they are left dried up in spiritual truth. Spiritually they have become captured because of their ignorance of the true god.
15 And the mean man shall be brought
And mighty men shall be humbled;
And the eyes of the lofty shall be
16 But the LORD of hosts shall be
exalted in judgment,
And God that is holy shall be
sanctified in righteousness.
17 Then shall the lambs feed as in his
pasture after their manner;
And in the waste places of the fat
ones shall the strangers find provender.
18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin, as with a cart rope.
19 That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work that we may see it.
And let the counsel of the Holy one of Israel draw nigh,
And come, that we may know it.
20 Woe unto them that call evil good,
and good evil,
Them that put darkness for light and
light for darkness,
That put the bitter for the sweet, and the sweet for the bitter.
21 Woe unto them that are wise in
their own eyes, and prudent in their own
22 Woe unto them that are mighty to
drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink,
23 Which justify the wicked for a bribe, and take away the righteousness of the
24 Therefore as a fire devoureth
the stubble, and as the flame consumeth the chaff,
Their root shall be rottenness, and their blossom shall
Because they have cast away the law of the
LORD of hosts,
And despised the word of the
Holy One of Israel.
15. These verses return to the
promise of a change for Israel in the last days. All of the common men or
average men ("mean man"), as well as the powerful shall be
humbled, and it will be done by their finding out the truth about their God.
Every knee shall bow down and know the Lord of hosts, Jesus Christ.
17. This is a synonymous parallelism. "His lambs" (the
Israelites, and spiritually young) are now the "strangers" (proselytes) and shall now learn
the truth, "eating" in his pasture. The "fat ones" are those
that are fat with truth and knowledge, that have been "feeding in His
pasture." The "waste places" refers not to the advanced truths, but to the
"milk." This is a prophecy that the true Gospel will come back to Israel,
precept upon precept.
18. This verse gives us the image
of one dragging sins by ropes of falsehood, which are strong ropes,
like cart ropes, suggesting that sins are a real and great burden.
19. Israel doesn't know,, but they should ask.
20. Israel has turned justice upside down for the poor, the orphan, the widow.
23. In our time, "reward" is not as clear as "bribe," which is what is
meant--so the change.
24. Here the Lord's "words" are equated to the "law" in a parallelism. Law = words= things.
The people of Israel are compared to a plant who's blossoms will never produce any fruit.
25 Therefore is the anger of the Lord
kindled against them;
And he hath stretched forth his
hand against them, and hath smitten them,
And the hills did tremble, and
their carcasses were refuse in the midst of the streets.
For all this his anger is not turned away,
but his hand is stretched out still.
26 And he will lift up an ensign unto
the Gentiles from far.
And will hiss unto them from
the end of the earth,
And, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly.
None shall weary nor stumble among
27 None shall slumber nor sleep,
Neither shall their girdle be loosed,
Nor the latchet of their shoes be
28 Whose arrows shall be sharp, and
all their bows bent;
Their horses' hoofs shall be counted
And their wheels like that of the
Their roaring shall be like a lion,
29 They shall roar like young lions.
Yea, they shall roar and lay hold of
And shall carry it away safe, and
none shall deliver it.
30 And in that day they shall roar
against them like the roaring of the sea;
And if one look unto the land,
behold, darkness and sorrow,
And the light is darkened in the
26. These verses describe "In that day" or the last days, when Israel will
again accept the truth. The Lord will lift up an
ensign (His Church), which will bring the nations from afar, like a swarm of
bees, which have been hissed out of their hive by the "beekeeper" (Lord).
27-29. They shall come surely,
with great power (spiritual), with great strength, taking their prey, the
Israelites, by conversion. They (the Israelites) will be safe(29c), and their
conversion will be final.
30. Their roar (message) will be
as persistent and persuasive as the sea, and from their perspective,
all the land has been dark and sorrowful, and even then many will give up their
traditions slowly and with some sorrow.
1 In the same year that king Uzziah
I saw also the Lord sitting upon
High and lifted up and his train
filled the temple.
2 Above him were seraphim, each one had
With twain they could veil his
And with twain, hide his location,
And with twain they did fly.
3 One cried unto another and said,
Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of
The whole earth is full of his glory and majesty.
4 And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried,
5 And the temple was filled with smoke.*Then said
I, Woe is me! for I am undone;
Because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of
For mine eyes have seen the King upon his throne in heaven, the LORD of
6 Then flew one of the seraphim to me
with a live coal in his hand,
Which he had taken with the tongs from
off the altar;
7 And he laid the coal upon my mouth,
Lo, this live coal hath touched thy
And thine iniquity is taken
away, and thy sin has been purged.
Compare to 2 Nephi 16.
2 John 12:9 tells us what is seen in this vision--the glory of Jesus, even the absolute Lord sitting on a
throne with robes so great the train filled the temple. If He was sitting and
wearing a robe. It strongly suggests that God is physical like a man. Cf. Ezek. 1:26.
2. Above his great robes were the
seraphim. A seraph is thought to be a being of light or of fire, and a servant
of The Most High. The wings represent the powers the seraphim have. That is to
move about freely and secretly. (Cf. D&C 38:1, 109:79.)
3. "Most Holy is the
Lord," and "his glory" is best explained by the Lord in Moses
1:39, "For behold this is my work and my glory--to bring to pass the
immortality and eternal life of man." For that purpose was the earth
created. That is the earth's fulfillment, and why it is full of his glory--not
to mention that everything in it is his creation. (Cf. 14:26)
4. To attest to the validity of
this vision, the foundation shook, and the smoke (cloud or mist) appeared. This
was a familiar sign from Israel's past, indicating Jehovah's presence.
5. Isaiah affirms who it is that
he sees. Undone = struck dumb = ruined
6-7. By symbolic fire, he is made
clean, suggesting baptism by fire, which is the gift of the Holy Ghost, which
follows a water baptism, which makes one clean before the Lord.
8 Also I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?
Then I said unto him, Here am I, send me; and he said, Go, and tell this people,
Hear ye indeed; but they understood not; and see ye indeed;
they perceived not.
10 Make the heart of this people fat,
And make their ears heavy; shut their eyes,
Lest they see with their eyes, and hear with
And understand with their heart, and be converted and be healed.
11 Then said I, Lord, how long? and he said, Until all the cities be wasted,
And are without inhabitant, and houses are without a man,
And the land be utterly desolate,
12 And the LORD have removed men far
For there shall be a great forsaking
in the midst of the land.
13 But yet there shall be a
tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten,
As a teil-tree, or as an oak, whose substance is in them,
When they shall cast their leaves;
So the holy seed shall be the
8. After his cleansing, a complete
change takes place. Instead of being afraid and claiming to be destroyed
(undone), he is ready to go on a mission for the Lord. Note that the Lord
doesn't speak for Himself, but for "us," meaning for those with Him.
9-10. But, instead of being
forgiven, as the seraphim had just done for him, he is to do just the opposite
on his mission.
11-12. Discouraged he said,
"How long?" Cities and houses are used frequently as a metaphor for
"people," and here it would be meant in a figurative sense. In other
words, there wouldn't be a man left in the eyes of God, or there would not be a
"man" left, in a spiritual sense.
13. A small part, a tenth, shall
survive the Lord's destruction. But even they will be consumed, or taken away again and
scattered, but as the seeds of a elm or oak tree, that have life in them, and
can pass through an animal with the "old leaves" (dung). They will be
the start of a new nation.
1 And it came to pass in the days of
The son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah,
That Rezin, king of
Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king
Went up toward Jerusalem to war
against it, but they could not prevail against
2 And it was told the house of David, Syria is confederate with Ephraim,
And his heart was moved, and the heart of
As the trees are moved with the wind.
3 Then said the LORD unto Isaiah, Go
forth to meet Ahaz,
Thou, and Shearjashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool,
In the highway of
the fuller's field; and say unto him, Take heed, and be
quiet; fear not;
Neither be fainthearted because of the two tails of
these smoking firebrands,
For the fierce anger of Rezin with Syria,
and the son of Remaliah,
5 Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son
Have taken evil counsel against thee,
6 Let us go up against Judah, and vex it,
And let us make a breach therein for us,
And set a king in the midst of it, yea, the son of Tabeal.
7 Thus saith the Lord GOD, it shall not stand, neither shall it come to pass.
8 For the head of Syria is
the city of Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin;
And within threescore and five years shall Ephraim be broken, that it be not a people.
Compare to 2 Nephi 17
This is some of Isaiah's day. His
prophecies about an alliance that Syria made with Israel (the northern kingdom),
against Judah (the southern kingdom). Smoking firebrands, means
trouble makers. Tabeal means "pleasing to God" (Strong's Exhaustive Concordance).
9 And the head of Ephraim is
Samaria, and the head of Samaria is Remaliah's son.
If ye will not believe surely ye
shall not be established.
10 Moreover the LORD spake again unto Ahaz, saying,
11 Ask thee a sign of the LORD
Ask it either in the depths, or in the height above.
12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD.
13 And he said, Hear ye now, O
house of David;
Is it a small thing for you to weary
But will ye weary my God also?
14 Therefore the Lord
himself shall give you a sign.
Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and
bear a son, and call his name Immanuel.
15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil and choose the good.
16 For before the child shall know to
refuse the evil and choose the good,
The land that thou abhorrest shall be
forsaken of both her kings.
17 The LORD shall bring upon thee and
upon thy people,
And upon thy father's house, such days that have not come,
From the day Ephraim departed from
Judah, even the king of Assyria.
18 And it shall come to pass in that
day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly,
That is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt,
And for the bee that is in the land of
14. The sign is the virgin birth
of Jesus Christ.
15. According to K&D, butter
means thickened milk, which was/and is a food of desert people. It means he will
"eat" truth and knowledge, learning the ways of God in his youth.
"Meat" is also used this way, but to represent knowledge on a higher
level. (Cf. John 1:16, 6:55, 1 Cor. 3:2, 1 Cor. 10:, Heb. 5:12, Phil. 2:6-9,
16. But before the age of accountability....
17. The true king of
"Assyria," or king of the "world," is none other than Jesus
Christ. He is the subject of the sign in verse fourteen, and will bring upon
them days of righteousness, and truth and knowledge like they haven't seen since
Ephraim departed (when wickedness began to rule). This indicates that Israel has
gone down hill spiritually ever since.
