PART OF WEB SITE  Copyright 2000  DSOTO--

by Keith Hepworth



















1  PAUL, an apostle, a servant of God, called of Jesus Christ,
   And set apart to preach the gospel,
2 (Which he had promised afore,
   By his prophets in the holy scriptures,)
3  Concerning his Son, even Jesus Christ our Lord,
   Which was made of the Seed of David according to the flesh;
4  And declared the Son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness,
   Through the resurrection from the dead; by whom we have received grace and apostleship,
   Through obedience and faith in his name to preach the gospel among all nations;
6  Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ;
7  I write to all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called saints;
   Grace to you, and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
8  First of all, I thank my God through the name of Jesus Christ for all of you,
   That your steadfast faith in Jesus Christ is spoken of throughout the whole world.
9  For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son,
   That without ceasing I have made mention of you always in my prayers,
   That you may be kept always through the Spirit in the gospel;
10 Making request of you to also remember me in your prayers,
   That you will ask him, if by any means, at length,
   I may serve you with my labors, and at last,
   Have a prosperous journey,
   By the will of God, to come unto you.
11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you,
   Some spiritual gift, unto the end that it may be established in you;
12 That I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me.
13 Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I have purposed to come unto you,
   (but was hindered hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles.
14 I am debtor both unto the Greeks, and unto the barbarians; both unto the wise, and unto the unwise;
15 So, for as much as in me is, I am ready to preach the gospel unto you that are at Rome also.
16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ; for it is the power of God unto salvation,
   Unto every one that believeth; unto the Jew first, and also unto the Gentile.
17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed through faith in him;
   As it is written: He who through faith is righteous shall live;
18 For the wrath of God is revealed against all ungodliness,
   And unrighteousness of men, who love not the truth,
   But choose to remain in unrighteousness;
   After that which may be known of God,
   Is manifest unto them; 
   For God hath shown it unto them;
20 For the invisible things of his doing,
   From the creation of the world are clearly seen,
   Being understood by the things that have been made by him,
   Even by his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are left without excuse;
21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were they thankful;
   But became corrupt in their reasoning, and their foolish hearts were darkened.
22 Professing themselves to be wise, when they had became fools,
23 And changed the glory of the incorruptible God,
   Into an image made like corruptible man,
   And birds, and four footed beasts,
   And creeping things; wherefore God gave them up,
   Unto uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts,
   To dishonor their own bodies between themselves; who changed the truth,
   of God into a lie, and worshipped and served those creatures rather than the Creator,
   Who is blessed forever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections;
   For even their women changed the natural use into that which is against nature;
27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman,
   They burned in their lust, even one man toward another;
   Men with men working that which is unseemly,
   And receiving in themselves,
   The due recompense of their perversions.
28 And since they did not see fit to retain God in their knowledge,
   God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness;
   Full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers, backbiters, haters of God,
   Despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
31 Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection,
   Implacable, unmerciful; who, knowing the judgment of God,
   That those who commit such things are inexcusable,
   Not only do the same things,
   But have pleasure in them that do them.