18. Egypt and Assyria represent
the outside world, meaning the Gentiles, who will come at the command of the
Lord (the King of Assyria) like the swarms of river flies and swarming bees. The
name "Deseret" meant "bees" at that time, and so suggests swarms from Deseret.(See Lehi in the Desert, and the world of the Jeredites, by Hugh Nibley,
pgs 184-189, Bookcraft, SLC, Utah, 1988.) "Hiss" is translated as "whistle" by
19 And they shall come, and rest all of them,
In the desolate valleys, in the holes of rocks, upon all
thorns, and upon all bushes.
20 In the same day shall the Lord
shave you with a razor that is hired,
By them beyond the river, by the
king of Assyria,
The head, and the hair of your
And it shall consume the beard.
21 And it shall come to pass in that day,
That a man shall nourish a young cow
and two sheep;
22 And it shall come to pass, for the
abundance of milk that they shall give,
He shall eat butter; for butter
shall every one eat that is left behind in the land.
23 And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be,
Where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings,
It shall be even for briers and
24 With arrows and with bows shall men
Because all the land shall become briers
25 And on all the hills that shall be digged with a mattock,
There shall not come thither the
fear of briers and thorns;
But it shall be for the sending
forth of oxen,
And the treading of lesser
19. Valleys represent places
normally inhabited, but Israel has been desolate of truth, The briers and thorns
have been hiding in the holes in the rocks. These "swarming bees" will
seek them out wherever they are. Thorns and bushes are defective/wicked trees or
vines (See 5:1-7).
20. The king of Assyria and his great flood of men is used as a type or
pattern for a similar invasion by missionaries with the truth that are to come. To be shaven was to be shamed
and humbled, which was usually done to prisoners upon their capture; and so it
typifies how these converts will be humbled before they are "taken" by
21-22. They will receive milk,
representing the basic truths of the Gospel, and fatness, which represents the
richest, choicest morsels of truth.
23. Where there were once
thousands of the spiritually strong (his vines in ancient Israel), now the
missionaries find "briers and thorns" to teach.
24. Now men, the spiritually
strong, will come with strength (truth), to teach the "briers and
25. On the Lord's
"mountain" will again be found those who will "pasture" on
the truth that is found there. Cattle and lesser cattle represents the wicked people that
will feed in the pasture of the "Good Shepherd.
1 Moreover, the LORD said unto me,
Take thee a great roll, and write in it,
With a man's pen concerning Mahershalalhashbaz.
2 And I took unto me faithful
witnesses to record,
Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the
son of Jeberechiah.
3 And I went unto the prophetess; and
she conceived and bare a son;
Then said the LORD of Hosts unto
me, Call his name Maher-shalal-hash-baz;
4 For behold, the child shall not have
knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother,
Before the riches of
Damascus and the spoil of Samaria,
Shall be taken away before the
king of Assyria.
5 The LORD spake also unto me again,
6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth,
The waters of Shiloh that go
And rejoice in Rezin, and Remaliah's son,
Compare to 2 Nephi 18
1-4. This is another way to say,
within three years, when children begin to say father and mother.
6. The softly flowing waters of Shiloh is an image of peace and safety,
as opposed to the rampaging waters of the dragon or the devil. These water represent
truth and knowledge from God. Shiloh was the city where the Ark of the Covenant was kept.
Shiloh also was a symbol for the Messiah. See Gen 49:1, JST. Gen 50:24, Ezek
Note for verse 8, next page.
The waters that flow softly from the Lord are contrasted with the flood
from Assyria (v7). Likewise, in a parallel comparison, they rejected the protection
of Jehovah's wings, so instead they got Assyria's wings(v8). This use
of "wings" refers to the image of being protected by the wings of a
mother hen or winged cherub--an image of divinity in the Old Testament. This
image of God as a bird was well known to Israel; e.g.., "How excellent is
thy loving kindness, O God! therefore the children have put their trust under
the shadow of thy wings " (Psalms 36:7). See also Ruth 2:12; Psalms 17:8,
57:1, 61:4, 63:7. This image appears first in Gen 1:2, where the Hebrew word
"râchaph" appears. Its root is "brood" or
"flutter." The KJV has it as "moved," others as
"brooding" or "hovering." Jesus used this image when he
said, "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, . . .how often would I have gathered thy
children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would
not!" (Luke 13:34).
7 Now therefore, behold, the Lord
bringeth up upon them,
The waters of the river, strong and many; even the king of Assyria,
And all his glory; and he shall come up over all his
channels, and go over all his banks.
8 And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, reaching
even to the neck;
And the stretching out of his wings
shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
9 Associate yourselves, O ye people,
and ye shall be broken in pieces;
And give ear, all ye of far
countries; Gird yourselves,
And ye shall be broken in pieces;
And ye shall be broken in pieces.
10 Take counsel together, and it
shall come to naught;
Speak the word, and it shall not
stand; for God is with us.
11 For the LORD spake thus to
me with a strong hand, and instructed
That I should not walk in the way of
this people; and also saying, Say ye not,
A conspiracy, to all to whom this people shall say, A conspiracy;
Neither fear ye there fear, nor be afraid.
13 Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself, and let him be your fear,
And let him be your dread, and he shall be for you a sanctuary
But for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offense
to both the houses of Israel;
And for a gin and a snare to the inhabitants of
15 And many among them shall stumble,
And be broken, and be snared,
And be taken.
7. Like a flooding river,
anciently Assyria came to destroy Israel; and in the last days. in a similar
manner, Jesus (the King of Assyria, from 7:17) and his missionaries will come
like a flood with the truth to convert/destroy them.
8. See note on previous page.
9. Being part of the type, broken in pieces means overcome or changed
from their old set beliefs, and pride, and traditions.
11-12. This forecasts conspiracies
against the Lord and his servant, which will probably involve much of the world. I
can only guess it will be all those who might think the Lord's servant of Isaiah is the
antichrist of the last days that they have invented. Many people have
misconstrued verses about Satan, thinking they are about some antichrist. I am
sure they are wrong.
13. "To fear the Lord" is
to have reverence for him, to trust him.
14. The Lord is again represented
by "rock" or "stone," who will be the one who "snares
them" to the truth. (Cf. 1 Pet. 2:8, Isa. 57:14.)
16 Bind up the testimony,
Seal the law among my disciples.
17 And I will wait upon the LORD of
That hideth his face from the house
I will look for the Lord and put my trust in him.
18 Behold, I, and the children whom
the LORD hath given me,
Are for signs and for wonders in Israel
from the LORD of hosts,
19 Which dwelleth in mount Zion;
and when they say unto you,
Seek unto them that have familiar spirits,
And unto wizards that peep and
Answer and say, Should not a people seek unto their
For the living unto the dead, unto the law, and unto the testimony?
If they speak not according to
this word, it is because there is no light in them.
21 And they shall pass through the land hardly placed and hungry; and it shall come to pass,
they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves,
And curse their king and their God,
and look upward.
22 Then they shall look unto the
But behold trouble, and darkness,
Dimness of anguish,
And shall be driven to
16-17. Isaiah encourages them to
get a testimony (Cf. D&C 88:84, 109:46.), obey the law, and wait, as a
prospective bride would wait for the bridegroom according to Hebrew marriage
customs. Wait for him that cometh, that hideth from them.
18. Isaiah and his followers are
signs and portents to wicked Israel.
19-20. He goes on to say, when
others recommend familiar spirits (ghosts), and wizard (witchcraft) to gain knowledge,
they should not listen to them. That they, instead, have been taught to consult
their God (through the prophets and prayer), and their dead (written testimonies,
which would include their scriptures), the laws (as given by God), and unto each
others testimonies--four ways to identify God's true church.
20(c). Compare 26:9 to see that
the "dawning light" is the ordinances of God.
21-22. Anciently, they did not
heed his words, but were hungry for bread (truth). They shall expect help from
God, but will lose the important truths about him (go into darkness), looking
for answers from the world.
1 Nevertheless it shall not remain
gloomy for those that have had vexation.
When at the first he lightly afflicted
the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali,
And afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea,
From the land far beyond Jordan, the
Galilee of the nations.
2 The people that walk in darkness have
seen a great light,
They that dwell in a land of the
shadow of death.
Upon them in gloom hath the light
3 Thou hast multiplied the nation,
And increased the joy;
They rejoice at thy presence,
According to the joy at harvest
Or as men are joyful when they
divide a spoil.
4 For thou hast broken the yoke of his
And the staff across his
The rod of his oppressor,
As in the day of Midian.
5 For all the boots of battle,
And the garments covered with blood,
Shall become the fuel for a burning
6 To us a child is born, unto us a son
And the government shall be put upon his
And his name shall be called,
Wonderful, and Counselor,
The mighty God, The everlasting Father,
The Prince of Peace.
7 Of the increase of his government and
peace there shall be no end.
Upon the throne of David, and upon
his kingdom, to bring order unto it,
And to establish it with judgment and
justice, from henceforth even forever.
The zeal of the LORD of hosts will
8 The Lord hath sent a word into
And it hath lighted upon Israel.
Compare to 2 Nephi 19.
1. They will not remain lost. In
the last days, Israel will be made glorious from other nations, even from the
Gentiles in the tops of the mountains. See 2:1-3, 5:26-30.
2. Those who have been in the
darkness (8:22), will have a great light come to them (knowledge). This speaks
as if it has happened. This has a double meaning: first, reflects Israel's
return to the truth; second, Satan's defeat by Christ.
3. "Thou [God], has made them
to have joy," from this "great light," which is Christ.
4. For God has given them rest (peace) from
their sins, through the Atonement.
5. The boots and garments covered
with blood represent everyone's sins or battles with sin, which becomes a
positive thing--one of learning--because of the atonement of Jesus Christ.
(Cf. 1:12, trampling)
6-8. The Son of God, even Jesus
Christ, shall be born to be their king upon the throne of David, forever.