1  THEREFORE thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that thus judgest;
   For wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself;
   For thou that judgest doest the same things.
2  But we know the judgment of God,
   Is according to truth,
   Against them which commit such things.
3  And thinkest thou, O man, that judgest them which do such things,
   And thou doest the same things, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
4  Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering;
   Not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee unto faith and repentance?
5  But after, in accordance with thy hardness and impenitent heart,
   Treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath,
   And revelation of the righteous judgments of God;
6  Who will recompense unto every man,
   According to his deeds;
7  To them who by patient continuance in well doing,
   Seek for glory and honor and immortality--eternal life;
8  But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth,
   But obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath--tribulation and anguish,
   Upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
10 But glory, honor, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first,
   And also unto the Gentile; for there is no partiality of persons with God.
12 For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law;
   And as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;
13 (For the hearers of the law only are not just before God,
   But the doers of the law shall be justified.
14 When Gentiles, which have not the law,
   Do by nature the things contained in the law,
   These, having not the law, are a law unto themselves;
15 They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts,
   Their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts meanwhile accusing,
   Or else excusing one another;) in that day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ.
17 Behold, now thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,
18 And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent,
   Being instructed out of the law, and art confident,
   That thou thyself art a guide of the blind,
   A light of them which are in darkness,
20 An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes,
   Which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.
21 Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself?
   Thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?
22 Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery,
   Dost thou commit adultery?
   And thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?
23 Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law, dishonorest God?
24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
25 For circumcision surely profiteth thee, if thou keep the law;
   But if thou be a breaker of the law,
   Thy circumcision is then made uncircumcision.
26 Therefore if the uncircumcised keep the righteousness,
   Shall not his uncircumcision be counted unto him for circumcision?
27 And shall not those which have not circumcision, if they fulfill the law,
   Condemn thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law?
28 For he is not a real Jew, which is only a Jew outwardly;
   Neither is a circumcision which is merely outward;
29 But he is a real Jew, which is one inwardly;
   And circumcision is that of the heart,
   In spirit, and not in the letter;
   His praise is not of men, but of God.



1  WHAT shall we say then that Abraham our father hath found, as pertaining to the flesh?
2  For if Abraham were justified by the law of works, he hath whereof to glory;
   But not before God; for what saith the scripture?
   Abraham believed God and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
4  Now to him who is justified by the law of works is the reward reckoned not of grace, but as his due.
5  But to him that seeketh not to be justified by the law of works,
   And believeth on him who justifieth not the ungodly,    
   His faith is counted for righteousness;
6  Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man,
   Unto whom God imputeth righteousness without the law of works, saying,
7  Blessed are they through faith whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
8  Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin. Cometh this blessedness then,
   Upon those of the circumcision only, or also upon those of the uncircumcision?
   For we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.
10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision,
   Or in uncircumcision? It was not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
11 He received the sign of circumcision, as a seal of the righteousness of his faith,
   Which he had before being circumcised; that he might be the father of all them that believe,
   Though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also;
12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only,
   But who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham,
   Which he had before being circumcised.
13 For the promise that he should be the heir of the world,
   Was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith.
14 For if they only which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is of none effect;
15 Because the law worketh wrath; for where there is no law, there is no transgression.
16 Therefore ye are justified of faith and works through his grace,
   To the end the promise might be sure to all the seed;
   Not to them only who are of the law,
   But to them also who are of the faith of Abraham;
   Who is the father of us all; therefore it is of faith and works,    
   That it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed;
   Not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham;
   Who is the father of us all, (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,)
   Before God in his presence, whom he believed, who quickeneth the dead,
   And calleth things which are not as though they were.
18 Who against all hope believed in hope,
   That he might become the father of many nations,
   According to that which was promised, So shall thy seed be.
19 And being not weak in faith, he now considered not his own body dead,
   When he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the barrenness of Sara's womb;
20 He hesitated not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God;
21 And being fully persuaded that, what God had promised he was able to perform.
22 And therefore it was imputed unto him for righteousness.
23 Now it was not written for his sake alone,
   That it was imputed to him;
24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed,
   If we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;
25 Who was put to death for our offenses, and was raised again for our justification.