9 And all the people shall know,
Even Ephraim and the inhabitants of
That say in the pride and arrogance
of their hearts,
10 The bricks are fallen, but we will
build with hewn stones;
The sycamores are cut down, but we
will replace them with cedars.
11 Therefore the LORD shall set up
the adversaries of Rezin against him,
And join his enemies together; Syrians before,
And the Philistines behind;
And they shall devour Israel with an open mouth.
And for all this his anger is not turned
away, but his hand is stretched out still.
13 For the people returneth not unto
him that smiteth, neither do they seek the LORD of hosts.
14 Therefore the Lord will cut off from
Israel both head and tail, branch and reed in one day.
15 The ancient, he is the
head, and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.
16 For the leaders of this people
cause them to err,
And they that are led of them
17 Therefore the Lord shall have no
joy in their young men,
Neither shall he have mercy on
their fatherless and their widows;
For everyone is an hypocrite and
evildoer, and every mouth speaketh folly.
And for all this his anger is not turned
away, but his hand is stretched out still.
18 For wickedness burneth as the
fire; it shall devour the briers and
And shall kindle in the thickets of
And they shall mount up like the
lifting up of smoke.
19 Through the wrath of the LORD of
hosts is the land darkened,
And the people shall be like the
fuel of a fire;
No man shall spare his brother.
20 And he shall snatch on the right hand,
and be hungry;
And he shall eat on the left hand,
and they shall not be satisfied;
They shall eat every man the flesh
of his own arm.
21 Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim,
They together shall be against
For all this his anger is not turned
away, but his hand is stretched out still.
10. They say, metaphorically, The
great (bricks and trees of Israel) have fallen, which means that Israel has lost
the truth. But they say we (without God) can restore them. In
other words, we can restore the truth from the untruth, and without God's help.
12-17. These are still more
indictments of wicked Israel, how her false prophets and teachers will be cut
off. Because of their false teachings, all are in error.
As usual, the indictment is accompanied by promises of returning to greatness,
when they change their ways.
18. Their wickedness will destroy
them, like a fire destroys briers and thorns
20. No matter where they look, the
truth (bread) is not to be found. They shall have only their own folly (from
v17)to "eat." Which is to say, they will eat not the "meat"
of the Lord, only their own worthless knowledge (their arm, which is to say
their strength, not the strength/arm of the Lord).
1 Woe unto them that decree
And that write grievousness which they have
2 To turn away the needy from
To take the right from the poor,
That widows may be their prey,
And that they may rob the
3 And what will ye do in the day of
And in the desolation which shall
soon come from afar?
To whom will ye flee for
help, and where will ye leave your glory?
4 Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners,
and they shall fall under the slain.
5 And for all this his anger is not
turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
O Assyrian, rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand
is for mine indignation!
6 I will send him against an
hypocritical nation, against the people of my wrath,
And I will give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the
And to tread them down into the dust, like the mire
of the streets.
7 Howbeit he meaneth not so, and neither doth his heart think so?
But in his heart is to destroy, and cut off
8 He saith, Are not my princes
9 Is not Calno as Carchemish?
Is not Hamath as
Is not Samaria as Damascus?
10 As my hand hath founded the
kingdoms of the idols,
And whose graven images did excel them
of Jerusalem and of Samaria,
11 Shall I not, as I have done unto Samaria
and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and to her idols?
12 Wherefore it shall come to pass that when the Lord hath performed
his whole work,
Upon mount Zion, and upon Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the
Of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks;
Compare to 2 Nephi 20.
1-2. Woe unto the leaders that
pass unrighteous rulings that rob the widows and orphans.
Where will you leave your
precious riches (ill gotten gains) for safe keeping?
4-11. The Lord makes it clear
that wicked Israel is to brought down by Assyria. They will be humbled just as
Judah was. 5b and 6a seem to be a synonymous parallelism and it is the Lord that
has righteous anger (indignation), so it is corrected from "their" to "for mine."
8. Are not my "princes"
(religious leaders) just the same as heathen kings?
9. They are two of a kind. Now there is no difference between Samaria--an Israelite town, and Damascus----a Syrian town.
They are all idol worshipers.
11-12. Oh what a strong indictment of
Israel. They are likened to the Samaritans, who they hated so much. He says that
he will destroy them the same way. After using Assyria to punish
Israel, the Lord will punish the King of Assyria for his pride.
13 For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have
done these things, for I am prudent;
And I have moved their borders,
and have robbed them of their treasures,
And I have put down the inhabitants
like a valiant man.
14 And my hand hath found as a nest,
And as one gathereth eggs that are left,
Have I gathered all the earth;
And there was none that moved a wing,
And none that opened the mouth to utter a
15 Shall the ax boast against him that heweth therewith?
Or, shall the saw magnify itself over
him that shaketh it?
As if the rod should shake itself
against them that lift it up,
Or as if the staff should lift
itself up, as if it were not just wood.
16 Therefore the Lord, the Lord of
hosts, shall send among his fat ones, leanness,
And under his glory he shall kindle
a burning like the burning of a fire.
17 And the light of Israel shall be for a
fire, his Holy One for a flame;
And shall burn and shall devour his thorns and briers
in one day;
18 And consume the glory of his
forest, and his fruitful field,
Both body and soul; they shall be sick and wasted away;
And they shall be as when a standard-bearer faints.
19 The rest of the trees of his
forest will be few,
So few that a child may write them down.
20 It shall come to pass in that day,
That the remnant of Israel,
And the escaped of the house of
Shall no more again stay upon him
that smote them;
But shall stay upon the LORD, the
Holy One of Israel, in truth.
21 The remnant shall return, yea,
even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God.
22 For though thy people, Israel, be
as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant shall return.
The consumption decreed shall
overflow with righteousness;
13-14. These verses seem to apply
to Satan as much as they do to the King of Assyria. The King of Assyria would
then be a type for Satan. All of these verses seem to agree with this scenario.
Anyway, the king of Assyria takes the credit, and boasts of his greatness.
One translation has him saying that he could do it because he is a genius--sounds like Satan.
15. Satan/King of Assyria boasts,
even when he has no more right to than an axe, a saw, or a staff that has been
used for a tool. Assyria was a tool of God, as is Satan.
17. The light of Israel is Jesus
Christ, and through the Atonement he shall burn up the forests of Satan, or in
other words, defeat him.
18. So few will be left that a
child could list them. This suggests that only the sons of perdition will be
left to Satan. All others will be saved through the grace of Jesus Christ.
20. The remnant of Israel
that had followed Satan will now stay/rely, on the Lord.
21-22. A remnant will return
because of an overflowing of mercy from Jehovah.
23 For the Lord GOD of hosts shall
make a consumption,
Even determined, in the midst of all
24 Therefore saith the Lord GOD of
O my people that dwellest in Zion,
Be not afraid of the Assyrian,
Who shall smite with a rod,
And lift up his staff,
After the ways of Egypt.
25 For yet a very little while,
And mine indignation shall cease,
And mine anger go to their
26 The LORD of hosts shall stir up a
whip for him,
According to the slaughter of Midian
at the rock of Oreb.
And as his rod was upon the sea, so
shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.
27 And it shall come to pass in that
day that his burdens shall be taken away,
Taken from off thy shoulders, and
his yoke taken from off thy neck;
And the yoke shall be destroyed
because of the anointing.
28 He is come to Aiath, he is passed
At Michmash he hath laid up his
29 They are gone over the passageway,
And taken lodging at Geba;
Ramah is afraid;
Gibeah of Saul is fled.
30 Lift up the voice, O daughter of Gallim;
Cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth!
31 Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim
gather themeselves to flee.
32 As yet shall he remain at Nob that day; he shall shake his fist against the
Of the daughter of
Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.
33 Behold, the Lord, the LORD of
hosts, shall lop the bough with terror;
The high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the
haughty shall be humbled.
34 And he shall cut down the thickets of
the forest with iron;
And Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.
23-27. The Lord promises that the Assyrians (Satan and death) will be destroyed.
28-34. "He" is the Lord (V 23). The meanings of the names of the towns hide the message. The following approx. meanings come from
Strong's Exhaustive concordance. (28) He (the Lord) has come to "ruin"
(on the cross), he has passed through the "terror," being cast down (crucifixion). His memory of truth stores his
(29b)Lodging at the "house" (temple). (29c)The "seat of idolatry" is afraid. (29d)The
"little hill" in comparison to the Lord's Mountain, making demands (Satan's efforts) has fled.(30)
springs of water (living waters). (30b)Hear it unto the "crushed by the Lion" (Satan)--O poor
"testimony." (31a)"The dung hill" (Satan's world) has been removed out of the way. (31b)"Gebim"
waters of the well or cistern (32)"nod" means rivers (living waters).
1 And there shall come forth a rod,
Out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow
out of his roots.
2 And the spirit of the LORD shall
rest upon him,
The spirit of wisdom and
The spirit of counsel and might,
The spirit of knowledge, and of the fear of the LORD;
3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the Lord;
And he shall not judge after the sight of his
Neither reprove after the hearing of his
4 But with righteousness shall he
judge the poor,
And reprove with equity for the meek
of the earth;
And he shall smite the earth with
the rod of his mouth,
And with the breath of his lips
shall he slay the wicked.
5 And righteousness shall be the
girdle of his loins,
And faithfulness the girdle of
Compare to 2 Nephi 21.
D&C 113:1- asks and tells us:
"Who is the stem of Jesse spoken of in the first, ...and 5th verses of the
11th ISAIAH of Isaiah? Verily thus saith the Lord: It is Christ. What is the
rod...? It is a servant in the hands of Christ, who is...of
Jesse...[and]...Ephraim, or of the house of Joseph, on whom there is laid much
power." This refers to the Lord's servant who prepares the way for the
return of Christ in the latter-days.
1-5. All these describe the
Lord's servant. The Angel Moroni told Joseph Smith in 1823 that these verses
were about to be fulfilled (See JS.-H 2:40).
4. With his knowledge (the rod of
his power/the breath of his lips) he shall slay the wicked, which means he will
convert them with the truth; so they are no longer wicked.