1  THEREFORE being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ;
2  By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand,
   And rejoice in our hope of sharing in the glory of God.
3  And not only this,
   But we glory in tribulations also;
   Knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4  And patience, experience; and experience, hope;
5  And hope maketh us not disappointed; because the love of God,
   Is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost, which is given unto us.
6  For when we were yet without strength, in the right time Christ died for the ungodly.
7  For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps, for a good man some would dare to die.
8  But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
9  More then that, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son,
   Much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
11 And not only so, but we also joy in God,
   Through our Lord Jesus Christ,
   By whom we have now received the atonement.
12 Wherefore, just as by one man sin entered into the world,
   And death by that sin; so death passed upon all men, for all have sinned;
13 For before the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed to those that have no law.
14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned,
   Like unto Adam's transgression, who is the pattern of him that was to come.
   For I say, that through the offense of Adam, death reigned over all.
15 But the offense is not as the free gift; for the gift aboundeth.
   For, if through the offense of one, many shall be dead,
   Even more the grace of God, and the gift by grace,
   Abounded by one man, Jesus Christ, unto many.
16 And not by one that sinned, is the gift;
   For the judgment is by one man unto condemnation,
   But the free gift is for many offenses unto justification.
17 For if by one man's offense, death reigned over all by that one;
   Even much more are they which receive the abundance of grace by one,
   And the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, even Jesus Christ.
18 Therefore as by the offense of one judgment came upon all men to their condemnation;    
   Even so by the righteousness of one [the free gift came] upon all men unto justification.
19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners unto condemnation,
   So also by the obedience of one man shall many be made righteous.
20 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound.
   But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound;
21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so,
   Might grace reign through righteousness,
   Unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord.


1  WHAT shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound?
2  God forbid. How shall we, dead to sin, live longer therein?
3  Know ye not, that as so many of us as were baptized,
   Into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?
4  Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death;
   That like Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father,
   Even so we also should walk in that newness of life.
5  For if we have been planted together,
   In the likeness of his death,
   We shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection;
6  Knowing this, that our old self was crucified with him in death,
   That the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin.
7  For he that is dead with Christ unto sin through baptism is freed from sin.
8  Now if we be dead with Christ, we believe we shall also live with him;
9  Knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more;
   Death hath no more dominion over him.
10 For the death that he died he died unto sin,
   Once for all; but the life he liveth, he liveth unto God.
11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin,
   And alive unto God through the crucifixion of Jesus Christ our Lord.
12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye obey the lusts thereof.
13 Neither yield ye unto your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin;
   But yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead,
   And your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.
14 For so doing sin shall not have dominion over you;
   For ye are not under the law, but under grace.
15 What then? shall we sin,
   Because we are not under the law,
   But under the good grace of God? God forbid.
16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey,
   His servants ye are unto whom ye obey; whether it is of sin unto death,
   Or of obedience unto righteousness? But God be thanked, that ye are not the servants of sin,
   For ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered unto you.
18 And being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.
19 I speak after the ways of men because of the infirmity of your flesh;
   For ye yielded in times past your members servants to uncleanness,
   To iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members,
   Servants to righteousness unto holiness;
   For when servants of sin, ye were free from righteousness.
21 What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed?
   For the end of doing those things is death; but now being made free from sin,
   And become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life;
   For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life,
   Through Jesus Christ our Lord.