6 The wolf also shall dwell with the
And the leopard shall lie down with the kid;
And the calf, and the young lion,
And fatling, together;
A little child shall lead them.
7 And the cow and the bear shall feed,
Their young ones shall lie down
And the lion shall also eat straw
like the ox.
8 And the sucking child shall play on the
hole of the asp,
And the weaned child shall put his
hand on the cockatrice' den.
9 They shall not hurt, neither shall they
destroy in all my holy mountain;
For the earth shall be full of the
knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
10 In that day there shall be a root of
Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of
To it shall the Gentiles
seek; and his rest shall be glorious.
11 And it shall come to pass in that
That the Lord shall set his
hand the second time,
To recover the remnant of his people
which shall have been left,
From Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and
from Cush, and from Elam,
And from Shinar; and from Hamath, and from the
islands of the sea.
6-9. This image of peace and safety indicates that
the Lord's servant will prepare the world for Christ. The
earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the Lord. The Lord's servant will bring
knowledge from the Lord, and about the Lord.
10. D&C 113:6 reads: "The
root of Jesse is a descendant of Jesse, as well as of Joseph, unto whom rightly
belongs the priesthood, and the keys of the kingdom, for an ensign, and for the
gathering of my people in the last days. To him the Gentiles shall gather."
This could refer to the Prophet Joseph Smith, who restored the true Church to
the Gentiles, and who's army of missionaries will come, bringing light and
knowledge of God. It could also refer to the Lord's servant, which is
likely because he is the supporting character of the Book of Isaiah, Jesus being
the star. Even then, the servant's work grows out of what Joseph started.
11. This is clearly the promise of the gathering of Israel (the Jews), from
the across the whose world to Zion, or in other words, to the true God. "His
hand" is a pseudonym for the servant of the last days. He will be the man
like unto Moses, that will finally lead the Jews out of captivity
figuratively, like they were led out of Egypt literally.
12 And he shall raise up an ensign on high for
And they shall assemble the outcasts of
And gather together the dispersed of
From the four corners of all the earth.
13 The envy of Ephraim shall depart,
And the adversaries of Judah,
be cut off.
Ephraim shall not envy Judah,
And Judah shall not vex Ephraim;
14 But they shall fly upon the
Of the Philistines flank toward the
And they shall spoil them of the
Together hey shall lay their hand
on Edom and Moab,
And all the children of Ammon shall be obedient unto them.
15 And the LORD shall utterly destroy the
tongue of the Egypt sea,
And with his mighty east wind shall he shake his hand over the river,
And shall smite it in the seven streams, and make the men go over dry shod.
16 And there shall be an highway
there for the remnant of his people,
Which shall be left from
Assyria, like as it was to Israel,
In the day that he came up out of
the land of Egypt.
1-12. There shall be an ensign, meaning The Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints, to gather the remnant of his people----the dispersed of
1-16. Through the Lord, peace
will come, and Judah and Ephraim will be united, to bring peace to all.
13. All of Israel's old enemies
will be overcome. That is the image, but it means, they too, will see the
light--will be overcome. Their old enemies will be converted, not destroyed.
15. Both the sea and the river
represent Satan's realm, or Satan's strength, so this means he will be defeated.
This could have a twofold application: first, it could refer to the Atonement,
which defeated sin and death; and second, it could refer to the Millennium when
Satan will be bound for 1000 years. Assyria is the river (See 8:7).
16. The "highway" is a
high way of truth and knowledge of God, which includes the temple of the Lord,
which is a place of learning; knowledge is the only way to escape from the
wicked world (Assyria). The temple is analogous to the Red Sea,
in that it is also an escape route. The temple is an escape route from the world
and spiritual death, from the slavery of Satan.
1 And in that day thou shalt say,
O LORD, I will praise thee;
Even though thou wast angry with me,
Thine anger is turned away, and thou
2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will
trust in him and be not afraid;
For the Lord JEHOVAH is my strength
and my song; he also has become my salvation.
3 Therefore with joy shall ye draw
water out of the wells of salvation.
4 In that day shall ye say, Praise
the LORD, call upon his name,
And declare all of his doings among
Make mention that his name is
5 Sing unto the LORD,
For he hath done excellent things;
Let this be made known in all the earth.
6 Sing out, and shout out, thou inhabitant
For great is the Holy One of Israel
in the midst of thee.
Compare to 2 Nephi 22.
1-6. Peace and joy will reign
supreme because of the knowledge that they learn of the true God----that He gave
His Only Begotten Son, that we might
have eternal life (salvation). "For the LORD JEHOVAH ...has become my
salvation" (v2), literally, for He is Jesus Christ.
3. Drawing water, of course, means
learning truths that will lead to salvation, where the "wells" mean
4. This line says that he brought
salvation (the point of these verses) "among the people." It means that
he made salvation possible by being crucified "among them," and by
them in the flesh. "His name is exalted" to such an extent that only
through his name can salvation be achieved. Nephi explained it: "And now,
my brethren, I have spoken plainly that ye cannot err. And as the Lord God
liveth that brought Israel up out of the land of Egypt, and gave unto Moses
power that he should heal the nations after they had been bitten by the
poisonous serpents, if they would cast their eyes unto the serpent which he did
raise up before them, and also gave him power that he should smite the rock and
the water should come forth; yea, behold I say unto you, that as these things
are true, and as the Lord God liveth, there is none other name given under
heaven save it be this Jesus Christ, of which I have spoken, whereby man can be
saved (2 Nephi 25:20; Also see Acts 4:12).
5. Yea, sing out joyous
acclamations for the Lord, who has single handedly defeated Satan, and death,
for all of the children of God.
1 The burden of Babylon,
Which Isaiah the son of Amoz did
2 Lift ye up a banner, even upon a
Call unto them with a raised voice
and a wave of the hand,
That they may go into the gates of
3 I have commanded my sanctified
And I have also called out to my
For mine anger is not upon them that
rejoice in my highness.
4 Hark, the noise of a multitude in
the mountains like as of a great people;
A tumultuous noise of the kingdoms
of nations gathered together;
The LORD of hosts hath mustereth the
hosts for the battle.
5 They come from a far country, from
the end of heaven,
Yea, the LORD and his weapons of
To destroy the whole land.
6 Howl ye, for the day of the LORD is at
It shall come as a destruction from
7 Therefore shall all hands become
And every man's heart shall melt.
Compare to 2 Nephi 23
ISAIAH thirteen appears to be a
decree of death and destruction for Babylon, either Babylon in a literal sense,
or to symbolic Babylon in a figurative sense. The 9th and 12th verses reveal yet
another meaning; that the destruction of sinners will make them more precious
than gold. Sweeping them off the earth by death would never do that, not in this
world, or the next. Only their return to God would do that, or, in other words,
their conversion to the truth.
2. His "banner" or ensign, or Church, will
call and beckon them to enter into the "gate." The Lord's princes are
his leaders, or rulers. (See 3:4.)
3. The Lord's sanctified ones are
4. He gathers them from many
nations to do battle against Israel (the Jews). To bring "a destruction to
the earth" is to defeat Satan, because the earth, for a little longer, is
his. The Lord's weapons of wrath are the truths of the gospel.
8 And they shall be afraid;
Pangs and sorrows shall take hold of
They shall be amazed one at
another, their faces shall be as flames.
9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh,
cruel, both with wrath and fierce anger,
To lay the land desolate, and he
shall destroy all the sinners thereof out of it.
10 For the stars of heaven and the
constellations thereof shall not give forth their light;
The sun shall be dark in rising,
and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.
11 And I will punish the world for
evil, and the wicked for their iniquity;
I will cause the arrogancy of the
proud to cease from before me,
And I will also lay down the
haughtiness of the terrible.
12 I will make a man even more
precious than fine gold,
Even a man more than the golden
wedge of Ophir.
13 Therefore I will make the heavens
The earth shall remove out of her
From the wrath of the LORD of hosts,
In that day of his fierce anger.
14 And it shall be as the chased roe,
And as a sheep that no man taketh
And they shall every man turn to his
And flee every one into his
6-8. The truth that the
missionaries shall bring to them, will cause them great "pain and
sorrows." It will reveal how far from the Lord Israel has gone.
"Amazed," and with faces of flames refers to the great surprise that
will be on their faces when they learn the truth.
9. The day of the Lord will
(destroy) the sinners by conversion. The earth will be desolate of sinners. All
will see the light.
10. The image is one of
comparison. Relative to the great light of understanding that will come forth,
other light sources will seem dark. It is expressed in an extreme hyperbolic
statement to make a strong point. The sun, the moon, and the stars will have no
glory in comparison to Jesus Christ. (Cf. Matt. 24:29, Mark 13:24, Duet. 4:19,
and Duet. 17:3.) This could also have a literal fulfillment.
11. The proud will be humbled to
remove the world/Satan out of its place. His wrath will be against the wicked,
to change them. Lay down, or lay as the KJV has it, could be a play on words
reflecting that we lay down in the water to be baptized. The proud are
humbled before baptism.
12. As a result of baptism, man
will be made precious in the eyes of God.
13. These verses are in agreement
with others that prophecy of great earthquakes prior to the return of Christ and
the beginning of the Millennium. See Rev. 6:12; 11:13; Isa. 29:6; D&C 87:6;
and 2 Nephi 27:2.
14. The world and its ways will be
as a lost sheep. The people will turn to do their genealogical work, for their
15 Every one that is proud shall be
And every one joined to the wicked shall
fall by the sword.
16 Their children also shall be dashed to
pieces before their eyes;
And their houses shall be spoiled and
their wives shall be ravished.
17 Behold, I will stir up the armies
of the Medes against them,
Which shall not regard silver or
gold, nor delight in it.
18 Their bows also shall dash the
young men to pieces,
And shall have no pity on the fruit
of the womb,
Neither shall their eyes spare the
19 And Babylon, the glory of many
The beauty of Chaldees' excellency,
Shall be as when God overthrew,
Sodom and Gomorrah.
20 It shall never be inhabited,
Neither dwelt in for generations,
Neither shall Arabians pitch tent
Neither shall shepherds make their
21 But the wild beasts of the desert
shall lie there;
And their houses shall be full with doleful creatures;
The owls shall dwell there, and the
satyrs shall dance there.