1  KNOW ye not, brethren, (I speak to them that know the law,)
   How that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?
2  For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband,
   Only as long as he liveth; for if the husband be dead,
   She is loosed from the law of her husband.
3  But if, while her husband liveth,
   She be married to another man,
   Then she shall be called an adulteress;
   But if her husband be dead, she is free from that law;
   So that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.
4  Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ;
   That ye be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead,
   That we should bring forth much fruit unto God.
5  For when we were in the flesh,
   The motions of sins, which were not by the law,
   Did work in our members to bring forth much fruit unto death.
6  But now we are released from the law, being dead, wherein we were held;
   That we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.
7  What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin but by the law;
   For I had not known lust except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
8  But sin, seizing opportunity in the commandments of God,
   Wrought in me all manner of covetous desires.
   For without the law sin was dead.
9  Once I was alive without transgressing the law,
   But when the commandment of Christ came, sin revived and I died.
10 And when I believed not the commandment of Christ which came unto me,
   Which was ordained unto life eternal, I found that it condemned me unto death.
11 For sin, taking occasion, denied by the commandment, deceived me, and by it I was slain.
12 Nevertheless, I found the law to be holy, and the commandment to be holy, and just, and good.
13 And then was that which is good made death unto me? God forbid.
   But sin, that it might appear sin,
   By that which is good, worketh death in me;
   That sin, by the commandment, might become exceeding sinful.
14 For we know that the commandment is spiritual; but when I was under the law,
   I was yet carnal, sold under sin; but now I am spiritual;
   For that which I am commanded to do, I do;
   And that which I am commanded not to allow, I allow not.
15 For what I know is not right, I would not do; for that which is sin, I hate.
16 If then I do not that which I would not allow, I consent unto the law that it is good,
   And I am not condemned; now then, it is no more I that do sin,
   But I seek to subdue that sin which dwelleth in me.
18 For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,)
   Dwelleth no good thing; for to do my will is my desire;
   But how to perform that which is my will, I find not, only in Christ.
19 For the good that I would have done when under the law, I find not to be good,
   Therefore I do it not; but the evil which I would not do under the law, I find to be good; that I do.
20 Now if I do, through the assistance of Christ, that which I would not do under the law,
   I am not under the law; and it is no more that I seek to do wrong,
   But to subdue the sin that dwelleth in me.
21 I find then that under the law,
   When I would do good, evil was present.
22 For I delight in the law of God in the inward man;
23 But now I see another law, even the commandment of Christ,
   And it is imprinted in my mind; but my members war against my mind,
   And are bringing me into captivity unto the law of sin which is in my members.
   And if I subdue not the sin which is in me, with the flesh I will serve the law of sin;
24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from this body of death?
25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord,
   Then, that so with the mind,   
   I myself will serve the law of God.


1  There is therefore now no condemnation unto them which are in Christ Jesus,
   Who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
2  For the law of the Spirit of life,
   In Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.
3  For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh,
   God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh,
   And for sin, condemned sin in the flesh;
4  That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled,
   In all of us who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
5  For they that are of the flesh do mind the things that are of the flesh;
   But they that are after the Spirit do mind the things that are after the Spirit.
6  For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
7  Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God,
   Neither indeed can be; so then they that are after the flesh cannot please God.
9  But ye are not after the flesh, but after the Spirit of God,
   If so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you.
   Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
10 And if the Spirit of Christ be in you, though the body shall die because of sin;
   Yet the Spirit of Christ is life, because of righteousness.
11 And if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus,
   From the dead dwell in you,
   He that raised up Christ from the dead,
   Shall also quicken your bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, but not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.
13 For if ye live after the flesh unto sin, ye shall die unto sin; but if ye through the Spirit,
   Do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live through the Spirit unto Christ.
14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear;
   But ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God;
17 And if his children, then heirs; yea, heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ;    
   If so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.
18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time,
   Are not worthy to be named with the glory which shall be revealed to us.
19 For the eager hope of the creature waiteth for the revelation of the sons of God.
20 For the creature was made subject to tribulation, and not willingly,
   But by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,
21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered,
   From the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.
22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.
23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the first fruits of the Spirit,
   Even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption,
   To wit, the redemption of our body.
24 For we are saved by hope;
   But hope that is seen is not hope;
   For what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for?
25 But if we hope for that which we see not,
   Then with patience we do wait for it.
26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities;
   For we know not what we should pray for, as we ought to pray unto God;
   But the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
27 And he that searcheth the hearts of men knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit,
   Because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
28 And we know all things work together for good, to them that love God,
   To them who are the called according to his purpose.
29 For him whom he did foreknow,
   He also did foreordain,
   To be conformed unto his own image,
   That he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
30 Moreover him whom he did foreordain, him he also called;
   And him whom he also called, him he also justified;
   And him whom he justified, him he glorified.
31 What shall we then say to these things?
   If indeed God be for us,
   Who will prevail against us?
32 For he spared not even his own Son,    
   But delivered him up for the sins of us all,
   How shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
33 Who shall lay anything to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth.
34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen up again,
   Who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ?
   Shall tribulation, or distress,
   Or persecution, or famine,
   Or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
36 As it is written: For thy sake we are killed;
   All the day long we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
37 Nay, in all these things we are more than abundantly victorious through him that loved us.
38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels,
   Nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present,
   Nor things to come, nor height, nor depth,
   Nor any other creature shall be able to separate us,
   From the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.