22 The wild beasts of the islands
shall cry in their desolate houses,
And the dragons in their pleasant
palaces, and her time is near to come,
And her wicked day shall not be prolonged;
for I will destroy her speedily;
Yea, for I will be merciful unto my
people, but the wicked shall perish.
15-16. In their eyes the conversions (slaughter) will be terrible,
by the sword of the Lord, which is his word. They shall be defenseless (have no argument),
and none shall be
missed in the conversion, not man, woman or child.
17. The Medians (outsiders) will care not for your riches (traditions).
As for your gold (polluted knowledge), they will not take delight in it. (Cf. 1:22.)
18. Their strength shall spare none.
19. The image of one of destruction, but only for Babylon/world.
20-22. Only the Millennium could bring such a condition of peace for the righteous,
when the world will cease to be the wicked world/Babylon, when Satan is defeated and bound.
1 For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob,
And will yet choose Israel,
And set them in their own land;
And the strangers shall be joined
And they also shall cleave unto the
house of Jacob.
2 And the people shall take them and
bring them to their place,
Yea, from far unto the ends of the earth; and they shall return,
To their lands of promise; and the house of Israel shall
And the land of the Lord shall be for servants and handmaids;
They shall take them captive, unto whom they were captives,
And they shall rule over their
3 And it shall come to pass in that
That the LORD shall give thee rest
from all thy sorrow,
And from thy fear, and from the hard
bondage wherein thou wast made to serve.
4 And thou shalt take up this proverb
against the king of Babylon:
How hath the oppressor ceased! the
golden city ceased!
5 The LORD hath broken the staff of
The scepter of the tyrants who
6 He who smote the people in wrath,
With a continual stroke;
He that ruled the nations in anger,
Is persecuted, and there was none
7 The whole earth is at rest, and is
They break forth into singing.
Compare to 2 Nephi 24.
1-2. Israel is to be gathered,
along with the strangers (Gentiles or outsiders). All are to become part of
spiritual Zion, or the pure in heart.
3-7. The King of Babylon is defeated. Because of the many parallels
between Satan and the king, the King of Babylon becomes the type for Satan,
the King of the World. All of these lines apply to both, but more
importantly to Satan.
8 Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee,
And also the cedars of Lebanon,
Since thou art laid down no hewer is
come against us.
9 Hell from beneath is moved for thee to
meet thee at thy coming;
It stirreth up the dead for thee,
even all the chief ones of the earth,
It hath raised up from their thrones
all the kings of the nations.
10 All they shall speak and say
Art thou also become weak as we? art
thou become like unto us?
11 Thy pomp is brought down to the
grave, and the noise of thy harp is not heard;
The maggots are spread under thee,
and the worms cover thee.
12 How art thou fallen, O Lucifer, son of the morning!
How thou art now cut down to the
Thou who once laid low the nations; for thou said in thine heart,
I will ascend into heaven; I will exalt my throne above the
stars of God;
I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the far side of the north;
14 I will ascend above the heights of
the clouds; I will be like the Most High.
15 Yet, thou shall be brought down to
hell, to the side of the pit.
16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee,
And say, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble? That did shake the kingdoms?
8. The fir trees and cedar trees
of Lebanon are clearly "the people," and, metaphorically, no one such
Satan, the "hewer" will be trying to destroy them anymore. A "feller" (KJT) of trees is
a "hewer," where trees is used metaphorically for people." Cf.
33:9, 10:33, Matt 3:10, Alma 5:52, and DC 97:7.
9. The dead are to be raised up to
meet Christ at his second coming. They are the "chief" or great ones;
i.e., the ones worthy of the first resurrection. They are referred to a kings,
meaning the kings and queens of God.
10. They will ask Satan,
rhetorically, if he isn't now like they were, dead.
11. They answer their own
question. Satan is to be no more.
12. This verse, still describing the end
of the King of Babylon, metaphorically Satan, uses the name of Lucifer directly and is most likely in
error and should be translated as "shining star" or "bright star" in a
derogatory way such as, to make a show, to boast, or be flamboyant. The Hebrew
also suggests "filthy lucre" as a meaning in the Comparative Index of Smith's
Exhaustive Concordance, see also Smith's Hebrew Dictionary #1966 and
13. Satan dreamed of having his
throne above the stars, even higher than the stars above God's throne, which
really means he wanted to defeat God. To have his throne above the congregation,
means above all those with God, or his father, and his father, and his father,
14. He dreams of making himself a
god over God and all of His predecessors.
15. Yes, Satan is the one who has caused all the trouble in the world.
17 And made the world as a wilderness,
and destroyed the cities thereof,
And opened not the house of his
18 All the kings of the nations,
Yea, all of them lie in glory, every one in his
19 But thou art cast out of thy grave
like an abominable branch;
And the remnant of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword,
Shall go down to the stones of the pit as a carcass is trodden under feet.
20 But thou shalt not be joined with them
in burial, nor your children,
Because thou hast destroyed the
land, and slain the people.
The seed of evildoers shall never be
21 Prepare the slaughter for his
For the iniquity of their fathers,
That they do not rise, nor possess
Nor fill the face of the world with
22 For I will rise up against them, saith the LORD of hosts,
And cut off from Babylon the name
and remnant, and son and nephew, saith the LORD.
23 I will also make it a possession
for the bittern, and with pools of water;
And I will sweep it with a besom of
destruction, saith the LORD of hosts.
24 The LORD of hosts hath sworn an oath, saying, Surely as I have thought,
So shall it come to pass; and as I have
purposed, so shall it stand;
17. Unlike Jesus, who brings the
repentant freedom from their sins, or who opened the doors to the house of
prisoners, which means all of us, Satan did just the opposite. He made the world
a wilderness by taking away truth and knowledge. In that way he destroyed
cities, meaning men and women (cp Heb. 11:10).
18. The kings of the nations, or
the righteous, go, each in their glory, each to his own house. They have been
given that which they have earned. "In my fathers house are many mansions,
I go there to prepare a place for you" (John 14:2).
19. But there will be no glory for
Satan. He will lack the "covering" of the LORD, which is to say, his
forgiveness; and so will be cast out into eternal damnation.
20. Satan, not having a body, will
never have any place of glory.
21. Prepare a slaughter for Satan
and his children, for they will never receive any glory.
22. The Lord will raise up to
destroy Satan, and all those with him.
23. "Pools of water,"
again bring the image of floods, which again means truth and knowledge. A
"besom" is a broom made out of sticks. Why would Isaiah choose that
word? unless he is referring to the stick of Judah and the stick of Joseph
mentioned in Ezekiel 37:16, and probably still other sticks yet to come (meaning the
scriptures that contain truth and knowledge)----these sticks, or truth will sweep the
"house" clean of wickedness.
25 That I will break the hold of the
Assyrian in my land,
And upon my mountains tread him
Then shall his yoke depart from
And his burden depart from off their
26 This is the purpose that is purposed upon
the whole earth;
And this is the hand that is stretched
out upon all the nations.
27 For the LORD of hosts hath
purposed it, and who shall disannul it?
And his hand is
stretched out still, and who shall turn it back?
28 In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden.
29 Rejoice not thou, nor so fully,
all ye people of Philistia,
Because the rod of him that has
smote thee is broken.
Out of the serpent's root shall come
And his fruit shall be a fiery
30 The firstborn of the poorest shall
And the needy shall lie down safely.
And I will kill thee with famine,
And he shall slay thy remnant.
31 Howl, O gate; cry, O city;
Thou, whole Philistia, art dissolved!
For there shall come from the north a
And none shall be alone in his
32 What then shall answer the
messengers of the nations?
That the LORD hath founded
And the poor of his people shall trust in it.
25. Satan's hold on mankind will
be broken by Jesus, with Assyrian being a type for Satan. Satan cannot stay of
the "Lord's Mountain," which is a spiritual mountain of righteousness.
26. The whole purpose of the earth is for
the children of God to learn to defeat Satan, to cast off Satan, represented by
Assyria and Babylon, and to gain eternal life (salvation). (Cf. Isa. 6:3.) This is the
Lord's purpose, and no one will turn him back.
28. But Israel is to suffer more,
before their salvation. The fiery flying serpent might harken back to the
serpent on Moses' staff, that could save if only one would look upon it.
29. Even though Satan will be
defeated, which is the Lord's purpose for the whole earth, the world cannot
relax. Satan will be there to lead men into sin.
30. The humble (poor) will have the
truth (good feed), which will bring them to safety.
31. The wicked world will be
dissolved (end), for smoke/mist represents the presence of the Lord, which
will come from outside wicked Israel via the missionaries--two by two, not alone.
32. They will answer that they
bring the Lord of Zion, to the humble.
1 The burden of Moab.
Because in a night Ar of Moab is
laid waste, and brought to silence;
In a night Kir of Moab is laid waste
and brought to silence.
2 He is gone up to Bajith and to
To the high places to weep;
Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over
On all their heads shall be baldness, and every
beard cut off.
3 In their streets they shall gird themselves
On the tops of their houses and in
Everyone shall howl, weeping abundantly.
4 And Heshbon shall cry, and Elealeh;
Their voice shall be heard even unto
Therefore the armed soldiers of Moab
shall cry out;
Each man's life shall be grievous
5 My heart shall cry out for Moab.
His fugitives flee to Zoar,
Even as far as Eglath Shelishiyah.
The climb to Luhith is given over to
On the way to Horonaim, they
lament for their destruction.
As in ISAIAH 10, a deeper message is contained in the meanings of the towns (10:18-34.).
The above verses are repeated with the meanings (Smiths Exhaustive Concordance) inserted.
1 The burden of the wicked.
Because in a night (a "dark" night (of the crucifixion), or very suddenly)
a guarded place of wickedness is
laid waste, and brought to silence;
In a night a walled place of wickedness is laid waste
and brought to silence.
2 The wicked is gone up to home base and to
a place of sorrow,
To the high places to weep (where their idols are set up);
The wicked shall howl over a Babylonian deity), over foul waters (false teachings).
On their heads shall be baldness, and every
beard cut off (like humiliated prisoners).
3 In their streets they shall gird themselves
On the tops of their houses and in
Everyone shall howl, weeping abundantly.
4 And the contriver shall cry, and God lifts them up;
Their voice shall be heard even unto
the threshing floor, which is the world.
Therefore the armed soldiers of the wicked
shall cry aloud;
Each (every) man's life shall be grievous
unto him (not one is clean, no not one).
5 My heart shall cry out for Moab.
His fugitives flee to a condition of lowness,
even as far as a three year old heifer (symbol of Christ, cp. red heifer meanings),
The climb to glistening or cleanliness is given over to
weeping (for Joy);
On the way to the cave of the dragon (Satan), they
lament for their destruction.
6 For the waters of Nimrim shall be
desolate, for the hay is withered away;
And the grass faileth till there is
no green thing left.
7 Therefore the abundance they have
And that which they have laid up,
Shall they carry away,
To the brook of the willows;
8 For the cry is gone round about the
borders of Moab,
The howling thereof unto Eglaim, and
the howling thereof unto Beerelim.
9 For the waters of Dibon shall be
full of blood,
Because I will bring even more upon
Lions upon him that escaped of Moab,
And upon the remnant in the land.
6. For the clear waters shall be desolate (or gone), for the hay is withered away;
And the grass faileth till there is
no green thing left (desolation of truth).
7. Therefore the abundance they have
That which they have laid up,
Shall they carry away,
To the brook of the willows;
This is unclear. Some translate it as "brooks of the Arabian," or "valley of the Arabian."
This would work, if the "abundance that they have gotten," or "laid up," from the world
is useless, and worthy to be discarded into slow, polluted waters (where willows grow);
where slow, polluted waters represent the polluted knowledge of the world/Egypt
as opposed to "living waters."
8. For the cry is gone unto the borders of the wicked,
The howling thereof unto dual reservoirs (of truth--to the Gods),
and wailing unto a well of Gods.
9. For the waters of pining and sorrow shall be full of blood,
Because I will bring even more upon
the sorrowful (repenting):
Lions upon him that escaped of wicked,
And upon the remnant in the land.
The lion is the symbol of Israel, so this would suggest that the righteous of Israel
(spiritual Israel) will come upon the wicked to convert them to the truth.
1 Send ye the lamb to the ruler of the
land, from Sela to the wilderness,
Unto the mount of the daughter of
2 For it shall be, that,
Like a wandering bird cast out of
So the daughters of Moab shall be at
the fords of Arnon.
3 Take counsel, execute judgment;
make thy shadow as the night in the midst of noonday;
Hide the outcasts, and betray not
him that is a fugitive.
4 Let mine outcasts dwell
with thee, Moab;
Be thou a covert to them,
face of the spoiler; for the extortioner is at an end,
The spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of
5 And then in mercy shall the throne
be established in steadfast love,
And he shall sit upon it in truth
in the tabernacle of David,
Judging, and seeking judgment, and
6 We have heard of the pride of Moab,
Of his pride and haughtiness;
For he is very proud;
And of his wrath,
But his lies shall not be so.
1. Sending tribute
"lambs" is a play on words, referring to the lamb that was given as
tribute for our sins, even Jesus Christ.
2. Just as "daughters of
Zion" refers to the cities of Israel, "daughters of Moab" refers
to the cities of Moab. Figuratively, they are the cities of the world and are
completely lost. "At the fords of Arnon' represents the great stream of
knowledge that is to come forth in the last days. The Arnon is a large river
flowing into the east side of the Dead Sea.
3. This seems to be a pleading to
the Lord, who hides his children in the shadow of his wings (Cf. Psa. 36:7,
17:8, 57:1, 61:4, 63:7; and Ruth 2:12. Help the wanderers while they are
exiled/scattered in Moab (the world).
4. The outcasts are those that
have sinned against the Lord and are in need of the Atonement; in other words,
all mankind are the sojourners/wanderers on the earth. The Lord pleads that the
world will be a refuge until Satan is defeated. When Satan is defeated, the
Lord's throne will be established on the earth.
6. The pride of Moab represents
the pride of the world, our world, which pride will be proven to be falsely
7 Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab,
And every one else shall howl for
And for the very foundations of
Shall ye also mourn; surely, they
too are stricken.
8 For the fields of Heshbon languish;
and the vine of Sibmah.
The lords of the heathen have broken
down the principal plants thereof,
That are come even unto Jazer, and they have even wandered through the
Her branches are stretched out abroad, and they are even gone over the sea.
9 Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer, the vine of Sibmah.
I will water thee with my tears, O
Heshbon, and Elealeh,
For the shouting for thy summer
and for thy harvest is fallen.
10 And gladness is taken away,
And joy out of the plentiful field.
And in the vineyards there shall be no
Neither shall there be shouting; the treaders tread out no wine
in their presses.
I have made their vintage shouting to
come to an end.
11 Wherefore my bowels moan like an
harp for Moab,
And mine inward parts for Kirharesh.
12 And it shall come to pass,
When it is seen,
Moab is wearied of weeping,
In shrines of the high mountain
He shall come to his sanctuary to
pray, but shall not prevail.
13 This is the word that the LORD
hath spoken concerning Moab since that time,
14 But now the LORD hath spoken,
saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling,
The glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude,
remnant shall be very small and feeble.
7. Because the world will be
defeated, the world will howl for the world. Everyone else will also cry, but
for a better/different reason. All are stricken because of their sins.
8-9. The "vines of Sibmah,"
like all the other metaphorical "vines of the Lord," are stricken by
the heathen, "even over the sea." Israel has succumbed to the world,
and there is no more harvest of the righteous.
10. Metaphorically, the world is
lost in sin, and all grieve.
11. The Lord grieves for the
world, enough to die for it, suggesting the Atonement.
12. They have prayed to false
13. This is the way the world has
been since Adam.
14. Within the years of
Jesus' ministry, everything will change for the world, and will be 3 tough years
as seen by a hireling. The world will be seen for what
it really is, vanity, all vanity, as Ecclesiastes would say. Almost all the
children of God will be saved through the victory of Jesus, leaving a very small
1 The burden of Damascus.
Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a
city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.
2 The cities of Aroer are forsaken,
and they shall be for flocks,
Which shall lie down, and none shall
make them afraid.
3 The fortress also shall cease from
And the kingdom from Damascus,
And the remnant of Syria.
They shall be as the glory of the
children of Israel,
Saith the LORD of hosts.
4 In that day it shall come to pass,
The glory of Jacob shall be made to
And the fatness of his flesh shall
be made to lean.
It shall be as when a harvestman
gathereth grain by the arm;
5 And it shall be as he that
reapeth the ears in the valley of Rephaim.
6 Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as in the shaking of an olive tree,
Two or three berries left in the top
of the uppermost bough,
Four or five in the outermost
Saith the LORD God of Israel.
7 At that day shall a man look to his
And his eyes shall have respect to
the Holy One of Israel.
1-7. These verses like most of Isaiah have double meanings. First they
apply to Israel's destruction of old, and secondly, it means the defeat of the
world, or Satan. Like Babylon, Moab, Assyria and
Egypt, Damascus also represents the wicked world.
2. In terms of worldly glory,
these cities will be left desolate of wickedness, so desolate that flocks or the
righteous can rest there and not be disturbed by Satan.
3. Their glory is to be the same
as the glory of the true children of Israel.
4. But first, in that day the
fatness (knowledge of God) of Jacob/Israel will "lean" to nearly
nothing. Corn is incorrect, of course, because it came from America thousands of
5. The Valley of Rephaim is a rich
fertile valley north of Jerusalem; therefore, Israel, as we know it, shall be
taken/harvested by the armful, quickly reduced to very little wicked.
6. Yet a small remnant will
remain of Israel.
7. At the last day, as a result of
the missionaries, all shall come to respect their Lord. To look to Him, to
respect Him, is to come to know Him. This is what the Lord said their problem
has been since ISAIAH one-they do not know their Master.
8 And he shall not look to the
altars, the work of his hands,
Neither shall respect that which his
fingers have made, either the groves, or the images.
9 In that day shall his strong cities
be as a forsaken bough,
And as an uppermost branch which has
Because of the children of Israel,
There shall be desolation.
10 Because thou forgot the God of thy
And hast not been mindful of the
Rock of thy strength,
Therefore shalt thou plant pleasant
And shalt set it with alien slips.
11 In the day shalt thou make thy
plant to grow,
And in the morning shalt thou make
thy seed to flourish,
But the harvest shall be a heap in a
day of grief and of desperate sorrow.
12 Woe to the multitude of many
people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas,
And to the rushing of nations, that
make rushing like the rushing of mighty waters.
13 The rushing Gentiles shall rush
like the rushing of many waters,
But God shall rebuke them, and they
shall flee far off,
And be chased as mountain chaff
before the wind,
And like a rolling thing before a
14 And behold at eveningtide
And before morning he is not.
This is the portion,
Of them that spoil us,
And the lot of them that rob us.
8. When they know their God, truly
know Him, they will put away the things of this world, especially false gods
made out of wood or stone or any worldly things.
9. These lines suggests that the
children of Israel, the new converts, will help convert all of their old
enemies, bringing their worldly glories to desolation also. See ISAIAH 19 to
see where this holds true for Egypt.
10. This falls back in time to
explain what Israel did wrong; i.e., they mixed with the Canaanites, which was
forbidden. Israel has not been mindful of Jehovah, the "Rock." The
10th through 12th verses, recap Israel's past, from their planting among the
Canaanites, to their final destruction and scattering by the Gentile nations.
13. This states that they are to
be rebuked, and sent afar, before the power of the Lord----as obedient as dust
before a wind.
14. Trouble came to The House of
Israel, meaning to the Jews. They were brought to desolation as far as their
spiritual condition was concerned. Israel has often been referred to as
"he" or "him" (See Duet. 32:10-12). And in Israel's twilight
there came great trouble, and "he" was no more. Israel's neighbors are
to suffer the same fate. That is, brought down to a humbleness before God that
will bring them to the truth.