1  I say the truth in Christ, I am not lying;
   My conscience also bears me witness in the Holy Ghost,
2  That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
3  For once I could have wished that myself were accursed from Christ,
   For my brethren, my kinsmen, according to the flesh; for they are Israelites;
   Of whom is the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law,
   And the service of God, and the promises which have been made unto the fathers; and of whom,  
   As concerning the human race, Christ was, who is God over all, blessed for ever. Amen.
6  Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect; for they are not all Israel,
   Which are of Israel; neither, because they are the children of Abraham, are they the seed;
   But, in Isaac shall thy seed be called; this means, that they which are the children of the flesh,
   These are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
9  For this is the words of promise: At this time will I return, and Sara shall have a son.
10 And not only Sarah; but when Rebecca also had conceived, even by our father Isaac;
11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil,
   That the purpose of God according to election might stand,
   Not of works, but of him that calleth;)
12 It was said unto her: The elder shall serve the younger.
13 As it is written: Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
14 What shall we say then? Is there any unrighteousness with God? God forbid.
15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy,
   And I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
16 So then it is not of him that desires it,
   Nor of him that worketh for it, but of God that showeth mercy.
17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh: Even for this purpose have I raised thee up,
   That I might show my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he still find fault?
   For who can resist his will?
20 Nay, O man, who art thou that repliest against God?
   Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
21 Hath not the potter power over the clay; and of the same lump make one vessel unto honor,
   And another unto dishonor?  What if God, willing to show his wrath,
   And to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering,
   The vessels of wrath fitted to destruction;
23 And that he might make known,
   The riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy,
   Which he had afore prepared unto glory, even us, whom he hath called,
   Not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he saith also in Hosea:
   I will call them my people, which were not my people;
   And her beloved, which were not beloved.
26 And it shall come to pass,
   That in the place where it was said unto them,
   Ye are not my people; shall they be called the children of the living God.
27 Isaiah also crieth concerning Israel: Though the number of the children of Israel,
   Be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them shall be saved;
28 For he will finish the work,
   And cut it short in his righteousness;
   Because a short work will the Lord make upon all the earth.
29 And as Isaiah said before: Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a posterity,
   We would have been as Sodom, we would have been as Gomorrah.
30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles,
   Which followed not after righteousness,
   Have attained unto righteousness,
   Even the righteousness which is of faith.
31 But Israel, which followed a law of righteousness, hath not attained it.
32 Wherefore? because they have stumbled at that stumbling-stone,
   Not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law.
33 As it is written: Behold, I lay in Zion,     \   
   A stumbling-stone and rock of offense;
   And whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

   ROMANS 10

1  BRETHREN, my heart's desire and prayer unto God for Israel is that they might be saved;
2  For I can bear witness of them that they have a zeal for God,
   But not according to knowledge.
3  For being ignorant of God's righteousness,
   And going about to establish their own righteousness,
   They have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
4  For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
5  For Moses describeth in this way the righteousness which is of the law:
   That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
6  But the righteousness which is based of faith speaketh on this wise,
   Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above;)
7  Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)
8  But what saith it? The word is near thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart;
   That is, the word of faith, which we preach;
9  That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus,
   And shalt believe in thine heart that God raised him from the dead,
   Thou shalt be saved; for with the heart man believeth unto righteousness;
   And with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
11 For the scripture saith:
   Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek;
   For the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.
13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed?
   And how shall they believe in him whom they have not heard?
   And how shall they hear without a preacher?
15 And how shall men preach,
   Except they be sent? as it is written:
   How beautiful are the feet of them that preach,
   The gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of the good things!
16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel; for Isaiah saith: Lord, who hath believed our report?
17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing cometh by the word of God.
18 But I ask, Have they not heard the word? Yes verily:
   Their voice has gone out unto all the earth,
   Their words unto the ends of the world.
19 But I ask, Did not Israel know? Now Moses saith,
   I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people,
   And by a foolish nation I will anger you; but Isaiah is very bold, and saith:
   I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.
21 But to Israel he saith: All day long I have stretched forth my hands,
   Unto a disobedient and contrary people.

   ROMANS 11

1  I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid.
   For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, the tribe of Benjamin.
2  God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew.
   Know ye not what the scripture saith of Elijah?
   How he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying,
3  Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars;
   And I alone am left, and now they also seek my life.
4  But what is the reply of God unto him?
   I have reserved to myself seven thousand men,
   Who have not bowed down the knee to the image of Baal.
5  So too, at the present time there is a remnant,
   According to the election of grace.
6  And if by grace, then is it no more of works;
   Otherwise grace is no more grace. But if of works,
   Then is it no more grace; otherwise work is no more work.
7  What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for;
   But the elect hath obtained it, and the rest of them were blinded,
8  (According as it is written: God hath given them the spirit of slumber,
   Eyes that should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.
9  And David saith: Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block,
   And a recompense unto them; Let their eyes be darkened that they may not see,
   And their backs be bent forever. I say then, Have they stumbled,
   That they should fall? God forbid;
   But rather through their fall,
   Salvation is come unto the Gentiles,
   For to provoke all of Israel unto jealousy.
12 Now if the transgression of them means riches for the world,
   And the diminishing of them means riches for the Gentiles; how much more their fullness?
13 For I speak to you Gentiles: Inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office,
14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them.
15 For if the casting away of them means the reconciling of the world,
   What shall the restoring of them be, but life from the dead?
16 For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy;
   And if the root be holy, so are the branches.
17 And if some of the branches be broken off,
   And thou, being a wild olive tree,
   Wert grafted in among them,
   And with them partakest of the root,
   And fatness of the tree; boast not against the branches.
   For thou bearest not the root, but the root thee; for if thou boast,
19 Thou wilt say, The branches were broken off, that we might be grafted in.
20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest fast only by faith.
   Be not high-minded, but fear; for if God spared not the natural branches, take heed,
   Lest he also spare not thee; behold therefore the goodness and severity of God;
   Severity toward them which fall; but toward thee, goodness,
   If thou continue in his goodness;
   Otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
23 And they also, if they do not persist in unbelief,
   Shall be grafted in; for God is able to graft them in again.
24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature,
   And wert grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more shall these,
   Which be part of the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree?
   For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery,
   Lest ye should be wise in your own conceits;
   That blindness in part is happened,
   Unto Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in.
26 And so all Israel shall be saved; as it is written:, There shall come,
   Out of Zion the Deliverer, and he shall turn away all ungodliness from Jacob;
27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
28 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes;
   But as touching the election,
   They are beloved for the sake of their fathers.
29 For the gifts and callings of God are without revocation.
30 For as ye in times past have been disobedient unto God,
   But now have obtained his mercy through unbelief;
31 Even so have these also now not believed,
   That through your mercy,
   They also now might obtain mercy.
32 For God hath concluded them all to unbelief,
   That he might have mercy upon all them that believe.
33 O the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God!
   How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counselor?
35 Or who hath first given to him a gift, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?
36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things; to whom be glory for ever. Amen.