1 Woe, to the land shadowing with wings,
which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia;
2 That sendeth ambassadors by the
sea, even in vessels of bulrushes upon the waters,
Saying, Go swiftly messengers, to a
nation scattered and peeled,
To a people terrible from their
Even a nation meted out and
Whose lands the rivers have spoiled.
3 All ye inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth,
When he lifts up an ensign on the
mountains; and when he bloweth a
trumpet, hear it!
4 For so the LORD said unto me, now I
will take my rest.
And I will consider in my dwelling
place like a clear heat upon herbs,
And like a cloud of dew in the heat
of harvest time;
5 For, afore the time of the harvest,
When the blossom is gone,
And the flower is ripening into a grape,
He shall cut off the sprigs with
And take away and cut down all the
6 They shall be left together unto
the fowls of the mountains,
And to the beasts of the earth; and
the fowls shall summer upon them,
And all the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them for a
very long time.
7 In that time shall the tribute be
brought unto the LORD of hosts,
Of a people scattered and peeled,
And from a people feared
from their beginning hitherto;
A nation measured out and trodden
under foot, whose land the rivers have spoiled,
To the place of the name of the LORD
of hosts, to Mount Zion.
1. K&D tell us that this
"Woe" is not one of anger, but one of compassion. It is used, then, as
a declaration that we should feel woe for Israel, and the land of wings is called to
respond. "Shadowing with wings" harks back to 5:16 and 7:18. Beyond
the rivers of Cush or from a 'desert' where hoards of flying insects come, will
come a similar hoard of buzzing--of bees/missionaries. This repeats the linking words used in other ISAIAHs (i.e.," the
nation afar," "over the waters") that refer to the nations that will come to convert Israel.
2. This far nation sends
its missionaries to Israel. Israel has been scattered and
peeled, disobedient/terrible from their beginning. Israel has been spoiled by "rivers," a pseudonym for Assyria, Babylon, and Egypt. (Cf. 18:7.)
"ensign" is the Lord's Church, with its message of truth.
4. This goes back to when God turned away from Israel for their backsliding.
5. This forecasts Israel's near future during Isaiah's time. That vine,
Israel is to be severely pruned.
7. After they have been scattered among the world, they will return to
the Lord, like gifts--pleasing gifts, because of their spiritual condition. They
will become climbers (progressing upward) on Mount Zion.
1 The burden of Egypt.
Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift
cloud, and shall come into Egypt,
And the idols of Egypt shall tremble before his presence.
And the heart of Egypt shall melt
in the midst of it.
2 And I will set Egyptians against
And they shall fight every one against his brother,
And every one against his neighbor: city against city, and kingdom
3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof,
And I will destroy the counsel
And they shall seek to the idols, and to
And them that have familiar
spirits, and to the wizards.
4 But the Egyptians will I give over
into the hand of a cruel lord;
And a fierce king shall rule over
them, saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts.
5 And the waters shall fail from the
sea, and the river shall be wasted and dried up;
6 And they shall turn the rivers
away: the brooks of defense shall be emptied and dried up;
The paper reeds and flags shall
wither; the paper reeds by the brooks,
By the mouth of the brooks, and every thing sown by the brooks,
Shall wither, be driven away, and be
8 The fishermen shall also mourn,
And all that cast angle into
the brooks shall lament;
And they that spread nets upon the
waters shall languish.
This is the same image of the
flood or the swarm of missionaries. It is the image of a cloud of insects or
bees. Egypt is again used two ways. Egypt is also a symbol for the world and its
wicked ways, and when the knowledge of the true God is really made known to the
world, all of the world's ways, which are likened to idols, will be shaken or
"moved" aside and made to look foolish.
2. During the conversion process,
brother will convince brother, etc. Until everything is sorted out, there will
be arguments, with a lot of falsehoods left to die.
3. The spirit of Egypt or spirit of pride and false beliefs will perish,
as each one is converted away from their wizards, familiar spirits/ghosts and
witchcraft, which will not respond when consulted.
4. The Lord will win out. He is
cruel in the sense that he allows no other way. He is fierce in his
determination to save all.
5-10. This uses the metaphor of
water, representing knowledge, to describe how Egypt's waters (knowledge) shall
fail----the lake, the riverbed, the canals, every kind of worldly knowledge will
fail in Egypt.
8. Their "fishers of
men" will fail.
9 Moreover they that work in fine
flax, and them that weave nets shall be confounded.
10 And they shall be broken in the
purposes thereof, all that make sluices and ponds for fish.
11 Surely, the princes of Zoan are fools; the
wise counselors of Pharaoh are become brutish.
How say ye unto Pharaoh, I am a son
of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
12 Where are they? where are thy wise men?
and let them tell thee now.
And let them know what the LORD of
hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.
13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the
princes of Noph are deceived.
They have also seduced Egypt, even
that are the stay of the tribes thereof.
14 The LORD hath mingled a perverse
spirit in the midst thereof,
And they have caused Egypt to err in
every work thereof,
As a drunken man staggereth in his
15 Neither shall there be any work for Egypt,
Which the head or tail, branch or
rush, may do.
16 In that day shall Egypt be like
unto women; and it shall be afraid and fear,
Because of the shaking of the hand
of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh over it.
17 And the land of Judah shall be a
terror unto all of the land of Egypt;
Every one that maketh mention
thereof shall be afraid in himself,
Because of the counsel of the LORD
Which he hath determined against it.
18 In that day shall five cities in
the land of Egypt,
Speak the language of Canaan, and
swear to the LORD of hosts;
And one of the five cities shall be
called, The City of the destruction.
19 In that day there shall be an
altar to the LORD, in the midst of the land of Egypt,
And a monument at the border of the
land thereof to the LORD.
falsehoods will be done away with in the face of the great truth of the Lord.
10. No other religion or philosophy will survive the flood of truth that
is to come.
11. The Lord issues a challenge to
any of their so called wise men to reveal what will happen, knowing that only
the true Lord of hosts can foresee the future.
13.All the so-called wise have
been deceived, even the stay/the most solid leaders.
14. In the case of the world, the
perverse spirit is Satan.
15. There is nothing that anyone
in the world can do to save themselves, other than respond to the Lord. There is
no other way, than through Jesus Christ to be saved.
16. In the last days when the Lord
reveals the truth about Jesus Christ, the "world" (Egypt) will finally
17. This line suggests that Israel
will already by converted and will be instrumental in teaching and converting
Egypt/world. In a broader sense, this is true already since the Jews, scattered
everywhere, have changed and prepared the world for the truth. Their ten
commandments, which are upheld by most everyone is an example of this
---honoring the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, is an especially good example of
18-19. Unknown meaning, the five cities of the world cannot be identified.
20 And they shall be there for a sign
and for a witness,
Unto the LORD of hosts in the land
And they shall cry unto the
Because of their oppressors,
And he shall send them a savior,
And he shall deliver them.
21 The LORD shall be known to Egypt,
And the Egyptians shall know the
In that day, and shall do sacrifice
Yea, they shall vow a vow unto the
LORD and perform it.
22 And the LORD shall smite Egypt: he shall smite it and heal it;
And they shall return even to the
And he shall be entreated of them,
and shall heal them.
23 In that day there shall be a
highway from out of Egypt to Assyria,
And the Assyrian shall come into
Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria.
And the Egyptians shall serve
together with the Assyrians.
24 In that day shall Israel join with
Egypt and Assyria,
And be a blessing in the midst of
25 And whom the LORD of hosts shall bless,
Saying, Blessed be Egypt, my people,
And Assyria the work of my hands,
And Israel mine inheritance.
19-22. Egypt, meaning the
world, will come to know and worship the only true God.
23. "Highway" or high
way, means either God's way on a higher plane or a temple of God. Both lead us
out of "Egypt" (the world).
25. Whether its Egypt, Assyria, or
Israel, after their conversion they shall all come for blessings from the Lord
of hosts, even Jesus Christ.
1 In the year that Tartan, the commander in chief, came unto Ashdod,
(When Sargon the king of Assyria sent
him) and fought against Ashdod, and took it.)
2 At that time spake the LORD by
Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying,
Go and loose the sackcloth from off
And put off thy shoes from thy feet.
And he did so,
Walking naked and barefoot.
3 And the LORD said, Like as my servant
Who hath walked naked and barefoot
for three years,
For a sign and wonder upon Egypt, and
also upon Ethiopia,
4 So shall the king of Assyria lead
away the Egyptians prisoners,
And the Ethiopians as captives, young and the old, naked and barefoot,
Even with their buttocks uncovered,
to the shame of Egypt.
5 And they shall be afraid and
ashamed of Ethiopia,
Their expectation, and of Egypt their
6 And the inhabitant of this isle
shall say in that day,
Behold, such is our expectation, whither we
flee for help,
To be delivered from the king of
And how shall we escape?
1-6. To look for help from Egypt
is not the thing to do. Not for Israel then, or for us today, as Egypt
represents the world.
2. From Keil-Delitzsch,"...a
person was looked upon as stripped and naked if he had only taken off his upper
garment. What Isaiah was directed to do, therefore, was simply opposed to common
custom, and not to moral decency. He was to lay aside the dress of a mourner and
preacher of repentance, and to have nothing on but his tunic; and in this, as
well as barefooted, he was to show himself in public. This was the costume of a
man who had been robbed and disgraced, or else of a beggar or prisoner of
war." (K&D. pg. 372). Isaiah was, then, showing by his type how the
world would be taken captive---in extreme humility.
3. In 8:7 the king of Assyria and
his army were likened to a flood, which represents the flood of missionaries
that will come, to lead Egypt and Ethiopia (the whole world) away in extreme
humility----"naked and barefoot."
4. Following their conversion to
the church, the converts will be ashamed of worldly things.
6. While they were of the world,
they hoped to remain that way; but now that they know the truth they have new
hope and expectations. They will not escape from the Lord. How will they escape
from the world? The next ISAIAH returns to the theme of the flood of
missionaries that will come like a whirlwind of the desert. The missionaries
have the message of the plan of Salvation, which is the way to escape.
1 The burden of the desert of the
As whirlwinds in the south sweep
So it cometh from the desert, from a terrible land.