   ROMANS 12

1  I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God,
   That ye present your bodies a living sacrifice,
   Holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
2  And be not conformed to this world; but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind,
   That ye may prove what is the good, and acceptable, and perfect will of God.
3  For I say, through the grace given unto me,
   To every man among you,
   Not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think;
   But to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.
4  For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office;
5  So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.
6  But having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us,
   If prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith;
7  Or in ministry, let us wait on our ministering;
   Or he that teacheth, in his teaching;
8  Or he that exhorteth, in his exhortation;
   He that giveth, let him do it with simplicity;
   He that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness.
9  Let love be most sincere; abhor that which is evil and cleave to that which is good.
10 Be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love; and in honor, outdoing one another;
11 Not slothful in zeal; being fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;
12 Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation;
   Continuing constantly in prayer;   
   Distributing to the necessity of the saints;
   Be given to hospitality, and bless them which persecute you; bless, and curse not.
15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.
16 Be of the same mind one toward another.
   Mind not after high things,
   But condescend,
   Unto men of low estate.
   Be not wise in your own conceits.
17 Recompense unto no man evil again for evil.
   Provide things that are honest in the sight of all men.
18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.
19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give no place in you to wrath;
   For it is written: Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.
20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him;
   If he thirst, give him drink;
   For in so doing,
   Thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
21 Be not overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

   ROMANS 13

1  LET every soul be subject unto the higher powers.
   For there is no powers but those of God; the powers that be are ordained of God.
2  Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God;
   And they that resist God shall receive unto themselves damnation.
3  For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil.
   Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power?
   Do that which is good,
   And thou shalt have praise of the same;
4  For he is the minister of God unto thee for good.
   But if thou do evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain;
   For he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
5  Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only to avoid God's wrath, but also for conscience sake.
6  For for this cause pay ye taxes also; for the authorities are God's ministers,
   Attending continually upon this very thing.
7  Render therefore to all their due;
   Tribute to whom tribute is due;
   If respect, then respect;
   If honor, then honor.
8  Owe no man anything,
   But to love one another;
   For he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
9  The commandments: Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill,
   Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet;
   And if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying,
   Namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.
10 For love worketh no ill to his neighbor;
   Therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
11 And knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep;
   For now is our salvation nearer than when we first believed.
12 For the night is far spent, and the day is at hand;
   Let us therefore cast off the works of darkness,
   And let us put on the armor of God's light.
13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day;
   Not in reveling and drunkenness,
   Not in immorality and lust,
   Not in strife and jealousies.
14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ,
   And make not provision for the flesh, to the lusts thereof.

   ROMANS 14

1  HIM that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not with trifling disputations.
2  For one believeth that he may eat all things;
   Another, who is weak, eateth vegetables.
3  Let not him that eateth all things despise him that eateth not;
   And let not him which eateth judge him that eateth not; for God hath received him.
   Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth.
   Yea, he shall be holden up; for God is able to make him stand.
5  One man esteemeth one day above another;
   Another esteemeth every day alike.
   Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind.
6  And he that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord;
   And he that eateth, eateth unto the Lord, for he giveth God thanks;
   And he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
7  For none of us liveth unto himself, and no man dieth unto himself.
8  For whether we live or not, we live unto the Lord;
   And whether we die, we die unto the Lord;
   Whether we live therefore, or die,
   We are the Lord's.
9  For unto this end Christ both died, and rose,
   And revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at naught thy brother?
   For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
11 For it is written: As I live, saith the Lord,
   Every knee shall bow to me,
   And every tongue shall confess to God.
12 So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.
13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more; but judge this rather:
   That no man put a stumbling block or an occasion to fall in his brother's way.
14 I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself;
   But to him that esteemeth anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
15 And if thy brother be grieved by what you may eat,
   Thou walkest not charitably any longer.
   Destroy not him with thy food,
   Him for whom Christ died.
16 Let not your good be evil spoken of;
17 For the kingdom of God is not food and drink;
   But righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
18 For he that in these things serveth Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men.
19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things that edify one another.
20 Do not, for food, destroy the work of God; for all things indeed are clean;
   But it is wrong for a man to eat anything that will offend.
21 It is better not to eat flesh, or to drink wine,
   Or do anything, whereby thy brother falleth,
   Or is offended, or is made weak.
   Hast thou faith? have it to thyself before God.
   Happy is he that condemneth not himself in that which he alloweth.
23 And he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith;
   For whatsoever comes not of faith is sin.