2 A grievous vision is declared unto
The treacherous dealer dealeth
treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth.
Go up, O Elam; besiege, O Media; all
the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
3 Therefore are my loins filled with
pain; pangs have taken hold upon me,
As the pangs of a women that
travaileth with child.
I was bowed down at the hearing of
I was dismayed at the seeing of it.
4 My heart panted, and fearfulness
The night of my pleasure hath he
turned into fear unto me.
5 Prepare the table, watch in the
watachtower, eat, drink,
Arise, ye princes, and anoint the
6 For thus hath the Lord said unto
Go, set a watchman, let him declare what
7 And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen,
A chariot of asses, and a chariot
And he harkened diligently with much
8 And the lookout shouted; day after day, my Lord,
I stand upon the watchtower, and I am at my post every night.
9 And, behold, there cometh chariots
of men, with pairs of horsemen.
And he answered and said, Babylon is
fallen, is fallen,
And all the graven images of her
He hath broken unto the ground.
1-2. Like a whirlwind, it (the
truth) comes from a desert (maybe Utah), from the terrible land, or land of the
terrible. It is grievous because of its strength and effectiveness in spoiling
The truth is almost impossible to
believe, but the evidence is irrefutable.
3. The "night of my
pleasure" refers to Israel's time in exile when they were in spiritual
darkness, blinded from seeing the true light. This "night," seen by
them as pleasurable, so to speak, now is seen as a senseless waste and a reason
to fear because they know they have been in error for over two thousand years.
5. Prepare the table for the
metaphorical food and drink, which is about to come. "table" in Hebrew
is even equal with tablet, or books.
7. They come, all sorts of them
from every direction, by couples, side by side, spreading the Gospel of Jesus
Christ, with lessons that should be diligently heard.
9. The missionaries, spreading the
Gospel, two by two, bring the downfall of Babylon (the wicked world), and all of
its false beliefs.
10 O my threshing, the grain of my
That which I have heard from the
LORD of hosts,
The God of Israel; I declared unto
11 The burden of Dumah.
He called to me out of Seir,
Watchman, what is left of the night?
Watchman, how much of the night
12 The watchman said, The morning cometh,
and also the night,
If ye will inquire, inquire, and
13 The burden upon Arabia.
In a forest in Arabia,
Shall ye lodge,
O ye caravans of Dedanim.
14 The inhabitants of the land of
Brought water unto him that was
They prevented with their bread him
15 For they fled from the swords,
from the drawn sword,
And from the bent bow, and from the
grievousness of war.
16 For thus hath the Lord said unto
me, Within a year,
According to the year an
hireling would count,
And all the glory of Kedar shall fail.
17 And the remainder of its archers,
The mighty warriors of the children of Kedar,
Shall be diminished; for the LORD
God of Israel hath spoken it.
10. "O my threshing"
refers to grain or bread, which is a metaphor for truth and knowledge, which is
of the Lord and has been declared unto you.
11. How much of the night is left?
Their night of darkness will continue until they repent and come back to the
truth. "Night" means their exile in darkness, which has been without
"the Light," which is to say, without God.
12. This is a promise that the
"night" is nearly over, i.e., the time of darkness or lack of knowledge.
13. From a "desert" of
ignorance, you will lodge among the great trees, who have the truth, to a
"forest" of knowledge.
14. From the land of the desert (Tema),
comes "water" and "bread" to those who would flee, but are
"prevented" from doing so after hearing the truth.
15. They fled in the sense of not
wanting to listen or change their old ways, which they were sure were right
because they came from their fathers, the children of Abraham.
16. Within a long year all the
glory of the world will be brought down.
1 The burden of the valley of vision.
What aileth thee now,
That thou art wholly gone
up to the housetops?
Thou that art full of stirs, a
tumultuous city, a joyous city?
2 Thy slain men are not slain with
the sword, nor did they die in battle.
3 All thy rulers are fled together, and
they are captured without using a bow;
All that could be found in thee are bound
together, even those which have fled afar.
4 Therefore said I, Turn your
attention away from me, though I may weep bitterly;
Labor not to comfort me, over
the spoiling of the daughter of my people.
5 For it is a day of trouble, and of
treading down, and of perplexity,
By the Lord GOD of hosts in the
valley of vision,
Breaking down the walls, and of
crying to the mountains!
6 And Elam bare the quiver with
chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield.
7 And it shall come to pass that thy
choicest valleys shall be full of chariots,
And the horsemen shall set
themselves in array at the gate.
8 And he discovered the covering of
That thou didst look to the armor
of the house of the forest.
9 Ye have seen also the breaches of
the city of David, that they are many;
And ye gathered together the
waters of the lower pool.
10 And ye have numbered the houses of
And the houses have ye broken down,
To fortify the wall.
1. "Valley of vision" is
a general name for Jerusalem as a whole (K&D pg. 389), which many times
means all of Judah. They run to their roofs, so to speak, indicating that they
are alert and very aware of the "flood" of missionaries that besiege
2. They are exited and joyous to
receive the truth, and the "slain" are not dead. In fact they are
reborn. They are converted to the truth.
3. Thy rulers have fled to the
"enemy" "together" to join them. From the great to the
small, all are captured (converted) without force, and bound by covenant.
4. He may weep profusely for
"my people" but it will be a happy weeping after receiving truth;
and also a sad weeping for being in error for 2000 years, hence, the need not to
5. Down will come the traditions,
i.e., their walls. It is a day of confusion.
7. Their choice places will be
filled with missionaries, in array (two by two--see 21:6,9) at the
"strait" gate of righteousness. (Cf. Gen. 28:17, Ps. 118:19, Isa.
26:2, Isa. 28:6.)
8. The Lord will expose Judah, for
her idols in the high places of the forests.
9. The "breaches" in
their positions/beliefs are many. The "waters" in the lower pool are
gathered together for baptisms.
10. They have broken down their
beliefs, but have fortified their defenses with truth.
11 Ye made also a ditch between the
For the water of the old pool,
But ye have not looked unto the
Neither had respect unto him that
fashioned it long ago.
12 And in that day did the Lord GOD of
hosts call them to weeping,
And to mourning, and to baldness, and
to girding with sackcloth;
13 And behold, there is joy and
Slaying oxen, and killing sheep,
And eating flesh, and drinking wine;
Let us eat and drink; for tomorrow
we shall die.
14 And it was revealed in mine ears
by the LORD of hosts,
Surely this iniquity shall not be
purged from you till ye die,
Saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
15 Thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, Go, get thee unto this
Even unto Shebna, which is over the household, and say, What hast thou here?
And whom hast
thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulcher here,
As he that heweth him out a
sepulcher upon high,
And that engraveth an habitation for
himself in a rock?
17 Behold, the LORD will carry thee
away as with a mighty captivity,
And will surely
11. They have not looked to the
Lord to learn the truth---to clean waters. They work hard to sustain their
12. They shall be brought down to
13. In their humbleness they will
hear and be converted, which will bring them joy. This joy will cause them to
celebrate with feasting and drinking. Their conversion to the truth will cause
them to have a broken heart and a contrite spirit to sacrifice to the Lord at
their partaking of the sacrament---where eating the flesh means metaphorically
eating the flesh of Jesus, and drinking wine means drinking the blood of Jesus,
which means to accept and live his commandments. Their joy will be full when
they are baptized---for tomorrow they shall die in the waters of baptism.
14. Their iniquity shall not be
purged until they "die" in the waters of baptism.
15-16. Then, after baptism, they
shall have a sepulcher in a rock, which means an eternal resting place "in
the Rock," meaning: a place in/with Jesus Christ, the Rock.
17. We should all be captured by the Lord. The Lord will cover thee with
a covering of eternal life, covering thy sins, as opposed to a covering of death mentioned in
Isa. 25:7-8. A second meaning is that they will be covered by the waters of
baptism. Also see 30:1, 61:10.
18 He will in great power turn and toss thee,
In a ball into a large country; there thou shalt die.
And there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's
19 And I will drive thee from thy
station, and from thy state shall he pull
20 And it shall come to pass in that
day I will call my servant Eliakim, the
son of Hilkiah,
21 And I will clothe him with thy
robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle,
And I will commit thy government
into his hand, to be a father,
To the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to
the house of Judah.
22 And the key of the house of David,
Will I lay upon his shoulder,
He shall open, and none shall shut,
And when he shall shut, none shall
23 And I will fasten him as a nail in
a sure place.
He shall be for a glorious throne to
his father's house.
24 And they shall hang upon him all
the glory of his father's house,
All the offspring, and the
issue, all of the vessels of small quantity,
From all the vessels of small cups, even unto
all the vessels of large flagons.
25 In that day, saith the LORD of
hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in a sure
Be removed and be cut down, and
fall; and the burden that was upon it
shall be cut off;
For the LORD hath spoken it.
18. Strong's Comparative Concordance explains that "violently" means "like a strong man" meaning with great power or strength, which describes the Lord. "Turn and toss thee like a ball" means to turn thee around,
changing directions, suggesting repentance. To go into a "large country" refers to freedom (cp. Job 36:16: Psa. 18:19, 31:8, 118:5.), unlike the followers of Satan who will
find restricting chains and damnation. It means to find the way easy and the burden light. The place
of baptism (the font), and the Elders (the chariots
performing the baptism), will be a shame unto the "house" (of
which you were a part).
19. You will give up your high
station (pride) in the world.
20. Eliakim is used as a type for
Jesus. This type has been known. See the Mormon Institute student manual 302, pg
21-22. The keys of authority of
the House of David, represents the sealing power, which if a thing is sealed by
him on earth, it will still be sealed in heaven; or, if a thing is loosed by him
on earth, it will be loosed in heaven. He will hold these keys of the
23. Everybody should recognize
this as purely messianic. See same ref. of the 20th verse.
24. Because of his Atonement, he
becomes our mediator with the Father. All of the people/vessels of the world,
from the greatest "flagons," to the smallest "cups," become
dependant on him for their salvation.
25. The great burden upon him (to
save all of mankind all by himself) will be removed.
RETURN TO Isaiah Index
Copyright © 2000 DSOTO--