   ROMANS 15
1  WE then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.
2  Let every one of us please his neighbor for his good to edification.
3  For even Christ pleased not himself; but, as it is written:
   The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me.
4  For whatsoever things were written aforetime,
   Were written for our learning,
   That we through patience,
   And comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
5  Now the God of patience and consolation grant unto you,
   To be likeminded one toward another according as was Christ Jesus;
6  That ye may with one mind and one mouth glorify God,
   Even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7  Wherefore receive ye one another,
   As Christ also received us to the glory of God.
8  Now I say Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision,
   For the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers;
9  And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written:
   For this cause I will praise thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name.
10 And again he saith: Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people; and again:
   Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people.
12 And again, Isaiah saith: There shall be a root of Jesse,
   And he shall rise to reign over the Gentiles;
   In him shall the Gentiles trust.
13 Now may the God of hope,
   Fill you with all joy and peace in believing,
   That ye may abound in hope through the power of the Holy Ghost.
14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren,
   That ye also are full of goodness,
   Filled with all knowledge,
   Able also to instruct one another.
15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written more boldly unto you,
   On some points, as to remind you again, because of the grace God has given me,
16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel,
   So that the offering of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
17 I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ in those things which pertain to God.
18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me,
   To win the obedience of the Gentiles, by word and deed, by mighty signs and wonders,
   By the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem,
   And round about unto Illyricum,
   I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
20 Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel of Christ,
   And not where Christ was known, lest I should build upon another man's foundation;
21 But as it is written: To whom he had not been spoken of, they shall see;
   And they that have not heard shall understand.
22 For which cause also,
   Has hindered me from coming to you.
23 But now having no more room in these parts,
   And having a great desire these many years to come unto you;
24 When I take my journey into Spain, I will come to you;
   For I trust to see you on my journey,
   And to be brought on my way thither by you,
   If first I be somewhat filled due to your prayers.
25 But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints.
26 For it hath pleased the saints of both Macedonia and Achaia,
   To make a contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem.
27 It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are.
   For if the Gentiles have been made partakers,
   Of their spiritual things,
   Their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.
28 When therefore I have performed this, and they have indeed received this fruit,
   I will come by you into Spain; and I am sure that when I come unto you,
   I shall come in the fullness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.
30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake,
   And for the love of the Spirit,
   That ye strive with me in your prayers to God for me;
31 That I may be delivered from them which do not believe in Judea;
   And that my service which I have for Jerusalem may be accepted by the saints;
32 That I may come unto you with joy by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed.
33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

   ROMANS 16

1  I commend unto you Phebe our sister,
   Which is a servant of the church at Cenchrea;
2  That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints,
   And that ye assist her in whatsoever way she hath need of you;
   For she hath been a succorer of many, and of myself also.
3  Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus;
4  Who have for my life laid down their own necks;
   Unto whom not only I give my thanks,   
   But also all the churches of the Gentiles.
5  Likewise greet the church that is in their house.
   Salute my well beloved Epaenetus, the first fruit of Achaia unto Christ.
6  Greet Mary, who bestowed much labor among you; salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen,
   And my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles,
   And who also were in Christ before I was.
   Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord.
9  Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.
10 Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' church.
11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the church of Narcissus, which are in the Lord.
12 Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord; salute the beloved Persis,
   Wich labored much in the Lord; salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
14 Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the other brethren which are with them.
15 Salute Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints which are with them.
16 Salute one another with an holy salutation; for the churches of Christ salute you.
17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions,
   And offenses contrary to the doctrine ye have learned;
   And avoid them; for they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ,
   But their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men; I am glad therefore on your behalf;
   Yet I would have you wise unto that which is good and simple concerning evil.
20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly.
   The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
21 Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius,
   And Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you.
22 I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord.
23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you.
   Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you,
   And Quartus, a brother in the gospel.
24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.
25 Now to him that is of power to establish you according to the gospel,
   And the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery,
   Which was kept secret since the world began; but now is made manifest,
   By the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment,
   Of the everlasting God, made known to all nations,
   For the obedience of faith;
27 To God only wise,
   Be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen.